1. Family: Zamiaceae Horan.
    1. Encephalartos Lehm.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Gymnospermae, R. Melville. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1958

    Habit
    Shrubs or trees with erect or prostrate, rarely branched, trunks clothed with woody leaf bases
    Leaves
    Leaves, oblong to linear; leaflets linear-lanceolate to ovate or oblong-lanceolate, with many parallel nerves, spine tipped and more or less spiny toothed, rarely entire, the lowermost often reduced to spines, straight in the bud
    Male
    Male cones stalked, 1–several, of closely imbricate scales with subpeltate apex (bulla) and a limb closely covered below with ellipsoid pollen sacs
    Cones
    Female cones nearly sessile; cone-scales with a peltate to subreniform head (bulla), variously faceted and sculptured, bearing a large inverted ovule on either side of the slender quadrangular stalk Male cones stalked, 1–several, of closely imbricate scales with subpeltate apex (bulla) and a limb closely covered below with ellipsoid pollen sacs
    Female
    Female cones nearly sessile; cone-scales with a peltate to subreniform head (bulla), variously faceted and sculptured, bearing a large inverted ovule on either side of the slender quadrangular stalk
    Seeds
    Seeds ellipsoid or oblong, often angular by compression.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Ghana, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Encephalartos Lehm. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Uganda 34694.000
    Drummond [1372], Tanzania 22041.000

    First published in Nov. Stirp. Pug. 6: 3 (1834)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 6, 2: 346.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Pugill. Pl. 6 : 3 (1834)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0