1. Family: Cucurbitaceae Juss.
    1. Gerrardanthus Harv. ex Benth. & Hook.f.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1967

    Habit
    Medium to rather large usually tuberous-rooted climbers, with the stems becoming somewhat woody when old
    Leaves
    Leaves simple; blade ovate-cordate in outline, unlobed or palmately 3–5-lobed
    Tendrils
    Tendrils apically bifid
    Flowers
    Flowers rather small, yellowish- or brownish-orange, dioecious, practically regular to strongly zygomorphic Female flowers in rather few-flowered panicles; ovary trigonous; ovules several, pendulous; perianth as in ♂ flowers; styles 3 Male flowers in few- to many-flowered panicles; receptacle-tube shallow, saucer-shaped; lobes small, dentiform; petals 5, usually somewhat unequal; stamens 5, all 1-thecous, in 2 pairs with 1 single, the single stamen usually reduced to a staminode; anthers of paired stamens adpressed to one another; connective apically appendaged; thecae short, straight
    Male
    Male flowers in few- to many-flowered panicles; receptacle-tube shallow, saucer-shaped; lobes small, dentiform; petals 5, usually somewhat unequal; stamens 5, all 1-thecous, in 2 pairs with 1 single, the single stamen usually reduced to a staminode; anthers of paired stamens adpressed to one another; connective apically appendaged; thecae short, straight
    Female
    Female flowers in rather few-flowered panicles; ovary trigonous; ovules several, pendulous; perianth as in ♂ flowers; styles 3
    Fruits
    Fruit a flask-shaped trigonous pendulous capsule, dry, brownish and opening by an apical triradiate slit when ripe
    Seeds
    Seeds fusiform, with a large membranous wing.
    Figures
    Fig. 25, p. 146.
    Distribution
    Three species in tropical Africa, two in South Africa.
    [FZ]

    Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Scandent herbs, stems becoming woody when old, usually arising from perennial tuberous rootstock.
    Leaves
    Leaves simple, petiolate.
    Tendrils
    Tendrils apically 2-fid.
    Flowers
    female flowers solitary or few-fasciculate; ovary trigonous; ovules several, pendulous; perianth similar to that of male flowers; styles 3. Male flowers in paniculoid axillary fascicles. Receptacle-tube broad, shallow, lobes small. Petals 5, free, unequal. Stamens 4, all 1-thecous, in 2 pairs united by their anthers; fifth stamen reduced to a subulate staminode; filaments inserted on receptacle-tube; connective apically ± produced; thecae short, straight. Flowers small, brownish, dioecious, ± zygomorphic.
    Fruits
    Fruit an obconic-cylindric, trigonous capsule, dry, brownish, dehiscent by an apical triradiate slit.
    Seeds
    Seeds elongated, narrow, with an apical membraneous wing.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

    Gerrardanthus Harv. ex Benth. & Hook.f. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Gen. Pl. 1: 840 (1867)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 2: 519, as Atheranthera Mast.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Benth. & Hook., Gen. Pl. 1: 840 (1867).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • in G.P. 1: 840 (1867)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0