1. Family: Brassicaceae Burnett
    1. Erucastrum (DC.) C.Presl

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Europe to S. Africa abnd Arabian Peninsula.

    [FZ]

    Cruciferae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Annual, biennial or perennial herbs usually ± hairy with simple hairs.
    Leaves
    Lower leaves lyrate-pinnatifid, upper ones usually linear.
    Flowers
    Flowers yellow in bracteate or ebracteate racemes.
    Calyx
    Sepals erect or spreading, inner pair somewhat saccate.
    Corolla
    Petals 4, unguiculate.
    Stamens
    Stamens 6.
    Fruits
    Silique quadrangular with keeled valves, each with 1 prominent dorsal nerve and a conical beak with 0–3 seeds.
    Seeds
    Cotyledons longitudinally conduplicate. Seeds 1-seriate, ovoid or ellipsoid.
    [FTEA]

    Cruciferae, Bengt Jonsell (University of Stockholm). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

    Habit
    Annual, biennial or perennial herbs (rarely subshrubs) with a taproot, little to moderately branched, usually with simple hairs
    Leaves
    Basal leaves ± lyrate-pinnate
    Inflorescences
    Racemes terminal, bracteate or ebracteate, ± corymbose, with small flowers, in fruit elongate, lax
    Calyx
    Sepals not spreading, the inner slightly saccate
    Corolla
    Petals yellowish or white, spathulate
    Stamens
    Stamens 6, distinctly tetradynamous, with linear filaments
    Nectaries
    Nectaries 2-lobed or horseshoe-shaped (with opening outwards) at the base of the lateral stamens, and as a spheroid gland outside each median stamen-pair
    Pistil
    Gynophore absent or very short; ovary cylindrical, with short style and semiglobose to bifid stigma; ovules 10–50
    Fruits
    Fruit a siliqua, readily dehiscent, linear, usually 4-angled in transverse section, with a seedless conical beak; valves with a prominent midnerve
    Seeds
    Seeds usually uniseriate, spheroid to ellipsoid, slightly flattened, finely reticulate, not mucilaginous.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Algeria, Austria, Baltic States, Belgium, Botswana, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Free State, Germany, Gulf States, Italy, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Libya, Morocco, Namibia, Netherlands, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Oman, Portugal, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Socotra, Somalia, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tanzania, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Alberta, Bahamas, Belarus, British Columbia, California, Central European Rus, Connecticut, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, Ecuador, Florida, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Ireland, Japan, Kansas, Kentucky, Korea, Krym, Labrador, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mauritius, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New York, Newfoundland, North Dakota, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Poland, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Québec, Romania, Saskatchewan, South Dakota, South European Russi, Texas, Ukraine, Vermont, Washington, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

    Erucastrum (DC.) C.Presl appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Fl. Sicul.: 92 (1826)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Fl. Sic. 1: 92 (1826).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • O.E. Schulz in E.P. IV. 105, 70: 88–106 (1919)
    • Fl. Sic. 1: 92 (1826)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0