1. Family: Cucurbitaceae Juss.
    1. Zehneria Endl.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Africa, Pacific, Australasia and Asia-Temperate..

    [FTEA]

    Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1967

    Habit
    Small to medium-sized climbers; stems herbaceous, sometimes becoming, when old, thickened, woody and rough-barked at the base, rarely all soon woody with smooth papery bark
    Leaves
    Leaves simple, petiolate; blade ovate-cordate, triangular or hastate, often palmately lobed, rarely ± succulent
    Tendrils
    Tendrils simple
    Flowers
    Flowers small, usually white becoming yellowish with age, monoecious or dioecious Female flowers solitary or in few- to many-flowered sessile or pedunculate shortly racemiform, umbelliform or rarely laxly racemiform clusters, shortly to fairly long pedicellate, sometimes coaxillary with ♂; ovary subglobose to fusiform, smooth, usually glabrous; ovules few to many, horizontal; perianth as in ♂ flower; staminodes 3, usually present; disk prominent, annular, free from receptacle-tube, surrounding base of style, rarely obscure and connate with tube; stigma (2–)3-lobed Male flowers solitary, paired or few to many in sessile or pedunculate racemiform or subumbelliform clusters, pedicellate; receptacle-tube campanulate; lobes small, dentiform; petals small, united at the base; stamens (2–)3(–4), all 2-thecous, either with short arcuate thecae and rather long often hairy filaments inserted in the lower half of the tube, or subsessile on about the middle of the tube with straight subparallel thecae and apically produced connective; disk elevated, free from tube, prominent, very rarely absent
    Male
    Male flowers solitary, paired or few to many in sessile or pedunculate racemiform or subumbelliform clusters, pedicellate; receptacle-tube campanulate; lobes small, dentiform; petals small, united at the base; stamens (2–)3(–4), all 2-thecous, either with short arcuate thecae and rather long often hairy filaments inserted in the lower half of the tube, or subsessile on about the middle of the tube with straight subparallel thecae and apically produced connective; disk elevated, free from tube, prominent, very rarely absent
    Female
    Female flowers solitary or in few- to many-flowered sessile or pedunculate shortly racemiform, umbelliform or rarely laxly racemiform clusters, shortly to fairly long pedicellate, sometimes coaxillary with ♂; ovary subglobose to fusiform, smooth, usually glabrous; ovules few to many, horizontal; perianth as in ♂ flower; staminodes 3, usually present; disk prominent, annular, free from receptacle-tube, surrounding base of style, rarely obscure and connate with tube; stigma (2–)3-lobed
    Fruits
    Fruits solitary or clustered, globose to fusiform, small, baccate, red or rarely whitish, smooth, sometimes ± punctate when dry
    Seeds
    Seeds small, elliptic to broadly ovate in outline, lenticular, compressed, with an obscure or sometimes distinct border, narrow or sometimes rather thick grooved edges and a smooth or rarely scrobiculate sometimes depressed convex disk
    Figures
    Fig. 21, p. 120.
    [FZ]

    Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Scandent herbs; stems arising from a somewhat thickened perennial rootstock, eventually becoming more or less woody at the base.
    Leaves
    Leaves simple, petiolate.
    Tendrils
    Tendrils simple.
    Disc
    Disk basal, elevated, free from the receptacle-tube.
    Flowers
    Female flowers solitary, in monoecious species usually co-axillary with male, or few to many in sessile or pedunculate subumbelliform or rarely racemiform axillary clusters, pedicellate; ovary subglobose to fusiform, smooth, glabrous or shortly pubescent; ovules few to many, horizontal; perianth as in male flower; staminodes often present, usually 3; disk annular, surrounding base of style; stigma (2)3-lobed. Male flowers solitary or few to many in sessile or pedunculate racemiform or subumbelli-form axillary clusters, pedicellate. Receptacle-tube campanulate, lobes small, dentiform. Corolla-lobes 5, united below. Stamens 3 or 2, rarely 4, all 2-thecous; filaments very short, inserted on the middle of the receptacle-tube, or elongated and often hairy, inserted on the base of the receptacle-tube; connective shortly produced; thecae straight or slightly arcuate. Flowers small to very small, monoecious or dioecious.
    Fruits
    Fruits solitary or clustered, small, baccate, globose to fusiform, smooth, usually red and glabrous when mature.
    Seeds
    Seeds ovate or elliptic in outline, compressed, with narrow or sometimes prominent margins and usually smooth, convex, sometimes depressed disk.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Borneo, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, Christmas I., Congo, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Free State, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Marianas, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Philippines, Queensland, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Zehneria Endl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 1, 2006 Luke, W.R.Q. [10285], Kenya K001082326
    Gilbert, M.G. [5763], Kenya K000495057

    First published in Prodr. Fl. Norfolk.: 69 (1833)

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Prodr. Fl. Norfolk I.: 69 (1833).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Prodr. El. Norfolk I.: 69 (1833)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0