1. Family: Bignoniaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Jacaranda Juss.
      1. Jacaranda mimosifolia D.Don

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Bolivia to NW Argentina.

    [FTEA]

    Bignoniaceae, Sally Bidgood, Bernard Verdcourt, Kaj Vollesen. Cobaeaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2006

    Habit
    Tree up to 15 m or occasionally a shrub 2.5–3 m tall.
    Leaves
    Leaves bipinnate with 13–31 pinnae each with 13–41 sessile leaflets which are elliptic or oblong-elliptic, 3–12 × 1–4 mm, but terminal leaflet can be up to 25 × 7 mm.
    Rachis
    Rachis unwinged.
    Flowers
    Flowers in terminal panicles.
    Calyx
    Calyx campanulate, 3–4 mm long with teeth ± 1 mm long.
    Corolla
    Corolla purplish blue or lilac, the tube white inside, basal part almost straight, upper part funnel shaped, 3–4 cm long with lobes 3–8 mm long.
    Fruits
    Fruit round, 3.2–6 × 3.7–6 cm, strongly compressed, woody.
    Seeds
    Seeds including the surrounding wing 9–17 × 11–17 mm.
    Figures
    Fig. 6.8–6.11, p. 27.
    Note
    Williams in U.O.P.Z.: 313 mentions J. caerulea (L.) Griseb. Stating ‘there are a number of young trees in Zanzibar town which have flowered but sparingly’. There is nothing in the information given to suggest this is a correct identification. A native of the West Indies, J. caerulea differs widely from J. mimosifolia in its oblongelliptic, ± obtuse leaflets (0.5–)1–2 × (0.3–)0.5–1 cm and more elliptic fruit. It is, however possible that the original determination is correct since it is likely a West Indian species would be thought to be more suited to Zanzibar climate than J. mimosifolia but there is no record of it being cultivated anywhere outside America.
    [FTEA]
    Use
    Widely cultivated in East Africa in gardens and as a street tree.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northwest, Bolivia

    Introduced into:

    Argentina Northeast, Bangladesh, Canary Is., Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., Ecuador, Gabon, Gambia, Haiti, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Madeira, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southwest, Puerto Rico, Spain, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

    Jacaranda mimosifolia D.Don appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1963 Angeli, C. [1963], Brazil K000991832
    Rambo [29397], Brazil K000991833
    [] [s.n.] K000449862

    First published in Bot. Reg. 8: t. 631 (1822)

    Accepted by

    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Galanos, C.J. (2015). The alien flora of terrestrial and marine ecosystems of Rodos island (SE Aegean), Greece Willdenowia 45: 261-278.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Verloove, Fl. & Reyes-Betancort, J.A. (2011). Additions to the flora of Tenerife (Canary islands, Spain) Collectanea Botanica 30: 63-78.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2009). Nova silva cusatlantica. Árboles nativos e introduciados de El Salvador. Parte 1: Angiospermae - Familias A a L Englera 29-1: 1-438.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Wagner, W.L., Herbst, D.R. & Sohmer, S.H. (1999). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i, rev. ed., 1: 1-988. University of Hawai'i Press, Bishop Museum Press.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Gentry, A.H (1992). Bignoniaceae-Part II (Tribe Tecomeae) Flora Neotropica, Monograph 25(II): 1-370.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Galanos, C.J. (2015). The alien flora of terrestrial and marine ecosystems of Rodos island (SE Aegean), Greece Willdenowia 45: 261-278.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Verloove, Fl. & Reyes-Betancort, J.A. (2011). Additions to the flora of Tenerife (Canary islands, Spain) Collectanea Botanica 30: 63-78.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Gentry, A.H (1992). Bignoniaceae-Part II (Tribe Tecomeae) Flora Neotropica, Monograph 25(II): 1-370.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Gentry, A.H. (1982). Bignoniaceae Flora de Veracruz 24: 1-222. Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones sobre Recursos Bióticos, Xalapa, Veracruz.
    • Gentry, A.H. (1977). Bignoniaceae Flora of Ecuador 7: 1-172. Botanical Institute, University of Göteborg, Riksmuseum, Stockholm.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Som. 3: 307, fig. 212 (2006)
    • F.A.C. Bignoniaceae: 34 (1977)
    • E. Afr. ed. 4, p. 331 (1957) as J. ovalifolia R.Br.
    • E. Afr. ed. 4, pp. 116, 355 (1957) as J. mimosaefolia
    • Dale, List. Introd. Trees Uganda: 46 (1953)
    • T.T.C.L.: 70 (1949)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0