1. Family: Cucurbitaceae Juss.
    1. Corallocarpus Welw. ex Hook.f.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Comoros, Madagascar, Arabian Peninsula to India.

    [FZ]

    Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Prostrate or usually scandent herbs; stems arising from a perennial tuberous rootstock, eventually becoming softly more or less woody at the base.
    Leaves
    Leaves simple, petiolate.
    Tendrils
    Tendrils simple.
    Flowers
    Female flowers axillary, solitary or fasciculate; ovary smooth, glabrous or puberulous; ovules few to several, horizontal; perianth as in male flowers; staminodes, when present, 5; stigma 2(3)-lobed. Male flowers few to many in subsessile or pedunculate subcapitate to racemiform usually congested axillary clusters. Receptacle-tube campanulate; lobes small. Corolla-lobes 5, united below. Stamens 5, all 1-thecous, in 2 pairs with one single, or 3, 2 double 2-thecous, 1 single 1-thecous, the double stamens ± 2-lobed; filaments short, inserted in the mouth of the receptacle-tube; thecae short, straight, lateral. Flowers small, yellowish, monoecious.
    Fruits
    Fruits solitary or fasciculate, small, succulent, ovoid or ellipsoid, often rostrate, red, circumscissile near the persistent greenish cupuliform base.
    Seeds
    Seeds asymmetrically ovoid or pyriform, rarely subglobose, small.
    [FTEA]

    Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1967

    Habit
    Small to medium-sized climbing or trailing tuberous-rooted perennial herbs
    Leaves
    Leaves simple; blade broadly ovate- or reniform-cordate in outline, palmately lobed, sometimes rather finely dissected
    Tendrils
    Tendrils simple
    Flowers
    Flowers small, dull- or greenish-yellow, monoecious Female flowers solitary or fasciculate, subsessile, often coaxillary with ♂; ovary smooth, glabrous or hairy; ovules few to many, horizontal; perianth as in ♂; staminodes when present 5, subulate, inserted in mouth of tube; stigmas 2(–3)-lobed; disk basal, obscure, not distinct from base of tube Male flowers in few- to many-flowered subcapitate to somewhat elongated usually fairly dense pedunculate racemes sometimes produced at the nodes on contracted ± leafless branches; receptacle-tube campanulate; lobes small; petals united at the base; stamens 5, all 1-thecous, in 2 pairs with 1 single, inserted in mouth of tube, or the paired stamens ± united, when completely so then the stamens appearing as 3, 2 double 2-thecous, 1 single 1-thecous, the double stamens then often ± bilobed; filaments short; thecae short, straight, lateral; disk basal, fused to base of tube
    Male
    Male flowers in few- to many-flowered subcapitate to somewhat elongated usually fairly dense pedunculate racemes sometimes produced at the nodes on contracted ± leafless branches; receptacle-tube campanulate; lobes small; petals united at the base; stamens 5, all 1-thecous, in 2 pairs with 1 single, inserted in mouth of tube, or the paired stamens ± united, when completely so then the stamens appearing as 3, 2 double 2-thecous, 1 single 1-thecous, the double stamens then often ± bilobed; filaments short; thecae short, straight, lateral; disk basal, fused to base of tube
    Female
    Female flowers solitary or fasciculate, subsessile, often coaxillary with ♂; ovary smooth, glabrous or hairy; ovules few to many, horizontal; perianth as in ♂; staminodes when present 5, subulate, inserted in mouth of tube; stigmas 2(–3)-lobed; disk basal, obscure, not distinct from base of tube
    Fruits
    Fruit a small red ovoid or ellipsoid often apically beaked berry, the basal part green, stalk-like, and expanded into a cup from which the upper red portion separates in an operculate manner at maturity
    Seeds
    Seeds small, asymmetrically pyriform or rarely subglobose
    Figures
    Fig. 24, p. 140.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Assam, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gulf States, India, Iran, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Corallocarpus Welw. ex Hook.f. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in G.Bentham & J.D.Hooker, Gen. Pl. 1: 831 (1867)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Benth. & Hook., Gen. Pl. 1: 831 (1867).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • in G.P. 1: 831 (1867)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0