1. Family: Brassicaceae Burnett
    1. Crambe L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Europe, Macaronesia to China, Tropical African Mountains.

    [FTEA]

    Cruciferae, Bengt Jonsell (University of Stockholm). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

    Habit
    Annual or (not in E. Africa) perennial herbs, with taproots that in the perennial species are mostly thickened, glabrous to densely hispid with unbranched hairs
    Stem
    Stems ascending to erect, branching from the base or only from upper parts
    Leaves
    Leaves membranous or (in perennial species) fleshy, rhombic, elliptic or obovate in outline, simple or variously divided (lyrate- to repeatedly pinnatifid)
    Inflorescences
    Racemes terminal and axillary, ebracteate, corymbose, with numerous small flowers, in fruit elongate and rather lax
    Calyx
    Sepals not saccate, oblong, greenish
    Corolla
    Petals usually white, small but usually longer than the sepals (rarely reduced)
    Stamens
    Stamens 6, distinctly tetradynamous; filaments of the median stamens mostly with a denticulate appendix
    Nectaries
    Distinct nectaries between the median filament-bases of each pair; less conspicuous strands of nectarial tissue inside the lateral ones
    Ovary
    Ovary often on a short but distinct gynophore and consisting of 2 segments, the lower one of about the length and width of the gynophore, the upper one larger, ovoid to narrowly ellipsoid; each segment usually with 1 ovule, only the upper segment developing a seed and forming an indehiscent globose to ellipsoid nutlet
    Style
    Style very short or sessile
    Seeds
    Seed faintly sculptured or smooth, yellowish brown, spheroid.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Austria, Baltic States, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Central European Rus, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Madeira, Morocco, Netherlands, North Caucasus, Northwest European R, Norway, Pakistan, Palestine, Portugal, Romania, Rwanda, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yugoslavia, Zaïre

    Extinct in:

    Sardegna, Sicilia

    Introduced into:

    KwaZulu-Natal, Oregon

    Crambe L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 671 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Prina, A.O. (2009). Taxonomic review of the genus Crambe sect. Crambe (Brassicaceae, Brassiceae) Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 66: 7-24.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • O.E. Schulz in E.P. IV. 105, 70: 228–249 (1919)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 301 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 671 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0