1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Andropogon L.
      1. Andropogon leucostachyus Kunth

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical America.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; 40-110 cm long; 0.7-2 mm diam. Culm-internodes solid. Culm-nodes glabrous. Lateral branches sparse. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheaths keeled; glabrous on surface. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 0.7-1.7 mm long. Leaf-blades flat, or conduplicate; 15-32 cm long; 1.5-2.5 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence compound; scanty. Inflorescence composed of racemes; terminal and axillary; subtended by a spatheole. Spatheole linear. Racemes 2-4; paired, or digitate; 2-5.5 cm long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; plumose on surface; plumose on margins. Rhachis hairs lengthening towards internode tip; 5-10 mm long. Rhachis internodes linear; 1.8-2.7 mm long. Rhachis internode tip transverse; cupuliform; with simple rim. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets pedicelled; 1 in the cluster. Pedicels linear; 2.5-3.5 mm long; plumose; with 5-10 mm long hairs.
    Sterile
    Companion sterile spikelets represented by single glumes; linear; 1.1-1.5 mm long; shorter than fertile. Companion sterile spikelet glumes chartaceous; glabrous; acute.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 2-3.5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base obtuse; inserted. Spikelet callus hairs 4-5 mm long. Companion sterile spikelets represented by single glumes; linear; 1.1-1.5 mm long; shorter than fertile. Companion sterile spikelet glumes chartaceous; glabrous; acute.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 2-3.5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded; base obtuse; inserted. Spikelet callus hairs 4-5 mm long.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 2-keeled; keeled laterally. Lower glume intercarinal veins absent. Lower glume surface concave. Upper glume linear; membranous; 1-keeled. Upper glume muticous.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; 1.8-2.6 mm long; hyaline; 2 -veined; ciliate on margins; fringed above. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 1.5-2.5 mm long; hyaline; without keel. Lemma apex entire; acuminate; muticous, or mucronate. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3.
    Distribution
    North America: Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, Caribbean, northern South America, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. Fl Costaric 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles

