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  1. Family: Caprifoliaceae Juss.
    1. Scabiosa L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Eurasia, Macaronesia to N. Africa, Eritrea to S. Africa.


    Dipsacaceae, D. M. Napper. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Erect perennial or annual herbs, usually markedly heterophyllous
    Leaves entire or deeply divided
    Receptacle bracts linear-lanceolate, much shorter than the flowers, glabrous or pubescent
    Involucel smooth or 8-furrowed towards the top only or throughout its length, with a membranous many-veined entire or subentire erect or spreading limb Heads involucrate with 1–2 rows of foliaceous bracts shorter or longer than the flowers Inflorescence terminal
    Calyx small with 5 teeth each produced into a long scabrid or barbed bristle; bristles subequal, spreading in fruit
    Corolla 5-fid (4–6-fid flowers occur sometimes in the same head); lobes unequal
    Marginal flowers are usually considerably longer than the inner ones with a more asymmetric corolla
    Stamens 4
    Stigma oblique, entire.

    Dipsacaceae, Margaret J. & J. F. M. Cannon. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Annual or perennial herbs, often heterophyllous.
    Leaves opposite, simple or deeply divided.
    Capitula hemispherical or cylindrical, often on long peduncles, involucral bracts herbaceous, in 1 to several rows.
    Receptacle bracts usually linear–lanceolate, shorter than the flowers, glabrous or pubescent.
    Involucel tube cylindrical, smooth or furrowed, 4–8 ribbed, expanded above into a membranous, many veined, erect or spreading corona.
    Calyx small, usually with 5 bristle–like teeth, spreading in fruit.
    Corolla of 5 unequal lobes, (rarely 4–6), and a short tube, usually longer in the marginal flowers.
    Stamens 4.



    Native to:

    Albania, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Angola, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Botswana, Bulgaria, Burundi, Buryatiya, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Central European Rus, Chita, Congo, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Free State, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Libya, Madeira, Malawi, Manchuria, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Netherlands, North Caucasus, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Romania, Rwanda, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, South European Russi, Spain, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bermuda, Brazil South, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Juan Fernández Is., New York, Uruguay

    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Scabiosa L. appears in other Kew resources:


    First published in Sp. Pl.: 98 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Caputo, P., Cozzolino, S. & Moretti, A. (2004). Molecular phylogeneticsof Dipsacaceae reveals parallel trends in seeddispersal syndromes Plant Systematics and Evolution 246: 163-175.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1976). Flora Europaea 4: 1-505. Cambridge University Press.


    Flora Zambesiaca

    • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 43 (1754).
    • in Sp. Pl. 1: 98 (1753)

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 43 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 98 (1753)


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.