1. Family: Brassicaceae Burnett
    1. Genus: Lepidium L.
      1. Lepidium sativum L.

        This species is accepted, and is native to Europe, Egypt and Asia-Temperate..

    [FTEA]

    Cruciferae, Bengt Jonsell (University of Stockholm). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1982

    Habit
    Annual herb with fine taproot.
    Stem
    Stem up to 70 cm. high, erect, simple to much branched, glabrous or with very scattered minute hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves petioled, very sparsely pubescent, up to 10 cm. long, pinnati- or bipinnatipartite, with 2–4 pairs of lateral lobes; lobes linear, lanceolate or oblanceolate (in lower leaves even obovate), up to 3 cm. long; uppermost leaves sometimes simple, serrate.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes terminal, with comparatively conspicuous whitish flowers, in fruit lax, up to 25 cm. long; pedicels in fruit 3–6 mm. long, ascending to almost erect, straight, glabrous.
    Calyx
    Sepals green with membranous margins, elliptic, 1–1.5 mm. long, with scattered fine hairs.
    Corolla
    Petals white or violet, spathulate to slightly clawed, with rounded apex, 1.7–3 mm. long.
    Stamens
    Stamens with a single small nectarial gland between each of them.
    Ovary
    Ovary elliptic, emarginate, with projecting style.
    Fruits
    Siliculae elliptic in outline, 4.5–6.5 mm. long, 3–4 mm. broad, with prominent apical wings, deeply emarginate; style distinct, with stigma completely within or just level with the top of the sinus.
    Seeds
    Seed wingless, reddish brown, 2–3 mm. long, ± 1.5 mm. broad.
    Figures
    Fig. 5/1.
    Habitat
    Weed of arable fields; 1800–2000 m.
    Distribution
    K3 K4 introduced, probably native in Ethiopia and neighbouring countries to the west and north as well as in the Near East, but spread by cultivation or inadvertently to many parts of the world
    [FWTA]

    Cruciferae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Vernacular
    The Common Cress.
    Ecology
    Commonly cultivated in regions away from the coast; naturalized in some places.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Central European Rus, Czechoslovakia, East European Russia, Egypt, France, Greece, Gulf States, Italy, Kriti, Krym, Netherlands, Northwest European R, Oman, Palestine, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, Sinai, South European Russi, Spain, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yemen, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Alberta, Algeria, Argentina South, Azores, Bangladesh, British Columbia, Burkina, Canary Is., Central African Repu, Chad, Chile Central, Connecticut, Cuba, East Aegean Is., Eritrea, Ethiopia, Germany, Guinea, Idaho, Illinois, India, Iowa, Jamaica, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Korea, Leeward Is., Libya, Madeira, Maine, Mali, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Michigan, Morocco, New Caledonia, New Hampshire, New York, Newfoundland, Niger, Nigeria, Northwest Territorie, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Québec, Rhode I., Rwanda, Saskatchewan, Sudan, Tennessee, Tunisia, Vermont, Washington, West Siberia, Wyoming

    Lepidium sativum L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 4788], Nepal K001039896
    Blinkworth, R. [Cat. no. 4788], India K001039897
    Cope, T.A. [RBG 83], Great Britain K000914153
    Cope, T.A. [RBG 352], Great Britain K000914154
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4788] K001039894
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4788] K001039895
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4788] K001039898
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4788] K001039899
    Davis [42935], Turkey K000731615
    Maxwell-Darling, R.C. [407], Oman K000731614

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 644 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Smettan, H.W. (2016). Eingeschleppt und ausgerissen: Neophyten im bayerischen Oberinntal Berichte der Bayerischen Botanischen Gesellschaft zur Erforschung der heimischen Flora 86: 213-226.
    • Al-Eisawi, D. (2016). Taxonomic synopsis of Brassicaceae for the flora of Jordan Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 71: 219-226.
    • Gilman, A.V. (2015). New flora of Vermont Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 110: 1-614.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Patzelt, A., Harrison, T., Knees, S.G. & Hartley, L.A. (2014). Studies in the flora of Arabia: XXXI. New records from the Sultanate of Oman Edinburgh Journal of Botany 71: 161-180.
    • Cossu, T.A, Camarda, I. & Brundu, G. (2014). A catalogue of non-native weeds in irrigated crops in Sardinia (Italy) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 69: 145-156.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2014). Flora of North America North of Mexico 9: 1-713. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Authier, P. & Covillot, J. (2011). Catalogue actualisé des plantes de l'île de Rhodes (Grèce) Saussurea; Travaux de la Société Botanique de Genève 41: 131-170.
    • Al-Shehbaz, I.A. (2010). A synopsis of the South American Lepidium (Brassicaceae) Darwiniana 48: 141-167.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2004). Flora of Siberia 7: 1-318. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
    • Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
    • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jalas, J., Suominen, J. & Lampinen, R. (eds.) (1996). Atlas Florae Europaeae. Distribution of vascular plants in Europe 11: 1-310.
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Kharkevich, S.S. (ed.) (1988). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 3: 1-419. Nauka, Leningrad.
    • Jonsell, B. (1982). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Cruciferae: 1-73.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Chev. Fl. Viv. 1: 197.
    • —F.T.A. 1: 69
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Smettan, H.W. (2016). Eingeschleppt und ausgerissen: Neophyten im bayerischen Oberinntal Berichte der Bayerischen Botanischen Gesellschaft zur Erforschung der heimischen Flora 86: 213-226.
    • Al-Eisawi, D. (2016). Taxonomic synopsis of Brassicaceae for the flora of Jordan Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 71: 219-226.
    • Gilman, A.V. (2015). New flora of Vermont Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 110: 1-614.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Patzelt, A., Harrison, T., Knees, S.G. & Hartley, L.A. (2014). Studies in the flora of Arabia: XXXI. New records from the Sultanate of Oman Edinburgh Journal of Botany 71: 161-180.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2014). Flora of North America North of Mexico 9: 1-713. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Authier, P. & Covillot, J. (2011). Catalogue actualisé des plantes de l'île de Rhodes (Grèce) Saussurea; Travaux de la Société Botanique de Genève 41: 131-170.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2004). Flora of Siberia 7: 1-318. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
    • Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
    • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jalas, J., Suominen, J. & Lampinen, R. (eds.) (1996). Atlas Florae Europaeae. Distribution of vascular plants in Europe 11: 1-310.
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Kharkevich, S.S. (ed.) (1988). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 3: 1-419. Nauka, Leningrad.
    • Jonsell, B. (1982). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Cruciferae: 1-73.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Wickens, Jebel Marra in Kew Bulletin, Addit. Ser. 5: 86 (1976).
    • Agnew & Stewart in A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 95 (1974).
    • Franchetti in Adumbr. Fl. Aethiop. 7: 165, map 1 (1958).
    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 141 (1954).
    • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 98 (1954).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 1: 59 (1950).
    • A. Chev., Fl. Viv. 1: 197 (1939).
    • A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3 (1): 262 (1915).
    • Thell. in Die Gattung Lepidium : 121 (1906).
    • Thell. in Viert. Nat. Ges. Zürich 51: 159 (1906)
    • Th. Dur. & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 1(2): 138 (1898)
    • Engl., Hochgebirgsfl. Trop. Afr.: 222 (1892).
    • Oliv. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 69 (1868).
    • L., Sp. Pl.: 644 (1753).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0