1. Family: Cucurbitaceae Juss.
    1. Telfairia Hook.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Africa..

    [FTEA]

    Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1967

    Habit
    Large lianes
    Leaves
    Leaves pedately 3–7-foliolate; median leaflet largest
    Tendrils
    Tendrils proximally bifid
    Bracts
    Probracts present
    Flowers
    Flowers large, purplish, dioecious Female flowers solitary, larger than male; ovary ribbed; ovules many, horizontal; stigma 3-lobed Male flowers many, racemose; receptacle-tube short, broad; lobes toothed; petals 5, free, fringed; stamens 5 (all 2-thecous, 4 in two pairs with 1 single), free, or the paired stamens ± united, when completely so then stamens 3 (two 4-thecous, one 2-thecous); filaments inserted halfway up the tube; thecae straight or slightly arcuate
    Male
    Male flowers many, racemose; receptacle-tube short, broad; lobes toothed; petals 5, free, fringed; stamens 5 (all 2-thecous, 4 in two pairs with 1 single), free, or the paired stamens ± united, when completely so then stamens 3 (two 4-thecous, one 2-thecous); filaments inserted halfway up the tube; thecae straight or slightly arcuate
    Female
    Female flowers solitary, larger than male; ovary ribbed; ovules many, horizontal; stigma 3-lobed
    Fruits
    Fruit very large, fleshy, ribbed, many-seeded, dehiscing by 10 longitudinal valves
    Seeds
    Seeds large, broadly ovate or suborbicular in outline, compressed, often enclosed in a fibrous sheath derived from the endocarp
    Figures
    Fig. 1.
    [FZ]

    Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Lianes.
    Leaves
    Leaves pedately 3–7-foliolate.
    Tendrils
    Tendrils proximally bifid.
    Bracts
    Probracts present.
    Flowers
    Flowers large, purplish, dioecious. Female flowers solitary; perianth similar to that of male flower; ovary ribbed; ovules many, horizontal; stigma 3-lobed. Male flowers many, racemose. Receptacle-tube short, broad; lobes dentate. Petals 5, free, fringed with filaments. Stamens 5 or 3, if 5, then all 2-thecous, if 3, then two 4-thecous, one 2-thecous, free; filaments inserted on the receptacle-tube; thecae straight or slightly arcuate.
    Fruits
    Fruit very large, fleshy, ribbed, many-seeded, tardily dehiscent by 10 longitudinal valves.
    Seeds
    Seeds large, broadly ovate or suborbicular in outline, compressed, enclosed in a fibrous endocarpic sheath.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Comoros, Congo, Gabon, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Liberia, Madagascar, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Mauritius, Zambia

    Telfairia Hook. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bot. Mag. 54: t. 2751 (1827)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 2: 523.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Curtis, Bot. Mag. 54: t. 2751 & 2752 (1827).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • in Bot. Mag. 54, t. 2751 & 2752 (1 July 1827)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0