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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Europe to Central Asia and Pakistan, Macaronesia to N. Africa.
Raphanus sativus (radish)

[FZ]

Cruciferae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

Morphology General Habit
Annual, biennial or perennial herbs with lyrate-pinnatifid, somewhat glaucous leaves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in terminal, ebracteate racemes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals erect.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4, unguiculate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 6.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit jointed, the lowest joint (corresponding to the valves of a typical silique) short, slender, seedless, the upper joints containing the seeds, cylindric or moniliform and usually breaking transversely when ripe into 1-seeded joints, apex narrowed into a seedless beak.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds subspherical or ovoid, reddish-brown, pitted.

[FTEA]

Cruciferae, Bengt Jonsell (University of Stockholm). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

Morphology General Habit
Annual to perennial herbs, ± hispid with simple hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves lyrate-pinnatipartite to pinnatifid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes terminal, ebracteate, ± corymbiform, with many rather large flowers, in fruit elongate, lax
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals erect, the inner larger and somewhat saccate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals white, yellow or ± violet, clawed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 6; filaments linear; anthers linear, obtuse
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Nectaries
Lateral nectaries very small, median semiglobose or filiform
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary biarticulate; lower segment very short, upper segment long with 2–20 ovules; stigma capitate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a transversely articulate siliqua; lower segment usually stalk-like, very short, seedless; upper segment indehiscent, cylindrical, in transverse section circular, ± constricted between the seeds, sometimes lomentaceous (i.e. breaking up into 1-seeded portions); beak narrow, seedless
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovoid to globose, reticulate to smooth.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Central European Rus, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Morocco, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Amur, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Buryatiya, California, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Crozet Is., Cuba, Delaware, District of Columbia, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, Free State, Galápagos, Georgia, Gilbert Is., Greenland, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Irkutsk, Jawa, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazan-retto, Kentucky, Kenya, Kerguelen, Khabarovsk, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Kuril Is., Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Labrador, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Louisiana, Magadan, Maine, Manchuria, Manitoba, Marianas, Marshall Is., Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nepal, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, Nicobar Is., North Carolina, North Dakota, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Oregon, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Qinghai, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Rwanda, Réunion, Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, South Australia, South Carolina, South Dakota, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Sudan, Sumatera, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Tibet, Tristan da Cunha, Turkmenistan, Uruguay, Utah, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, Wake I., Washington, West Virginia, Western Australia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Zimbabwe

Raphanus L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 669 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 300 (1754).
  • Sp. Pl. 2: 669 (1753)

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 300 (1754)
  • O.E. Schulz in E.P. IV. 105, 70: 194–210 (1919)
  • Sp. Pl.: 669 (1753)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0