1. Family: Campanulaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Lobelia Plum. ex L.
      1. Lobelia baumannii Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Burundi to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Lobeliaceae, Mats Thulin (University of Uppsala). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1984

    Habit
    Perennial procumbent or straggling, rarely erect, herb up to 70 cm. long, often rooting at lower nodes.
    Stem
    Stems ribbed or narrowly winged, ± pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves with the lamina narrowly to very broadly ovate or triangular, up to 25–80 mm. long and 15–50 mm. wide, acute to acuminate at the apex, cuneate or truncate to subcordate at the base, ± pubescent on both sides but mainly on the nerves; petiole up to 15–30 mm. long; leaf-margin coarsely dentate or serrate; venation prominent, particularly beneath.
    Flowers
    Flowers in lax, 2–6(–12)-flowered, shortly pedunculate racemes; pedicels up to 5–12 mm. long, ± pubescent; bracts linear, 2–7.5 mm. long, sometimes broadest above the middle; bracteoles usually near the base of the pedicel, linear, up to 1.5 mm. long, often broadened at the tip.
    Hypanthium
    Hypanthium narrowly to broadly obconical, 8–10-nerved, sparsely appressed pubescent in the lower part to spreading pubescent all over.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes narrowly triangular or linear, sometimes broadest above the middle, often ± recurved, 2.5–7.5 mm. long, ciliate and often with a few hairs also on the midvein, somewhat gibbous at the base.
    Corolla
    Corolla 13–30 mm. long, white, mauve, or blue with darker markings in throat, with 2 longitudinal crests in the mouth of the tube, split to the base on the back, glabrous or ± pubescent on the lobes outside, puberulous inside on the bottom of the tube.
    Filaments
    Filaments pubescent below except sometimes for the upper one, puberulous inside at the top, connate or almost free above, attached to corolla-tube at the base.
    Anthers
    Anther-tube 2–3 mm. long, all anthers penicillate at the apex, otherwise glabrous or sparsely pubescent on the connectives outside.
    Ovary
    Ovary subinferior to semi-inferior.
    Fruits
    Capsule 8–10-nerved, ± pubescent, with 2 valves 2.5–4 mm. long, inferior part of capsule 4–10 mm. long.
    Seeds
    Seeds elliptic-oblong to broadly elliptic in outline, somewhat compressed, 0.9–1.2 mm. long, distinctly reticulate, pale brown.
    Habitat
    Forest floor or forest margins, often on rocks or stream banks in shade; 800–2400 m.
    Distribution
    K4 T2 T3 T4 T6 T7 T8
    [FZ]

    Lobeliaceae, M. Thulin. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Perennial procumbent or straggling, rarely erect herb up to 70 cm. long, often rooting at lower nodes.
    Stem
    Stems ribbed or narrowly winged, ± pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves with the lamina narrowly to very broadly ovate or triangular, up to 25–80 x 15–50 mm., acute to acuminate at the apex, cuneate or truncate to subcordate at the base, ± pubescent on both sides but mainly on the nerves; petiole up to 15–30 mm. long; leaf margin coarsely dentate or serrate; venation prominent, particularly beneath.
    Flowers
    Flowers in lax, 2–6(12)–flowered, shortly pedunculate racemes; pedicels up to 5–12 mm. long, ± pubescent; bracts linear, 2–7·5 mm. long, sometimes broadest above the middle; bracteoles usually near the base of the pedicel, linear, up to 1·5 mm. long, often broadened at the tip.
    Hypanthium
    Hypanthium narrowly to broadly obconical, 8–10–nerved, sparsely appressed pubescent in the lower part to spreading pubescent all over.
    Calyx
    Calyx–lobes narrowly triangular or linear, sometimes broadest above the middle, often ± recurved, 2·5–7·5 mm. long, ciliate and often with a few hairs also on the midvein, somewhat gibbous at the base.
    Corolla
    Corolla 13–30 mm. long, white, mauve, or blue with darker markings in throat, with two longitudinal crests in the mouth of the tube, split to the base on the back, glabrous or ± pubescent on the lobes outside, puberulous inside on the bottom of the tube.
    Filaments
    Filaments linear, pubescent below except sometimes for the upper one, puberulous inside at the top, connate or almost free above, attached to corolla–tube at the base.
    Anthers
    Anther–tube 2–3 mm. long, all anthers penicillate at the apex, otherwise glabrous or sparsely pubescent on the connectives outside.
    Ovary
    Ovary subinferior to semi–inferior.
    Fruits
    Capsule 8–10–nerved, ± pubescent, with 2 valves 2·5–4 mm. long, inferior part of capsule 4–10 mm. long.
    Seeds
    Seeds elliptic–oblong to broadly elliptic in outline, somewhat compressed, 0·9–1·2 mm. long, distinctly reticulate, pale brown.
    [FWTA]

    Lobeliaceae, E. Wimmer. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Erect herb, stem decumbent at the base, rooting at the nodes, 1 ft. or more high
    Flowers
    Flowers white with purple markings on the throat, anthers blue.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Lobelia baumannii Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Drummond, R.B. [3473], Tanzania 5054.000
    Brummitt, R.K. [12109], Malawi 33138.000
    Holst, C. [4238], Tanzania K000228580 Unknown type material

    First published in Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1894: 46 (1894)

    Accepted by

    • Lammers, T.G. (2007). World checklist and bibliography of Campanulaceae: 1-675. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • E. Wimm. in Engl. Pflanzenr. 4, 276b Campanulac-Lobelioid.: 586. (1953)
    • in Abhandl. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. 46 (1894)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Thulin in Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 141 (1983).
    • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 515 (1974).
    • E. Wimmer in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV.276 c: 872 (1968), excl. specim. ex Nigeria.
    • E. Wimmer in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV.276 b: 586 (1953)
    • Engl. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 19, Beibl. 47: 51 (1894).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0