1. Family: Campanulaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Lobelia Plum. ex L.
      1. Lobelia erinus L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Lobeliaceae, M. Thulin. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Annual or sometimes perennial, decumbent to erect herb, 5–70 cm. long or tall.
    Stem
    Stem terete to ± triangular or ribbed, glabrous to pubescent at least below with rather rigid to very fine and soft hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves up to 15–75(100) x (1)4–20 mm., sparsely Sérrulate to dentate, crenate or almost pinnatifid, the upper linear to narrowly elliptic, the lower sometimes ± rosulate, oblanceolate to spathulate, acute to obtuse at the apex, narrowing below into a petiole–like base or an up to 15 mm. long petiole, glabrous to pubescent on both surfaces, or ciliate at the leaf–bases only.
    Flowers
    Flowers in lax racemes; pedicels up to 5–45 mm. long, glabrous or occasionally pubescent; bracts similar to upper stem leaves, much shorter to equalling the pedicels; bracteoles c. 0·4· 1·2 mm. long, linear, at or near the base of the pedicel, occasionally absent.
    Hypanthium
    Hypanthium narrowly obconical to obovoid, 8–10–nerved, glabrous or occasionally pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx–lobes narrowly triangular to subulate, erect or somewhat spreading, 1·2–5 mm. long, entire, glabrous or occasionally pubescent or ciliate.
    Corolla
    Corolla 7–13 mm. long, blue or rarely mauve or white, with two bumps in the mouth of the tube, split to 0·6–2·8(3·2) mm. from the base on the back, short pubescent or papillose on the inside of the tube, glabrous or occasionally pubescent on the outside.
    Stamens
    Stamens 3–7 mm. long; filaments linear, puberulous and attached to the corolla–tube at the base; anther–tube 1·2–2·4 mm. long, ± pubescent on the back of the upper thecae, or occasionally glabrous, the two lower anthers each with a tuft of hairs and a hyaline appendage at the apex.
    Ovary
    Ovary subinferior.
    Fruits
    Capsule 8–10–nerved with 2 valves ± 1 mm. long, inferior part of capsule 3–8 mm. long.
    Seeds
    Seeds elliptic to broadly elliptic in outline, somewhat compressed, 0·3–0·4 mm. long, very finely striate, brown.
    [FTEA]

    Lobeliaceae, Mats Thulin (University of Uppsala). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1984

    Habit
    Annual or sometimes perennial, decumbent to erect herb, 5–70 cm. long or tall.
    Stem
    Stem terete to ± triangular or ribbed, glabrous to pubescent at least below with rather rigid to very fine and soft hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves up to 15–75(–100) mm. long, (1–)4–20 mm. wide, sparsely serrulate to dentate, crenate or almost pinnatifid, the upper linear to narrowly elliptic, the lower sometimes ± rosulate, oblanceolate to spathulate, acute to obtuse at the apex, narrowing below into a petiole-like base or an up to 15 mm. long petiole, glabrous to pubescent on both surfaces, or ciliate at the leaf-bases only.
    Flowers
    Flowers in lax racemes; pedicels up to 5–45 mm. long, glabrous or occasionally pubescent; bracts similar to upper stem leaves, much shorter than to equalling the pedicels; bracteoles ± 0.4–1.2 mm. long, linear, at or near the base of the pedicel, occasionally absent.
    Hypanthium
    Hypanthium narrowly obconical to obovoid, 8–10-nerved, glabrous or occasionally pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes narrowly triangular to subulate, erect or somewhat spreading, 1.2–5 mm. long, entire, glabrous or occasionally pubescent or ciliate.
    Corolla
    Corolla 7–13 mm. long, blue or rarely mauve or white, with 2 bumps in the mouth of the tube, split to 0.6–2.8(–3.2) mm. from the base on the back, shortly pubescent or papillose on the inside of the tube, glabrous or occasionally pubescent on the outside.
    Stamens
    Stamens 3–7 mm. long; filaments puberulous and attached to the corolla-tube at the base; anther-tube 1.2–2.4 mm. long, ± pubescent on the back of the upper thecae, or occasionally glabrous; 2 lower anthers each with a tuft of hairs and a hyaline appendage at the apex.
    Ovary
    Ovary subinferior.
    Fruits
    Capsule 8–10-nerved, with 2 valves ± 1 mm. long, inferior part of capsule 3–8 mm. long.
    Seeds
    Seeds elliptic to broadly elliptic in outline, somewhat compressed, 0.3–0.4 mm. long, very finely striate, brown.
    Habitat
    Boggy grassland, riverbanks, upland grassland; 0–2400 m.
    Distribution
    T4 T7 Z widespread in tropical and southern Africa
    [FWTA]

    Lobeliaceae, E. Wimmer. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    A glabrous erect, branched herb, about 1 ft. high
    Flowers
    Flowers pale blue with white spots.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Chad, Ethiopia, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Northern Provinces, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Austria, Azores, Canary Is., Great Britain, Hawaii, Italy, Madeira, Morocco, South Australia, Tristan da Cunha

    Common Names

    English
    Edging lobelia, Garden lobelia, Wild lobelia

    Lobelia erinus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1984 Kirk, J. [s.n.], Zambia K000228571 holotype
    Jan 1, 1984 Dawe, M.T. [349], Mozambique K000228570 isotype
    Jan 1, 1984 Wild, H. [2902], Mozambique K000228569 syntype
    Jan 1, 1984 Wild, H. [2864], Zimbabwe K000228632 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1984 Welwitsch [1144], Angola K000228568 isotype
    Bidgood, S. [5364], Tanzania K000190594
    Drege, South Africa K000228644 Unknown type material
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000228643 Unknown type material
    Cooper, T., South Africa K000228645
    Ecklon, U.J. [487], South Africa K000228642 Unknown type material
    Sieber [s.n.], Senegal Lobelia senegalensis K000228542 Unknown type material

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 932 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Stinca, A. & al. (2017). New alien vascular species for the flora of southern Italy Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 72: 295-301.
    • Parslow, R. & Bennallick, I. (2017). The new flora of the Isles of Scilly: 1-539. Parslow Press.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hohla, M. (2014). Hystrix patula - neu für Österrei, sowie weitere Beiträge zur Flora von Obenösterreich, Salzburg, Steiermark und Vorarlberg Stapfia 101: 83-100.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Singh, R.K. & Diwakar, P.G. (2010). The genus Lobelia L. (Lobeliaceae) in India Indian Journal of Forestry 33: 625-634.
    • Gremmen, N. & Halbertsma, R.L. (2009). Alien plants and their impact on Tristan da Cunha 2: 1-307. Overseas Territories Environment Programme (OTEP).
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lammers, T.G. (2007). World checklist and bibliography of Campanulaceae: 1-675. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Parslow, R. & Bennallick, I. (2017). The new flora of the Isles of Scilly: 1-539. Parslow Press.
    • Hohla, M. (2014). Hystrix patula - neu für Österrei, sowie weitere Beiträge zur Flora von Obenösterreich, Salzburg, Steiermark und Vorarlberg Stapfia 101: 83-100.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Gremmen, N. & Halbertsma, R.L. (2009). Alien plants and their impact on Tristan da Cunha 2: 1-307. Overseas Territories Environment Programme (OTEP).
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Thulin in Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 123 (1983).
    • E. Wimmer in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV.276 b: 519, fig. 87/e–g (1953).
    • E. Wimmer in Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 56: 349 (1948)
    • Sond. in Fl. Cap. 3: 544 (1865), pro parte.
    • L., Sp. Pl.: 932 (1753), pro parte.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/