Skip to main content
This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World.
Pupalia sp.

[FTEA]

Amaranthaceae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1985

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs or subshrubs with entire opposite leaves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a spiciform bracteate thyrse terminal on the stem and branches, each bract subtending a single hermaphrodite flower on each side of which is set a bracteolate modified flower consisting of a number of sharply hooked spines, or, more commonly, each bract containing a hermaphrodite flower subtended by 2 or more such triads each contained within a large bracteole
Morphology General Spines
Spines of modified flowers at first very small, rapidly accrescent, finally disposed in 3 or occasionally more stalked clusters of 5–20 spines in 1–3 ranks, the clusters stellately or occasionally dendroidly set on a common peduncle, subequalling to much exceeding the perianth and serving as a means of distributing the fruit; bracts persistent, finally ± deflexed; entire partial inflorescences falling intact in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth-segments 5
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5; filaments delicate to rather solid, fused at the extreme base on to a fleshy lobed disk-like cup into which the base of the ovary is narrowed; pseudostaminodes absent; anthers bilocular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary with a single pendulous ovule; style slender; stigma capitate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a thin-walled capsule, irregularly ruptured below the firm apex by the developing seed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed oblong-ovoid or ovoid, slightly compressed; endosperm copious.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs or subshrubs with entire, opposite leaves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Sterile flowers at first very small, rapidly accrescent, of 3 or more stalked clusters of uncinate spines which are stellately or dendroidly disposed on a common peduncle, each partial inflorescence falling as a burr in fruit Inflorescences terminal on the stem and branches, spikelike, bracteate, the bracts each subtending a single fertile flower with a modified sterile flower on each side, or more commonly enclosing a partial inflorescence of one fertile flower subtended by two or more such triads
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals 5
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5, fused at the extreme base with no intermediate pseudostaminodes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 1-ovulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style slender, stigma capitate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a thin-walled irregularly rupturing capsule with a firm apex.
Distribution
Four species in the tropics (P. lappacea extending to the subtropics) of the Old World from West Africa to Malaysia and the Philippines.

[FZ]

Amaranthaceae, C. C. Townsend. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs or subshrubs with entire, opposite leaves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a spiciform bracteate thyrse terminal on the stem and branches, each bract subtending a single hermaphrodite flower on each side of which is set a bracteolate modified flower consisting of a number of sharply hooked spines, or, more commonly, each bract containing a hermaphrodite flower sub tended by two or more such triads each contained with a large bracteole.
Morphology General Spines
Spines of modified flowers at first very small, rapidly accrescent, finally disposed in 3 or occasionally more stalked clusters of 5–20 spines in 1–3 ranks, the clusters stellately or occasionally dendroidly set on a common stalk, subequalling to much exceeding the perianth and serving as a means of distributing the fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts persistent, finally more or less deflexed, entire partial inflorescences falling intact in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth segments 5.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium
Stamens 5, the filaments delicate to rather solid, fused at the extreme base on to a fleshy, lobed, disk-like cup into which the base of the ovary is narrowed; pseudostaminodes absent; anthers bilocular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style slender, stigma capitate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary with a single, pendulous ovule.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a thin-walled capsule irregularly ruptured below the firm apex by the developing seed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed oblong-ovoid or ovoid, slightly compressed. Endosperm copious.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, New Guinea, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Socotra, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Taiwan

Pupalia Juss. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Ann. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 2: 132 (1803)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 47.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • in Ann. Mus. Nation. Hist. Nat. Paris 2: 132 (1803) nomen cons.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by C. C. Townsend [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Townsend in Kew Bull. 34: 131–142 (1979).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • C.C. Townsend in K.B. 34: 131–142 (1979), nom. conserv.
  • in Ann. Bus. Hist. Nat. Paris 2: 132 (1803)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
© Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/