1. Family: Acanthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Justicia L.
      1. Justicia spicigera Schltdl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Colombia, Bahamas to Hispaniola.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca Acanthaceae (part 2) by Iain Darbyshire, Kaj Vollesen and Ensermu Kelbessa

    Habit
    Shrubby herb to 1 m; cystoliths present.
    Leaves
    Leaves ovate to elliptic, apex acute, base attenuate.
    Flowers
    Flowers in open axillary cymes from upper axils; bracts and bracteoles minute.
    Calyx
    Calyx deeply divided into 5 linear glabrous lobes to 2 mm long.
    Corolla
    Corolla orange to orange-red or mauve to pink, to 5 cm long (along upper lip), with slightly hooded 2-lobed upper lip and recoiled 3-lobed lower lip.
    Stamens
    Stamens 2, held under upper lip; anthers bithecous with thecae almost at same height, lower theca apiculate.
    Distribution
    Native of Central and South America. Widely cultivated in the Old World tropics.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bahamas, Belize, Colombia, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest

    Introduced into:

    Trinidad-Tobago

    Justicia spicigera Schltdl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2015 Liebmann [s.n.], Veracruz K000529139 syntype
    Jan 1, 2015 [Liebmann] [s.n.], Veracruz K000064680 syntype
    Jan 1, 1994 Peck, M.E. [430], Belize K000529132 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1994 Liebmann [s.n.], Veracruz K000529351 isosyntype
    Jan 1, 1994 [Liebmann] [s.n.], Mexico K000064689 isosyntype
    Jan 1, 1978 Linden, J. [185], Chiapas K000064755 syntype
    Jan 1, 1978 Hartweg, C.T. [69], Mexico K000064754 holotype
    Nov 2, 1936 Hinton, G.B. [3714], Mexico K000064748
    Bourgeau, E. [2239], Mexico K000064753
    Bourgeau, M. [2239], Mexico K000064750
    Langlassé, E. [926], Mexico K000064752
    Schaffner, J.G. [112], Mexico K000064751
    Ervendberg, L.C. [333], Mexico K000064756
    Martínez S., E. [26412-A], Mexico K000064747
    Nov 7, 1936 Hinton, G.B. [340], Mexico Jacobinia spicigera K000064749

    First published in Linnaea 7: 395 (1832)

    Accepted by

    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Balick, M. J., M. H. Nee & D.E. Atha (2000). Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 85: 1-246.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • —Darbyshire et al. in F.T.E.A., Acanthaceae 2: 731 (2010).
    • —Maroyi in Kirkia 18: 194 (2006).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • GBIF (2008-continuously updated). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Balick, M. J., M. H. Nee & D.E. Atha (2000). Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 85: 1-246.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0