1. Family: Cyperaceae Juss.
    1. Coleochloa Gilly

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar.

    [FTEA]

    Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

    Habit
    Perennial herbs, tufted or cushion-forming, with branched rhizome
    Culms
    Culms scapose or nearly so, compressed below, sometimes subcylindric
    Leaves
    Leaves distichous.
    Leaf sheaths
    Sheaths persistent, ligule a line of hairs; blades deciduous
    Bracts
    Involucral bracts leaf-like
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence paniculate with clusters of spikelets on peduncles emerging from the axils of the leaves up the culm. Spikes several to many in axillary and terminal, bracteate, peduncled fascicles, or these rarely (C. virgata) in sessile clusters, composed of several–many unisexual and bisexual spikelets
    Bracteoles
    Bracteoles glume-like, embracing or shortly sheathing at the base, aristate
    Spikelets
    Spikelets male or bisexual, composed of 4–5 distichous glumes, lower 2 empty and small, the upper 2–3 subtending male flowers, or 1–2 female and 1–2 male flowers
    Flowers
    Female flower parts loosely surrounded by a trigonous, sac-like membranous utricle. Male flower with 3 stamens (not always visible)
    Ovary
    Ovary basal.
    Style
    Style situated in the upper beak-like portion of the utricle.
    Stigma
    Stigmas 3, exserted
    Perianth
    Perianth apically reduced to tufts of erect, hair-like structures surrounding the base of the utricle
    Fruits
    Nutlet subcylindric or compressedtrigonous, long-beaked.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Cameroon, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Coleochloa Gilly appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Rehmann, A. [4469], South Africa Eriospora K000363533

    First published in Brittonia 5: 12 (1943)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Nelmes in Kew Bull. 8: 374 (1953).
    • in Brittonia 5: 12 (1943)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • K.B. 8: 374 (1953)
    • Brittonia 5: 12 (1943)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0