1. Family: Dilleniaceae Salisb.
    1. Tetracera L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

    [FTEA]

    Dilleniaceae, G. Ll. Lucas. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    Shrubs or climbers, rarely herbs or trees
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate; petiole often slightly grooved above; blade entire to denticulate, glabrous, tomentose or scabrid
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences few- to many-flowered terminal or axillary (usually from upper leaves) panicles
    Flowers
    Flowers regular, hermaphrodite
    Calyx
    Sepals 4–6(–15), imbricate, persistent, often reflexed in flower
    Corolla
    Petals (2–) 3–5 (–6), usually white and showy, caducous, often emarginate
    Stamens
    Stamens ∞, free; filaments thin at base, expanding towards apex; anther-thecae small and separated by the expanded connective, parallel, but more usually divergent towards their base, longitudinally dehiscent
    Carpels
    Carpels 3–5, free; ovules usually numerous, more rarely reduced to 2, attached to the ventral suture; styles free, short; stigmas simple, only slightly differentiated from style
    Fruits
    Fruit capsular, coriaceous, opening by the ventral and often the dorsal suture
    Seeds
    Seeds 1–5, glossy, black in Africa, with a fimbriate or laciniate yellowish, reddish or purplish aril.
    [FZ]

    Dilleniaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Shrubs, small trees or lianes with entire or denticulate often scabrous leaves; stipules absent or represented by a narrow wing adnate to the petiole.
    Flowers
    Flowers moderate or large in terminal cymes, racemes or panicles.
    Calyx
    Sepals 5, convex, imbricate, persistent and becoming leathery in fruit.
    Corolla
    Petals as many as the sepals or fewer, often emarginate.
    Stamens
    Stamens very numerous, dilated towards the apex, anther-thecae borne on the margins of the dilated connective parallel or divergent below.
    Carpels
    Carpels 3–5, free, each with a simple style; ovules few to many borne on the ventral suture of the carpel.
    Fruits
    Fruiting carpels brittle and woody or leathery when ripe, dehiscing along the ventral or along both sutures.
    Seeds
    Seeds few with a laciniate aril.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Queensland, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia, Zaïre

    Tetracera L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1994 Harris, D.J. [3667], Cameroon K000540028
    Jan 1, 1994 Harris, D.J. [3674], Cameroon K000540010
    Jan 1, 1975 Harley, R.M. [15561], Brazil K001071365
    Cheek, M. [5938], Cameroon K000540032
    Cheek, M. [5938], Cameroon K000540035
    Cheek, M. [5938], Cameroon K000540038
    Letouzey, R. [14067], Cameroon K000105522
    Letouzey, R. [13192], Cameroon K000105523
    Smith, D. [152], Brazil K001071366

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 533 (1753)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 1: 12.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 237 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 533 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Gilg & Werderm. in E. & P. Pf., ed. 2, 21: 16 (1925)
    • Gilg in E.J. 33: 194 (1902)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 237 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 533 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0