1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anoda Cav.
      1. Anoda cristata (L.) Schltdl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America.

    [FTEA]

    Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Note
    Has been collected in Kenya – whether cultivated or growing as a result of being an impurity in other seeds is not clear.
    Habit
    Herb to about ± 1 m tall.
    Stem
    Young stems setose but older glabrescent and with typical anastomosing ribbing characteristic of Malvaceae
    Leaves
    Leaves very variable, triangular, hastate or palmately lobed
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary in leaf axils or in cymes; calyx accrescent, densely setose outside, reticulately veined, deeply 5-lobed; lobes triangular up to 12 × 9 mm, apiculate
    Corolla
    Corolla lilac; petals ± 2 cm long.
    Stamens
    Staminal tube very short
    Carpels
    Carpels 9–20, usually with distinct setose dorsal narrow projections up to 6 mm long.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil South, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, New Mexico, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Texas, Uruguay, Venezuela

    Extinct in:

    Juan Fernández Is.

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Belgium, California, Colorado, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Fiji, Florida, Galápagos, Georgia, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mississippi, Missouri, Netherlands, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Oklahoma, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Primorye, Queensland, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia

    Anoda cristata (L.) Schltdl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2008 Cornejo T., G. [3053], Mexico K001259146
    Jan 1, 2007 Sanchez G., E. [129], Mexico K001259094
    Jan 1, 1987 Salinas T., A. [F-3700], Mexico K001259163
    15358.000
    Hinton, G.B. [12230], Mexico K001259064
    Hinton, G.B. [12056], Mexico K001259079
    Hinton, G.B. [13205], Mexico K001259081
    Hinton, G.B. [11359], Mexico K001259082
    Hinton, G.B. [11165], Mexico K001259080
    Hinton, G.B. [9524], Mexico K001259084
    Hinton, G.B. [9612], Mexico K001259065
    Hinton, G.B. [2564], Mexico K001259089
    Hinton, G.B. [2058], Mexico K001259090
    Hinton, G.B. [6796], Mexico K001259091
    Hinton, G.B. [5225], Mexico K001259092
    Hinton, G.B. [s.n.], Mexico K001259083
    Hinton, G.B. [6889], Mexico K001259139
    Hinton, G.B. [6889], Mexico K001259145
    Hinton, G.B. [6877], Mexico K001259137
    Hinton, G.B. [6877], Mexico K001259138
    Hinton, G.B. [6987], Mexico K001259150
    Hinton, G.B. [6987], Mexico K001259149
    Hinton, G.B. [8426], Mexico K001259147
    Hinton, G.B. [7464], Mexico K001259148
    Sparrow, M. [70], Mexico K001259096
    Tate [6], Mexico K001259153
    K000528397
    Bourgeau, E. [560], Mexico K001259073
    Bourgeau, E. [559], Mexico K001259074
    Bourgeau, E. [s.n.], Mexico K001259075
    Bourgeau, E. [1570], Mexico K001259085
    Bourgeau, E. [926], Mexico K001259157
    Bourgeau, E. [292], Mexico K001259158
    Bourgeau, E. [1570], Mexico K001259160
    Mueller, F. [321], Mexico K001259086
    Botteri [755], Mexico K001259067
    Botteri [749], Mexico K001259155
    Lyonnet, E. [130], Mexico K001259078
    Langlassé, E. [392], Mexico K001259136
    Schaffner, J.G. [159], Mexico K001259069
    Seaton, H.E. [24], Mexico K001259070
    Coulter, T. [845], Mexico K001259062
    Barnes, C.R. [338], Mexico K001259077
    Rosas R., M. [1452], Mexico K001259161
    Rosas R., M. [734], Mexico K001259162
    Orcutt, C.R. [3577], Mexico K001259076
    Nicolas, F. [621], Mexico K001259066
    Otto [s.n.] K001259159
    Marquez R., W. [366], Mexico K001259133
    Emory, W.H. [100], USA K001259061
    Palmer, E. [106a], Mexico K001259071
    Palmer, E. [581], Mexico K001259087
    Parry, C.C. [77], Mexico K001259097
    Parry, C.C. [76], Mexico K001259063
    Purdie [s.n.] K001259143
    Purdie [s.n.], Colombia K001259142
    Mexia, Y. [8922], Mexico K001259140
    Triana, J. [s.n.], Colombia K001259068
    Couter, T. [847], Mexico K001259144
    Couter, T. [848], Mexico K001259141
    Couter, T. [850], Mexico K001259152
    Arsene, F. [1658], Mexico K001259088
    Gonzalez-Otega, J. [2011], Mexico K001259060
    Gonzalez-Otega, J. [5712], Mexico K001259059
    Couches [4.8], Mexico K001259072
    s.coll. [s.n.] K001259154
    s.coll. [s.n.] K001259156
    Gonzalez-Ortega, J. [5712], Mexico K001259135
    Hernández A., C. [16], Mexico K001259151
    Martínez C., Gpe. [1033], Mexico K001259134
    Gradner, M.F. [5326], Mexico K001259095
    Gregg, J. [472], Mexico Sida hastata K001105303
    Emory, W.H. [96] Sida hastata K001105304

    First published in Linnaea 11: 210 (1837)

    Accepted by

    • Danton, P. & Perrier, C. (2017). Suppressions and additions to the flora of the Juan Fernández archipelago (Chile) Botany Letters 164: 351-360.
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
    • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2015). Flora of North America North of Mexico 6: 1-468. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Gutiérrez, J. & Solano, E. (2014). Afinidades florísticas y fitogeográficas de la vegetación del municipio de San José Iturbide, Guanajuato, México Acta Botanica Mexicana 107: 27-65. Instituto de Ecología A.C.
    • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
    • Verloove, F. & Heyneman, G. (2012). Merkwaardige plantencollecties van twee antropogene zaadbanken in Gent (Oost-Vlaanderen, België) Dumortiera 100: 19-24.
    • Allred, K.W. (2012). Flora Neomexicana, ed. 2, 1: 1-599. Range Science Herbarium, Las Cruces, New Mexico.
    • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
    • Danihelka, J. Chrtek, J. & Kaplan, Z. (2012). Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 84: 647-811.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Jones, R.L. (2005). Plant life of Kentucky. An illustrated guide to the vascular flora: 1-833. The universitry press of Kentucky.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
    • Cervantes Aceves, N. (1992). La Familia Malvaceae en el Estado de Jalisco, Mexico: 1-393. Editorial Universidad de Guadalajara.
    • Kharkevich, S.S. (ed.) (1987). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 2: 1-448. Nauka, Leningrad.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Danton, P. & Perrier, C. (2017). Suppressions and additions to the flora of the Juan Fernández archipelago (Chile) Botany Letters 164: 351-360.
    • Jaramillo Díaz, P. & Guézou, A. (2017). CDF Checklist of Galapagos Vascular Plants - FCD Lista de especies de Plantas Vasculares de Galápagos http://www.darwinfoundation.org/datazone/checklists/vascular-plants/.
    • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
    • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2015). Flora of North America North of Mexico 6: 1-468. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
    • Verloove, F. & Heyneman, G. (2012). Merkwaardige plantencollecties van twee antropogene zaadbanken in Gent (Oost-Vlaanderen, België) Dumortiera 100: 19-24.
    • Danihelka, J. Chrtek, J. & Kaplan, Z. (2012). Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 84: 647-811.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Jones, R.L. (2005). Plant life of Kentucky. An illustrated guide to the vascular flora: 1-833. The universitry press of Kentucky.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kharkevich, S.S. (ed.) (1987). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 2: 1-448. Nauka, Leningrad.

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0