1. Family: Burmanniaceae Blume
    1. Genus: Gymnosiphon Blume
      1. Gymnosiphon usambaricus Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Kenya to Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Burmanniaceae, E.J. Cowley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1988

    Habit
    Stems often shortly decumbent, then erect, relatively robust, usually ribbed, occasionally branched, white, cream, pink or brown, 5-35 cm. high.
    Leaves
    Basal and scale leaves up to 5 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers few-many in a lax bifid cyme, the first flower at joint of the opposite lateral branches, odorous; cyme branches 1-7 cm. long; bract scale-like, up to 3.5 mm. long; pedicel 2-7 mm.
    Perianth
    Perianth-tube waxy, white, cylindrical, narrow, 4-10 mm.; outer tepals white to yellow, 3-lobed, mid-lobe broadly ovate, lateral lobes lanceolate to ovate, undulate, acute to obtuse, subequal in length, 1-8 mm.; inner tepals small, ovate, 0.25-0.4 mm.
    Anthers
    Anthers yellow; thecae globose; anther-connective rectangular-globose, apiculate, 0.75 × 0.5 mm.
    Pistil
    Ovary shallowly obovoid, 1-1.5 mm. long; stigmas ovate, with a depression at the centre, inappendiculate.
    Fruits
    Fruit greyish, to 4 mm. long, with crown of persistent part of the perianth-tube, cylindrical to conical, 2.5-5 mm. long.
    Figures
    Fig. 2/1-5.
    Habitat
    Amongst leaf-mould on evergreen forest floor; 900-2200 m.
    Distribution
    K7 T3 T6 T7 not known elsewhere

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Tanzania

    Gymnosiphon usambaricus Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Drummond, R.B. [1870], Tanzania 10031.000
    Drummond, R.B. [2567], Tanzania 10032.000
    Drummond, R.B. [3445], Tanzania 10033.000
    Drummond, R.B. [1434], Tanzania 23511.000
    Bally, P.R.O. [8747], Kenya 23512.000
    Polhill, R. [1784], Tanzania 31319.000
    Cribb, P. [11456], Tanzania 40258.000
    Congdon, T.C.E. [158], Tanzania 52331.000

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 20: 138 (1894)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R., Wilkin, P. & Saunders, R.M.K. (2007). World Checklist of Dioscoreales. Yams and their allies: 1-65. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Jonker in Med. Bot. Mus. Rijksuniv. 51: 181 (1938).
    • C.H. Wright in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 12 (1897).
    • Engl. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 151 (1895).
    • Engl. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 20: 138, t. 5/A-L (1894)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0