    Andropogon leucostachyus Kunth appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2009 Zappi, D.C. [1004], Mato Grosso K000579256
    Nov 1, 1977 Klein, R.M. [10057], Brazil K001106184
    Dominican Republic K000632913
    Hinton, G.B. [9461], Guerrero K000476396
    Philcox, D. [3016], Brazil K001106188
    Philcox, D. [4110], Brazil K001106189
    Clayton, W.D. [4752], Brazil K001106128
    Clayton, W.D. [4211], Brazil K001106193
    Clayton, W.D. [4307], Brazil K001106195
    Clayton, W.D. [4222], Brazil K001106196
    Clayton, W.D. [4320], Brazil K001106199
    Hatschbach, G. [45718], Brazil K001106192
    Hatschbach, G. [17704], Brazil K001106194
    Lindeman, J.C. [2], Brazil K001106198
    Argent, G. [6610], Brazil K001106178
    Argent, G. [6451], Brazil K001106180
    Ramos, J. [104], Brazil K001106177
    Reitz [17678], Brazil K001106166
    Silva, M. [112], Brazil K001106175
    Pohl [1144], Brazil K001106154
    Pohl [1141], Brazil K001106155
    Pereira, E. [4672], Brazil K001106174
    Queiroz, L.P. [5450], Brazil K001106172
    Coradin, L. [523], Brazil K001106190
    Bautista, H.P. [599], Brazil K001106183
    Barbosa, E. [1057], Brazil K001106201
    Irwin, H.S. [24722], Brazil K001106112
    Irwin, H.S. [8311], Brazil K001106116
    Irwin, H.S. [5773], Brazil K001106163
    Irwin, H.S. [5958], Brazil K001106164
    Irwin, H.S. [6575], Brazil K001106167
    Eiten, G. [6943], Brazil K001106119
    Eiten, G. [8121], Brazil K001106157
    Wright, C. [289], Cuba K000632912
    Castellanos, A. [25433], Brazil K001106186
    Chase, A. [9997], Brazil K001106210
    Maas, P.J.M. [291], Brazil K001106182
    Sendulsky, T. [1012], Brazil K001106121
    Oldenburger, F.H.F. [1831], Brazil K001106160
    Oldenburger, F.H.F. [1702], Brazil K001106161
    Smith, L.B. [15747], Brazil K001106118
    Smith, L.B. [6105], Brazil K001106176
    Smith, L.B. [7306], Brazil K001106187
    Smith, L.B. [14427], Brazil K001106191
    Smith, L.B. [1555], Brazil K001106213
    Amaral, I.L. [1123], Brazil K001106099
    Ribas, O.S. [600], Brazil K001106173
    Fonseca, M.L. [1242], Brazil K001106171
    Dubs, B. [849], Brazil K001106159
    Conrad, J. [1978], Brazil K001106124
    Conrad, J. [2027], Brazil K001106197
    Widgren [s.n.], Brazil K001106098
    Harris [s.n.], Brazil K001106221
    Lowe, J. [3948], Brazil K001106120
    Goldsmith [[87]], Brazil K001106179
    Guillemin [557], Brazil K001106101
    Klein, R. [2558], Brazil K001106110
    Hoehne, W. [s.n.], Brazil K001106122
    Sellow [1105], Brazil K001106150
    Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K001106151
    Sellow [[1840]], Brazil K001106152
    Kral, R. [75039], Brazil K001106219
    Nascimento, M.S.B. [1221], Brazil K001106102
    Reitz, P.R. [3559], Brazil K001106218
    Prance, G.T. [3450], Brazil K001106113
    Prance, G.T. [4535], Brazil K001106114
    Prance, G.T. [8618], Brazil K001106117
    Prance, G.T. [15261], Brazil K001106181
    Prance, G.T. [7214], Brazil K001106185
    Klein, R.M. [12088], Brazil K001106200
    Mattos, J.R. [8555], Brazil K001106123
    Mimura, I. [21], Brazil K001106127
    Dias-Melo, R. [167], Brazil K001106169
    Dombrowski, L.T. [5558], Brazil K001106202
    Dombrowski, L.T. [1598], Brazil K001106203
    Dombrowski, L.T. [2380], Brazil K001106204
    Dombrowski, L.T. [2178], Brazil K001106206
    Dombrowski, L.T. [2487], Brazil K001106207
    Dombrowski, L.T. [2727], Brazil K001106208
    Dombrowski, L.T. [2877], Brazil K001106209
    Zappi, D.C. [1004], Mato Grosso K000847035
    Regnell, A.F. [III/1384], Brazil K001106107
    Kuniyoshi, Y.S. [1925], Brazil K001106205
    Glaziou, A. [11671], Brazil K001106097
    Glaziou, A. [22382], Brazil K001106106
    Glaziou, A. [22383], Brazil K001106108
    Glaziou, A. [22385], Brazil K001106156
    Glaziou, A. [17388], Brazil K001106212
    Glaziou, A. [15634], Brazil K001106214
    Glaziou, A. [1635], Brazil K001106220
    Eden, M.J. [EM86], Brazil K001106165
    Skvortzov, B. [18], Brazil K001106126
    Jangoux, J. [1805], Brazil K001106104
    Kummorow, R. [168], Brazil K001106223
    Ziller, S.R. [369], Brazil K001106170
    Gardner [853], Brazil K001106103
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001106222
    Burchell [8390], Brazil K001106109
    Burchell [3954], Brazil K001106215
    Burchell [3954], Brazil K001106216
    Burchell [8559-2], Brazil K001106217
    Glaziou [16583], Brazil K001106153
    Glaziou [11671], Brazil K001106211
    Spruce, R. [345], Brazil K001106100
    Barbosa, J. [726], Brazil K001106105
    Calyton, W.D. [4906], Brazil K001106111
    Skortzov, B. [91], Brazil K001106125
    Skortzov, B. [43/C], Brazil K001106162
    Bornschein [69], Brazil K001106115
    Linsinger [70], Brazil K001106158
    Pereria, E. [4672], Brazil K001106168

    First published in F.W.H.von Humboldt, A.J.A.Bonpland & C.S.Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 187 (1816)

    Accepted by

    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0