1. Family: Cucurbitaceae Juss.
    1. Kedrostis Medik.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Africa and Asia-Temperate..

    [FZ]

    Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Prostrate or scandent herbs with tuberous rootstock.
    Leaves
    Leaves simple, petiolate.
    Tendrils
    Tendrils simple or 2-fid.
    Flowers
    Female flowers axillary, solitary; ovary smooth, glabrous or variously pubescent; ovules few to many, horizontal; perianth as in male flowers; staminodes 3–5, small, inserted in mouth of tube; stigma 2-lobed. Male flowers few to many in axillary racemes or fascicles, usually pedunculate. Receptacle-tube campanulate, lobes usually small. Corolla-lobes 5, united below. Stamens 5, all 1-thecous, in 2 pairs with one single, or 3, with the paired stamens ± united, 2 double 2-thecous, 1 single 1-thecous; filaments short, inserted in mouth of receptacle-tube; thecae short, straight or arcuate, lateral. Flowers small, yellowish, monoecious.
    Fruits
    Fruits solitary, small to medium-sized, succulent, cylindrical-fusiform to globose, often rostrate, red, indehiscent or dehiscent by a longitudinal slit.
    Seeds
    Seeds asymmetrically ovoid or subglobose, small.
    [FTEA]

    Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1967

    Habit
    Small to medium-sized climbing or trailing herbs, less often rather large woody climbers or more rarely subshrubs
    Leaves
    Leaves usually simple, ovate-lanceolate or hastate to suborbicular in outline, ± palmately lobed, sometimes deeply dissected into narrow segments, rarely 3-foliolate with sessile leaflets
    Tendrils
    Tendrils simple, less often proximally bifid, rarely absent
    Flowers
    Flowers small, greenish-white, greenish-yellow or yellow, monoecious or dioecious Female flowers solitary, paired or few-fasciculate, subsessile or ± shortly stalked; ovary smooth; ovules horizontal; perianth as in ♂ flower; staminodes (3–)5, inserted in mouth of tube; stigma 2(–3)-lobed; disk basal, annular, not distinct from base of tube Male flowers in few- to many-flowered lax or contracted short- to long-pedunculate racemes, more rarely in short dense fascicles, pedicellate; receptacle-tube campanulate; lobes ± small, dentiform, filiform or lanceolate; petals united at the base; stamens 5, all 1-thecous, in 2 pairs with 1 single, inserted in the mouth of the tube, or the paired stamens ± united, when completely so the stamens appearing as 3, 2 double 2-thecous, 1 single 1-thecous; filaments short; connective often apically produced; thecae lateral, short, straight or slightly arcuate; disk basal, usually concave, not distinct from base of tube
    Male
    Male flowers in few- to many-flowered lax or contracted short- to long-pedunculate racemes, more rarely in short dense fascicles, pedicellate; receptacle-tube campanulate; lobes ± small, dentiform, filiform or lanceolate; petals united at the base; stamens 5, all 1-thecous, in 2 pairs with 1 single, inserted in the mouth of the tube, or the paired stamens ± united, when completely so the stamens appearing as 3, 2 double 2-thecous, 1 single 1-thecous; filaments short; connective often apically produced; thecae lateral, short, straight or slightly arcuate; disk basal, usually concave, not distinct from base of tube
    Female
    Female flowers solitary, paired or few-fasciculate, subsessile or ± shortly stalked; ovary smooth; ovules horizontal; perianth as in ♂ flower; staminodes (3–)5, inserted in mouth of tube; stigma 2(–3)-lobed; disk basal, annular, not distinct from base of tube
    Fruits
    Fruits solitary, paired or few-fasciculate, subsessile or stalked, small to medium-sized, fleshy, baccate, red, sometimes hairy, subglobose, ovoid-rostrate, conical or fusiform, indehiscent or dehiscent by a longitudinal slit or valves
    Seeds
    Seeds rather small, tumid, asymmetrically pyriform to subglobose, usually smooth
    Figures
    Fig. 23, p. 132.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Ghana, India, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Bangladesh, Pakistan, Suriname

    Kedrostis Medik. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Staatswirthschaftl. Vorles. Churpfälz. Phys.-Ökon. Ges. Heidelberg 1: 229 (1791)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 2: 563, as Rhynchocarpa Schrad.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Phil. Bot. 2: 69 (1791).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Phil. Bot. 2: 69 (1791)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0