1. Family: Campanulaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Lobelia Plum. ex L.
      1. Lobelia giberroa Hemsl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to Zambia.

    [FZ]

    Lobeliaceae, M. Thulin. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Plant 2–9 m. tall in flower, suckering from the base.
    Stem
    Stem erect, 6–12 cm. thick and woody at the base, terete, hollow, ± pubescent above.
    Leaves
    Rosette–leaves of unflowered plant sessile, narrowly oblanceolate to oblong–ovate, 25–90 x 4–15 cm., acute to acuminate at the apex, attenuate at the base, pubescent beneath especially on the veins or glabrous, weakly pubescent or glabrous above; margin doubly serrate, dentate or denticulate; venation protruding beneath with costae in ± 30–40 pairs arising at an angle of 60–90° to the midrib.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 1–3 m. long, dense, cylindrical, unbranched; pedicels 4–8 mm. long, pubescent, with two minute linear bracteoles; bracts linear to narrowly lanceolate, 25–75 x 2–4 mm.
    Hypanthium
    Hypanthium obovoid, ± truncate at the base, 10–nerved, pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx–lobes narrowly triangular to linear, flat, 10–28 mm. long, entire, ± pubescent especially on the outside.
    Corolla
    Corolla 25–35 mm. long, greenish or greenish white often tinged with blue or purple, split to the base on the back, ± pubescent on the outside at least at the apex, glabrous inside; two lateral petals linear, ± united with middle petals below; three middle petals united to form a lip with linear lobes.
    Filaments
    Filaments linear, connate for most of their length, ± papillose at the margins, free from corolla.
    Anthers
    Anther–tube (6)9–15 mm. long, the two lower anthers apically barbate, otherwise glabrous or occasionally pubescent on connectives.
    Ovary
    Ovary subinferior.
    Fruits
    Capsule ±10 mm. long, 10–nerved, pubescent, crowned by the hardening calyx–lobes and with two short valves.
    Seeds
    Seeds elliptic–oblong in outline, compressed, narrowly winged, ± 0–8 mm. long, finely striate, pale brown.
    [FTEA]

    Lobeliaceae, Mats Thulin (University of Uppsala). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1984

    Habit
    Plant 2–9 m. tall in flower, suckering from the base.
    Stem
    Stem erect, 6–12 cm. thick and woody at the base, terete, hollow, ± pubescent above.
    Leaves
    Rosette-leaves of non-flowering plant sessile, narrowly oblanceolate to oblong-ovate, 25–90 cm. long, 4–19 cm. wide, acute to acuminate at the apex, attenuate at the base, pubescent beneath especially on the veins or glabrous, weakly pubescent or glabrous above; margin doubly serrate, dentate or denticulate; venation protruding beneath with main lateral nerves in ± 30–40 pairs arising at an angle of 60–90° to the midrib.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 1–3 m. long, dense, cylindrical, unbranched; pedicels 4–8 mm. long, pubescent, with 2 minute linear bracteoles; bracts linear to narrowly lanceolate, 25–75 mm. long, 2–4 mm. wide.
    Hypanthium
    Hypanthium obovoid, ± truncate at the base, 10-nerved, pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes narrowly triangular to linear, 10–28 mm. long, entire, ± pubescent especially on the outside.
    Corolla
    Corolla 25–35 mm. long, greenish or greenish white, often tinged with blue or purple, split to the base on the back, pubescent on the outside at least at the apex, glabrous inside; two lateral petals linear, ± united with middle petals below; three middle petals united to form a lip with linear lobes.
    Filaments
    Filaments connate for most of their length, ± densely papillose at the margins, free from corolla.
    Anthers
    Anther-tube (6–)9–15 mm. long; 2 lower anthers apically barbate, otherwise glabrous, or occasionally pubescent on connectives.
    Ovary
    Ovary subinferior.
    Fruits
    Capsule 10–15 mm. long, 10-nerved, pubescent, crowned by the hardening calyx-lobes and with 2 short valves.
    Seeds
    Seeds elliptic-oblong in outline, compressed, narrowly winged, ± 0.8 mm. long, finely striate, pale brown.
    Habitat
    Upland, often secondary, forest, forest edges, stream sides or swamp edges; 1200–3000 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T2 T3 T4 T6 T7 T8 U1 U2

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Lobelia giberroa Hemsl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 1, 2012 Luke, WRQ. [11377], Tanzania K000823755
    Jan 1, 1988 Whyte, A. [306], Malawi K000228572 Unknown type material
    Milne-Redhead, E. [11000], Tanzania 28439.000
    Ash [215], Ethiopia 15077.003
    Bally, P.R.O. [7986], Kenya 17391.000
    Geilenger, H. [5], Tanzania 11605.000
    Schimper [908], Ethiopia K000228495 Unknown type material
    Schimper [908], Ethiopia K000228498 Unknown type material
    Schimper [908], Ethiopia K000228497 Unknown type material
    Schimper [908], Ethiopia K000228496 Unknown type material
    Volkens, G. [1501], Tanzania K000228489 isotype
    Volkens, G. [1501], Tanzania K000228488 Unknown type material

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 3: 465 (1877)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lammers, T.G. (2007). World checklist and bibliography of Campanulaceae: 1-675. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Thulin in Flora Zambesiaca 7 (1): 120, t. 121 (1983).
    • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 515, fig. (1974).
    • Mabberley in Kew Bulletin 29: 565 (1974)
    • E. Wimmer in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 276 c: 885 (1968).
    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 1057 (1965).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 73 (1956).
    • E. Wimmer in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 276 b: 670 (1953).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 267 (1949).
    • A.J. Jex-Blake, Some Wild Flowers of Kenya p. 86 (1948).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 2: 411 (1947).
    • Battiscombe & Dale, Trees and Shrubs of Kenya Colony p. 154 (1936).
    • E.A. Bruce in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1934: 79 (1934).
    • Hauman in Mém. Inst. Roy. Col. Belg. 8°, 2: 8, 28, t. 3,4 (1934).
    • R.E. Fries in Karsten & Schenk, Veget. Bild. 16: 37/ A (1925).
    • R.E. & T.C.E. Fries in Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 16: 397, fig. 3 a–d (1922).
    • R.E. Fries, Wiss. Ergebn. Schwed. Rhod.-Kongo-Exped. 1: 316 (1916).
    • Engl. in Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition 1907-1908, 2 (Botanik) p. 344 (1911).
    • Bak. f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 38, t. 17/3 (1908).
    • Engl. in Abh. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. 1891: 409 (1892).
    • Hemsl. in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 465 (1877).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0