1. Family: Caprifoliaceae Juss.
    1. Pterocephalus Vaill. ex Adans.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Europe, Africa and Asia-Temperate..

    [FZ]

    Dipsacaceae, Margaret J. & J. F. M. Cannon. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs or subshrubs.
    Capitulum
    Capitula hemispherical or globular, with 1–2 rows of foiaceous receptacular bracts.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle scales hairy or 0.
    Bracts
    Involucel ± sulcate, 8 furrowed, toothed or with a ± membranous corona.
    Calyx
    Calyx short with 5–24 plumose setae of equal length.
    Corolla
    Corolla usually 5–fid or with 4–6–fid flowers in the same head, rarely entirely 4–fid.
    Flowers
    Marginal flowers often larger and with more unequal corolla lobes, inner flowers often smaller and more regular.
    Stigma
    Stigma oblique, entire or slightly 2 lobed.
    [FTEA]

    Dipsacaceae, D. M. Napper. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    Perennial or annual herbs or subshrubs
    Receptacle
    Receptacle shortly conical, without bracts
    Inflorescences
    Involucel 8-furrowed, obscurely or irregularly toothed or with a narrow undulate entire membranous limb Inflorescence a solitary involucrate head, with 1–2 series of unequal foliaceous bracts shorter than the flowers or exceeding them
    Calyx
    Calyx spreading, small, with numerous long plumose bristles of equal length
    Corolla
    Corolla 5-fid (4–6-fid flowers sometimes occur in the same head) with unequal lobes, the marginal flowers usually larger and with a more unequally lobed limb
    Stamens
    Stamens 4
    Stigma
    Stigma oblique, entire.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Greece, Gulf States, Iran, Iraq, Kenya, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Morocco, Mozambique, Palestine, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, Sinai, Somalia, Spain, Tanzania, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Yemen, Yugoslavia

    Pterocephalus Vaill. ex Adans. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Fam. Pl. 2: 152 (1763)

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Fam. Pl. 2: 152 (1763).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fam. 2: 152 (1763)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0