1. Family: Campanulaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Campanula L.
      1. Campanula edulis Forssk.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to Rwanda, Yemen.

    [FTEA]

    Campanulaceae, Mats Thulin (University of Uppsala). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Perennial; stems 6–70 cm. long, few to many, decumbent or ± erect, ribbed, hirsute.
    Leaves
    Leaves sessile, elliptic to oblanceolate, up to 10–50 mm. long, 3–16 mm. wide, acute to rounded at the apex, with attenuate to subauriculate base; margin entire to ± distantly and obscurely dentate, sometimes somewhat undulate, hirsute especially on the veins.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence lax, ± leafy, sometimes reduced to a single terminal flower.
    Flowers
    Flowers ± erect on hirsute, up to 4 cm. long pedicels.
    Hypanthium
    Hypanthium broadly obconical, ± 10-nerved, hirsute.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes lanceolate to narrowly triangular, 3.5–12 mm. long, acute, ciliate-pubescent with triangular reflexed appendages.
    Corolla
    Corolla blue or purple with whitish base, rarely all white, campanulate to almost cylindrical, 7–25(–30) mm. long, with corolla-lobes 1.5–11 mm. long, often pilose on the veins outside, otherwise glabrous.
    Stamens
    Stamens with broadly triangular ciliate filament-bases; anthers 1.5–3 mm. long.
    Pistil
    Ovary 3(–5)-locular; style shorter than the corolla, narrowly 3–5-lobed, glabrous or hairy at the base.
    Fruits
    Capsule nodding, 3(–5)-locular, dehiscing by small basal valves.
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, elliptic-oblong in outline, compressed, 0.7–0.8 mm. long, almost smooth, yellowish brown.
    Figures
    Fig. 7, p. 36.
    Habitat
    Upland grassland, often on rocky ground; 1600–3700 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K3 K4 K6 T2 U1 U2

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Algeria

    Native to:

    Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen

    Campanula edulis Forssk. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1975 Schimper [167], Ethiopia K000425213
    Jan 1, 1975 Schimper [167], Ethiopia K000425214
    Jan 1, 1975 Schimper [167], Ethiopia K000425215
    Jan 1, 1975 Schimper [738], Ethiopia K000425216
    Jan 1, 1975 Schimper [1380], Ethiopia K000425218
    Jan 1, 1975 Schilper, W. [821], Ethiopia K000425217

    First published in Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 106 (1775)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Thulin in Bot. Notiser 128: 354, fig. 1/B (1976).
    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 1052 (1965).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 70 (1956).
    • A. DC., Monogr. Camp.: 235 (1830).
    • Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 44 (1775)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0