1. Family: Caprifoliaceae Juss.
    1. Scabiosa L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Europe, Pakistan, Africa and Asia-Temperate..

    [FTEA]

    Dipsacaceae, D. M. Napper. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    Erect perennial or annual herbs, usually markedly heterophyllous
    Leaves
    Leaves entire or deeply divided
    Receptacle
    Receptacle bracts linear-lanceolate, much shorter than the flowers, glabrous or pubescent
    Inflorescences
    Involucel smooth or 8-furrowed towards the top only or throughout its length, with a membranous many-veined entire or subentire erect or spreading limb Heads involucrate with 1–2 rows of foliaceous bracts shorter or longer than the flowers Inflorescence terminal
    Calyx
    Calyx small with 5 teeth each produced into a long scabrid or barbed bristle; bristles subequal, spreading in fruit
    Corolla
    Corolla 5-fid (4–6-fid flowers occur sometimes in the same head); lobes unequal
    Flowers
    Marginal flowers are usually considerably longer than the inner ones with a more asymmetric corolla
    Stamens
    Stamens 4
    Stigma
    Stigma oblique, entire.
    [FZ]

    Dipsacaceae, Margaret J. & J. F. M. Cannon. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs, often heterophyllous.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, simple or deeply divided.
    Capitulum
    Capitula hemispherical or cylindrical, often on long peduncles, involucral bracts herbaceous, in 1 to several rows.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle bracts usually linear–lanceolate, shorter than the flowers, glabrous or pubescent.
    Bracts
    Involucel tube cylindrical, smooth or furrowed, 4–8 ribbed, expanded above into a membranous, many veined, erect or spreading corona.
    Calyx
    Calyx small, usually with 5 bristle–like teeth, spreading in fruit.
    Corolla
    Corolla of 5 unequal lobes, (rarely 4–6), and a short tube, usually longer in the marginal flowers.
    Stamens
    Stamens 4.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Angola, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Botswana, Bulgaria, Burundi, Buryatiya, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Central European Rus, Chita, Congo, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Free State, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Libya, Madeira, Malawi, Manchuria, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Netherlands, North Caucasus, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Romania, Rwanda, Sardegna, Sicilia, Sinai, South European Russi, Spain, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, West Siberia, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bermuda, Brazil South, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Juan Fernández Is., Uruguay

    Scabiosa L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 98 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1976). Flora Europaea 4: 1-505. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 43 (1754).
    • in Sp. Pl. 1: 98 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 43 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 98 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0