1. Family: Campanulaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Lobelia Plum. ex L.
      1. Lobelia flaccida (C.Presl) A.DC.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Sudan to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Lobeliaceae, M. Thulin. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Annual or short–lived perennial, decumbent to erect herb, 5–60 cm. tall.
    Stem
    Stem angular, narrowly winged, glabrous or pubescent on the wings with rather rigid hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves (5)20–70 x 2–10(17) mm., crenate to serrate or subpinnatifid, the upper linear to lanceolate, the lower linear to spathulate or suborbicular, acute to obtuse at the apex, sessile or narrowing below into a petiole–like base or an up to 7 mm. long petiole, glabrous or lower leaves ± pubescent.
    Flowers
    Flowers in lax racemes; pedicels 5–50 mm. long, glabrous or papillose to short pubescent; bracts similar to upper stem leaves, shorter to longer than the pedicels; bracteoles c. 0·4–1·6 mm. long, linear, at or near the base of the pedicel.
    Hypanthium
    Hypanthium narrowly obconical to obovoid, 8–10–nerved, glabrous or papillose to short pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx–lobes narrowly triangular, erect or spreading, 1·2–6 mm. long, with one to three pairs of teeth at the margin or entire, glabrous or ciliate to pubescent.
    Corolla
    Corolla 8–15 mm. long, blue, mauve or white, with two bumps in the mouth of the tube, split to 0·3·1·5 mm. from the base on the back, papillose on the inside of the tube, glabrous or pubescent on the outside.
    Filaments
    Filaments linear, puberulous at the base or ± along their entire length, attached to the corolla–tube at the base.
    Anthers
    Anther–tube (1·2)2–2·4 mm. long, ± pubescent on the back of the upper thecae, or glabrous, the two lower anthers each with a tuft of hairs and a hyaline appendage at the apex.
    Ovary
    Ovary subinferior.
    Fruits
    Capsule 8–10–nerved with 2 valves 1–1·5 mm. long, inferior part of capsule 3–7 mm. long.
    Seeds
    Seeds elliptic to broadly elliptic in outline, somewhat compressed, 0·35–0·5 mm. long, very finely striate, brown.
    [FTEA]

    Lobeliaceae, Mats Thulin (University of Uppsala). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1984

    Habit
    Annual or short-lived perennial, decumbent to erect herb, 5–60 cm. tall.
    Stem
    Stem angular, narrowly winged, glabrous or pubescent on the wings with rather rigid hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves (5–)20–70 mm. long, 2–10(–17) mm. wide, crenate to serrate or subpinnatifid, the upper linear to lanceolate, the lower linear to spathulate or suborbicular, acute to obtuse at the apex, sessile or narrowing below into a petiole-like base or an up to 7 mm. long petiole, glabrous or lower leaves ± pubescent.
    Flowers
    Flowers in lax racemes; pedicels 5–50 mm. long, glabrous or papillose to shortly pubescent; bractssimilar to upper stem leaves, shorter to longer than the pedicels; bracteoles ± 0.4–1.6 mm. long, linear, at or near the base of the pedicel.
    Hypanthium
    Hypanthium narrowly obconical to obovoid, 8–10-nerved, glabrous or papillose to shortly pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes narrowly triangular, erect or spreading, 1.2–6 mm. long, with 1–3 pairs of teeth at the margin or entire, glabrous or ciliate to pubescent.
    Corolla
    Corolla 8–15 mm. long, blue, mauve or white, with 2 bumps in the mouth of the tube, split to 0.3–1.5 mm. from the base on the back, papillose on the inside of the tube, glabrous or pubescent on the outside.
    Filaments
    Filaments puberulous at the base or ± along their entire length, attached to the corolla-tube at the base.
    Anthers
    Anther-tube 1.2–2.4 mm. long, ± pubescent on the back of the upper thecae, or glabrous; 2 lower anthers each with a tuft of hairs and a hyaline appendage at the apex.
    Ovary
    Ovary subinferior.
    Fruits
    Capsule 8–10-nerved, with 2 valves 1–1.5 mm. long, inferior part of capsule 3–7 mm. long.
    Seeds
    Seeds elliptic to broadly elliptic in outline, somewhat compressed, 0.35–0.5 mm. long, very finely striate, brown.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Sudan, Swaziland, Uganda, Zimbabwe

    Lobelia flaccida (C.Presl) A.DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 7: 360 (1839)

    Accepted by

    • Lammers, T.G. (2007). World checklist and bibliography of Campanulaceae: 1-675. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Thulin in Flora Zambesiaca 7 (1): 128 (1983)
    • Thulin in Nord. Journ. Bot. 3: 374 (1983).
    • E. Wimmer in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV.276 b: 508, fig. 84/a (1953).
    • A. DC. in DC., Prodr. 7: 360 (1839).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0