1. Family: Burseraceae Kunth
    1. Genus: Commiphora Jacq.
      1. Commiphora gileadensis (L.) C.Chr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. Tropical Africa to NE. Kenya, Arabian Peninsula.

    [FTEA]

    Burseraceae, J.B. Gillett. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Shrub 2–4 m. tall; bark dull orange, grey or blackish, peeling in small scrolls or not peeling; exudate clear, with a pungent resinous odour; young twigs 1–1.5 mm. thick, somewhat fluted, brownish pubescent, later glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves puberulous, velvety pubescent or hispidulous throughout, becoming orange-red before being shed, (3–)5–9-foliolate; rhachis up to 35 mm. long, including the 3–10 mm. petiole, winged in its upper part; leaflets usually entire, rarely with undulate margins, the lateral suborbicular, elliptic or elliptic-obovate, rounded or broadly pointed apically, obliquely rounded or broadly pointed basally (the lowest pair smaller than the others, occasionally subalternate), 3–15 mm. long, 3–7 mm. wide; the terminal attenuate at the base but always sessile, (4–)6–17 mm. long, 3–9 mm. wide.
    Flowers
    Male flowers yellow in dense pubescent clusters appearing with the leaves; peduncles and pedicels together under 2 mm. long; bracteoles ± 0.3 mm.
    Male
    Male flowers yellow in dense pubescent clusters appearing with the leaves; peduncles and pedicels together under 2 mm. long; bracteoles ± 0.3 mm.
    Calyx
    Calyx densely pubescent, ± 1.7 mm. wide and 1 mm. deep, including broadly triangular teeth ± 0.2 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Petals usually pubescent outside, ± 1.7 × 0.5 mm.
    Filaments
    Filaments glabrous, 1.3 and 0.9 mm., anthers 0.6 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruits single or paired on stalks 1–2 mm. long, glabrous or sparsely puberulous in parts, dark brown with 4 pale streaks, flattened ovoid or ellipsoid, apiculate, 6–7 × 3–5 × (1 + 1.5–2) mm.; pericarp 4-valved; pseudaril orange-yellow with 4 narrowly triangular lobes, the sutural more than half as long as the facial, that on the sterile longer than that on the fertile locule; stone smooth, ± 4 × 3 × (1 + 2) mm., the sterile narrower than the fertile locule, ridged dorsally near its base.
    Figures
    Fig. 15/13, 14, p. 82.
    Habitat
    Acacia, Commiphora bushland on limestone hills; 800 m.; rainfall ± 230 mm.
    Distribution
    K1

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen

    Commiphora gileadensis (L.) C.Chr. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Gillett, J.B. [12599], Kenya 8928.000
    Gillett, J.B. [4817], Somalia Commiphora gillettii K000425323 Unknown type material
    Ellebeck [2041a] Commiphora albiflora K000425330

    First published in Dansk Bot. Ark. 4(3): 18 (1922)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
    • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0