1. Family: Caprifoliaceae Juss.
    1. Dipsacus L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Europe, N. Africa, Temp. Asia to N. Myanmar.

    [FTEA]

    Dipsacaceae, D. M. Napper. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    Erect perennial herbs with aculeate, or rarely smooth, stems
    Leaves
    Leaves pinnatipartite or entire, sometimes the stem-leaves connate at the base
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal or terminal and lateral Heads involucrate with 1 or 2 rows of foliaceous often spine-tipped bracts of variable length Involucel with or without a narrow cupular limb and developing 8 longitudinal furrows
    Bracts
    Bracts of the receptacle acute, chartaceous and spine-tipped, usually shorter than the involucral bracts
    Calyx
    Calyx cupular, small, undulate or minutely toothed, usually pubescent or pilose
    Corolla
    Corolla 4-fid, unequally lobed
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, exserted
    Stigma
    Stigma entire, rarely shortly bifid.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Assam, Austria, Baleares, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Burundi, Cameroon, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Ethiopia, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, India, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krym, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Manchuria, Morocco, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, North Caucasus, Pakistan, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Rwanda, Sardegna, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, Vietnam, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yugoslavia, Zaïre

    Extinct in:

    Palestine

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Bolivia, California, Canary Is., Chile Central, Chile South, Colombia, Colorado, Ecuador, Illinois, Iowa, Juan Fernández Is., Kentucky, Madeira, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, New Mexico, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Oregon, Sweden, Tennessee, Texas, Uruguay, Vermont

    Dipsacus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 97 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 3: 249.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 43 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl: 97 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Neotropikey
    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0