1. Family: Cyperaceae Juss.
    1. Machaerina Vahl

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania, W. Indian Ocean to Pacific, Tropical America.

    [FTEA]

    Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

    Habit
    Perennials with creeping rhizomes or stolons
    Culms
    Culms scapose or with a few nodes, compressed or terete
    Leaves
    Leaves distichous, blade ensiform to terete; ligule 0
    Bracts
    Involucral bracts leaf-like
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence paniculate with many spikelets
    Spikelets
    Spikelets with 2–10 distichous persistent glumes.
    Glume
    Lower glumes sterile, the larger subtending 1–2 bisexual flowers, the upper 1–2 flowers functionally male
    Stamens
    Stamens 3
    Style
    Style 3-fid, base not distinct, thickened
    Fruits
    Nutlet beaked, 3-ribbed/winged.
    Note
    50 species; Old and New World tropics and subtropics.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Caroline Is., Chatham Is., China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Fiji, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Leeward Is., Madagascar, Malaya, Maluku, Marianas, Marquesas, Mauritius, Nansei-shoto, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Norfolk Is., Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Réunion, Samoa, Seychelles, Society Is., Solomon Is., South Australia, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tubuai Is., Vanuatu, Victoria, Vietnam, Western Australia, Windward Is.

    Machaerina Vahl appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Enum. Pl. Obs. 2: 238 (1805)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Enum. Pl. 2: 238 (1805)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0