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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Somalia, Tanzania.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 1-ovulate, compressed with a firm rim along the major axis
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style slender with 2 stigmas
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit of 1–3 capsules enclosed in the developing mass of the processes, receptacle and pedicel, each partial inflorescence becoming indurate, spiky and gall-like, containing 1–3 seeds in the compressed capsules and falling as a unit.
Distribution
Two species, one in Somalia and the other in Tanzania.
Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs with alternate leaves and branches, leaves entire
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers in long-pedunculate spike-like bracteate racemes, each bract subtending a subsessile partial inflorescence consisting of 2–3 fertile flowers, the outer (1–)2 subtended by a bracteolate sterile flower of 2 laterally emergent curved accrescent horn-like processes and the other (where present) bibracteolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals (4–)5, the outer pair firm and nervose, the inner 3 delicate and hyaline
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens (4–)5, free or very shortly fused by a basal membrane; pseudostaminodes absent

[FTEA]

Amaranthaceae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1985

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs with alternate leaves and branches
Morphology Leaves
Leaves entire
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers small, in long-pedunculate axillary spike-like bracteate racemes, each bract subtending a subsessile partial inflorescence consisting of 2–3 fertile flowers, of which the outer (1–)2 are subtended by a bracteolate sterile flower of 2 laterally emerging curved accrescent horn-like processes, and the other (where 2 are present) bibracteolate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth-segments (4–)5, the outer pair firm, nervose, mucronate, opposite and enclosing the remaining flower parts, the inner segments delicate, hyaline
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens (4–)5, free or fused by a very short basal membrane, without intermediate pseudostaminodes; filaments filiform; anthers narrow, bilocular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary compressed with a firm upper rim along the major axis, the single ovule lateral on a curved funicle; radicle descending; style filiform, stigmas 2, linear
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 1–3 capsules enveloped by the developing mass of the processes, receptacle and very short pedicel, each partial inflorescence becoming indurate, spiky and gall-like, containing 1–3 seeds in the compressed capsules, falling as a unit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Endosperm copious.

Native to:

Somalia, Tanzania

Neocentema Schinz appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 56: 248 (1911)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by C. C. Townsend [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • in Viert. Nat. Ges. Zürich 56: 248 (1911)

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0