1. Family: Campanulaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Lobelia Plum. ex L.
      1. Lobelia stricklandiae Gilliland

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Lobeliaceae, M. Thulin. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Plant 2–6 m. tall in flower, ± erect, suckering from the base.
    Stem
    Stem 4–8 cm. thick at base, terete, hollow, pubescent above.
    Leaves
    Rosette–leaves of unflowered plant sessile, ± narrowly oblanceolate, up to 50 x 10cm., acute or acuminate at the apex, attenuate at the base, weakly pubescent on both sides, more densely pubescent on veins beneath; margin serrate to doubly serrate or denticulate; venation protruding beneath.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence up to 3–4 m. long, lax, branched with a terminal many–flowered raceme and usually many axillary racemes on leafy peduncles below; pedicels 8–25 mm. long, spreading, pubescent; upper bracts linear to lanceolate and 10–20 mm. long, lower bracts ovate and up to 30–40 mm. long; bracteoles usually in upper part of the pedicel, linear, 1·5–4 mm. long.
    Hypanthium
    Hypanthium obovoid, 10–nerved, ± pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx–lobes narrowly triangular, flat, 10–16 mm. long, weakly pubescent on both sides, entire.
    Corolla
    Corolla 25–35 mm. long, mauve or pinkish purple, split to the base on the back, ± papillose–pubescent outside and pubescent inside on the bottom of the tube; two lateral petals linear, united with middle petals below, but often becoming free to the base; three middle petals soon splitting up at the apex into three ± 6 mm. long lobes.
    Filaments
    Filaments linear, somewhat dilated at the base, connate almost to the base and forming a firm tube, papillose mainly towards the base, free from corolla.
    Anthers
    Anther–tube 6–7 mm. long, all anthers glabrous at the apex, but sparsely pilose on the back.
    Ovary
    Ovary subinferior.
    Fruits
    Capsule obovoid to subspherical, 10–15 mm. long, 10–nerved, weakly pubescent or glabrescent with two short valves.
    Seeds
    Seeds ± broadly elliptic–oblong in outline, compressed, narrowly winged along one margin, 0·6–0·7 mm. long, finely striate, pale brown.
    [FTEA]

    Lobeliaceae, Mats Thulin (University of Uppsala). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1984

    Habit
    Plant 2–6 m. tall in flower, ± erect, suckering from the base.
    Stem
    Stem 4–8 cm. thick at base, terete, hollow, pubescent above.
    Leaves
    Rosette-leaves of non-flowering plant sessile, ± narrowly oblanceolate, up to 50 cm. long and 10 cm. wide, acute or acuminate at the apex, attenuate at the base, weakly pubescent on both sides, more densely pubescent on veins beneath; margin serrate to doubly serrate or denticulate; venation protruding beneath.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence up to 3–4 m. long, lax, branched with a terminal many-flowered raceme and usually many axillary racemes on leafy peduncles below; pedicels 8–25 mm. long, spreading, pubescent; upper bracts linear to lanceolate and 10–20 mm. long, lower bracts ovate and up to 30–40 mm. long; bracteoles usually in upper part of the pedicel, linear, 1.5–4 mm. long.
    Hypanthium
    Hypanthium obovoid, 10-nerved, pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes narrowly triangular, 10–16 mm. long, weakly pubescent on both sides, entire.
    Corolla
    Corolla 25–35 mm. long, mauve or pinkish purple, split to the base on the back, papillose-pubescent outside and pubescent inside on the bottom of the tube; two lateral petals linear, united with middle petals below; three middle petals splitting up at the apex into 3 ± 6 mm. long lobes.
    Filaments
    Filaments connate almost to the base and forming a firm tube, papillose mainly towards the base, free from corolla.
    Anthers
    Anther-tube 6–7 mm. long; all anthers glabrous at the apex, but sparsely pilose on the back.
    Ovary
    Ovary subinferior.
    Fruits
    Capsule obovoid to subspherical, 10–15 mm. long, 10-nerved, weakly pubescent or glabrescent with 2 short valves.
    Seeds
    Seeds ± broadly elliptic-oblong in outline, compressed, narrowly winged along one margin, 0.6–0.7 mm. long, finely striate, pale brown.
    Habitat
    Forest margins and glades, bamboo forest; 1740–1950 m.
    Distribution
    T4

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

    Lobelia stricklandiae Gilliland appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 2, 1973 Gilliland, H.B. [798], Zimbabwe K000228573 isotype
    Gilliland, H.B. [798], Zimbabwe K000228574
    Mahinde - S. Game Scout [HSM 108], Kenya K000228492 isotype

    First published in J. Bot. 73: 248 (1935)

    Accepted by

    • Lammers, T.G. (2007). World checklist and bibliography of Campanulaceae: 1-675. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Thulin in Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 119 (1983).
    • Mabberley in Kew Bulletin 29: 562 (1974).
    • E. Wimmer in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 276 c: 886 (1968).
    • E. Wimmer in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 276 b: 677, fig. 101/i (1953)
    • Gilliland in Journal of Botany 73: 248 (1935), as “ stricklandae ”.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0