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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.
Encephalartos altensteinii (Eastern Cape giant cycad)

[FTEA]

Gymnospermae, R. Melville. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1958

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or trees with erect or prostrate, rarely branched, trunks clothed with woody leaf bases
Morphology Leaves
Leaves, oblong to linear; leaflets linear-lanceolate to ovate or oblong-lanceolate, with many parallel nerves, spine tipped and more or less spiny toothed, rarely entire, the lowermost often reduced to spines, straight in the bud
sex Male
Male cones stalked, 1–several, of closely imbricate scales with subpeltate apex (bulla) and a limb closely covered below with ellipsoid pollen sacs
Morphology Reproductive morphology Cones
Female cones nearly sessile; cone-scales with a peltate to subreniform head (bulla), variously faceted and sculptured, bearing a large inverted ovule on either side of the slender quadrangular stalk Male cones stalked, 1–several, of closely imbricate scales with subpeltate apex (bulla) and a limb closely covered below with ellipsoid pollen sacs
sex Female
Female cones nearly sessile; cone-scales with a peltate to subreniform head (bulla), variously faceted and sculptured, bearing a large inverted ovule on either side of the slender quadrangular stalk
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ellipsoid or oblong, often angular by compression.

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Ghana, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Encephalartos Lehm. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Drummond [1372], Tanzania 22041.000
Uganda 34694.000

First published in Nov. Stirp. Pug. 6: 3 (1834)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 6, 2: 346.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Pugill. Pl. 6 : 3 (1834)

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0