1. Family: Anacardiaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Anacardium L.
      1. Anacardium excelsum (Bertero & Balb. ex Kunth) Skeels

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cuba, Central America to Ecuador. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders, to provide shade shelter , as animal food and food for bees, has environmental uses and for food.

    [UPB]

    The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

    Ecology
    Alt. 0 - 1100 m.
    Distribution
    Native from Colombia.
    Habit
    Tree.
    Conservation
    Near threatened.
    Vernacular
    Jurujamba (Emberá).
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 1100 m.; Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Árbol
    Conservation
    Casi Amenazada
    [UPB]
    Bees
    Bees visit the plants (Giraldo et al. 2011).
    Animal Food
    Exudates - Eaten by animals (Giraldo et al. 2011).
    Other Environmental Uses
    Live plant (in situ) - Protection of water resources (Giraldo et al. 2011).
    Shade Shelter
    Live plant (in situ) - Used as shade plants (Giraldo et al. 2011).
    Food
    Infructescences - Edible fruit (Romero Castañeda 1961).
    Materials
    Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
    Wood
    Used for construction (Linares 1994, Giraldo et al. 2011). Entire plant - Used for flooring (Romero Castañeda 1961). Used for furniture (López-Camacho et al 2016).
    Tannins Dyestuffs
    Used as dyestuffs (Giraldo et al. 2011).
    Unspecified Materials Chemicals
    Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
    Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
    Medicinal (Instituto Humboldt 2014).

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panamá, Venezuela

    Common Names

    Spanish
    Caracolí, caracol, caracolí blanco, caracolí amarillo, espavé, aspavé, mijao, caní, assu, cahu, cayavana, cojueiro de campo, coyo de campo, coyu, coyu de mata, coyuhi, espavel amarillo, espavel rosado, gran coshew, marañón

    Anacardium excelsum (Bertero & Balb. ex Kunth) Skeels appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bull. Bur. Pl. Industr. U.S.D.A. 242: 36 (1912)

    Accepted by

    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    • Bernal, R., Galeano, G., Rodríguez, A., Sarmiento, H. & Gutiérrez, M. (2017). Nombres comunes de las plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/
    • López-Camacho, R., Pulido, E., Diaz, J. (2016). APP Especies Maderables Versión 2 [online application software]. Retrieved from http://itunes.apple.com
    • Kew's Economic Botany collection in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org/2016/
    • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Castro, C. (Proveedor de metadatos), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). Versión 11.0. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
    • Giraldo, C., Rodríguez, A., Chamorro, F. J., Obregon, D., Montoya, P., Ramirez, N., . . . Nates-Parra, G. (2011). Guía ilustrada de polen y plantas nativas visitadas por abejas: Cundinamarca, Boyacá, Santander, Sucre, Atlántico y Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia. Universidad Nacional de Colombia.
    • Linares, E. (1994). Inventario preliminar de las plantas utilizadas para elaborar artesanías en Colombia. Vniversitas Scientarium. Vol 2: 1-38
    • Correa Q., J.E. & Bernal H.Y. (1989). Especies vegetales promisorias de los paises del Convenio Andres Bello Tomo I. Secretaría Ejecutiva del Convenio Andres Bello (SECAB). Bogotá, Colombia.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/