1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Isachne R.Br.
      1. Isachne ligulata Swallen

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. & N. South America.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 1500 - 3000 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms rambling; 60-200 cm long; rooting from lower nodes. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 10-15 cm long; 6-12 mm wide. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; dense; 6-8 cm long; with spikelets clustered towards branch tips. Primary panicle branches profusely divided. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong, or orbicular; dorsally compressed; obtuse; 1.7-2 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating above glumes but not between florets.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong, or orbicular; dorsally compressed; obtuse; 1.7-2 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating above glumes but not between florets.
    Glume
    Glumes deciduous; similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.66 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume ovate; 0.75 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Fertile florets with the lowest dissimilar. Lowest fertile lemma bisexual; elliptic; 1.7-2 mm long; thinner than adjacent lemma. Fertile lemma orbicular; 1.4-1.7 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea indurate; 2 -veined.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    South America: northern South America and western South America.
    Reference
    Isachneae. WDC 1994.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia, Guyana, Peru, Venezuela

    Isachne ligulata Swallen appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Caldasia 2: 305 (1943)

    Accepted by

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0