1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Jouvea E.Fourn.
      1. Jouvea pilosa (J.Presl) Scribn.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Central America.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; mat forming. Stolons present. Culms prostrate; 20-40 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades persistent; 5-15 cm long; 2-4 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade surface ribbed.
    Inflorescences
    Dioecious. Synflorescence compound; fasciculate. Inflorescence comprising only a few spikelets; comprising 1 fertile spikelets; terminal and axillary; subtended by a spatheole; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Spikelets solitary. Male inflorescence unlike female; a single raceme (in upper axils). Male spikelets distinct from female (lemmas free); 5-30 flowered; 15-40 mm long. Male spikelet glumes 1. Male spikelet lemma 3 -veined.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2-5 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear; thorn-like; curved; subterete; 20-40 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus cuneate; base obtuse. Rhachilla internodes terete; spongy and fused to embedded lemmas.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2-5 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear; thorn-like; curved; subterete; 20-40 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus cuneate; base obtuse. Rhachilla internodes terete; spongy and fused to embedded lemmas.
    Glume
    Glumes both absent or obscure.
    Florets
    Fertile florets female. Fertile lemma linear; 8-11 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 5-7 -veined. Lemma margins closed except for an apical pore; covering most of palea (embracing it). Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid. Palea hyaline; 0 -veined; without keels. Rhachilla extension glabrous (pungent).
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2; terminally exserted.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; linear.
    Male
    Male inflorescence unlike female; a single raceme (in upper axils). Male spikelets distinct from female (lemmas free); 5-30 flowered; 15-40 mm long. Male spikelet glumes 1. Male spikelet lemma 3 -veined.
    Distribution
    North America: Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. Pohl.
    Diagnostic
    Stolons thick, buried, their internodes 2-6cm; leaf-sheaths more than 0.33 of internode.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua

    Jouvea pilosa (J.Presl) Scribn. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Liebmann [37], Mexico K000308724
    Liebmann [480], Mexico K000308725
    Liebmann [22], Mexico K000308726

    First published in Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 23: 143 (1896)

    Accepted by

    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Levin, G.A. & Moran, R. (1989). The vascular flora of isla Socorro, Mexico: 1-71. Dept. of Botany, San Diego Natural History Museum, San Diego.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Levin, G.A. & Moran, R. (1989). The vascular flora of isla Socorro, Mexico: 1-71. Dept. of Botany, San Diego Natural History Museum, San Diego.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0