1. Family: Campanulaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Lobelia Plum. ex L.
      1. Lobelia trullifolia Hemsl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Lobeliaceae, Mats Thulin (University of Uppsala). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1984

    Habit
    Annual or short-lived perennial, erect to decumbent herb, 4–60 cm. tall, often purplish tinged towards the base.
    Stem
    Stem usually much branched, very narrowly winged or ribbed, sparsely to densely pubescent or occasionally glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves up to 5–40 mm. long, 4–30 mm. wide, linear to ovate or subreniform, narrowing upwards, obtuse to subacute at the apex, cuneate to cordate or rarely attenuate at the base, with a petiole up to 1.5–10(–15) mm. long, ± crenate to pinnatifid, densely pubescent to glabrous on both sides or only the upper side pubescent.
    Flowers
    Flowers in lax leafy racemes or rarely scattered in the upper leaf-axils; pedicels (10–)20–45 mm. long, filiform, glabrous or pubescent; upper bracts linear to elliptic or rarely ovate, usually much shorter than the pedicels; bracteoles 0.1–0.8 mm. long, at or near the base of the pedicel, rarely absent.
    Hypanthium
    Hypanthium broadly obconical, usually very short, glabrous or pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes very narrowly triangular, ± erect or spreading, (1.5–)2–5(–7) mm. long, entire, ciliate, ciliate-pubescent or rarely glabrous.
    Corolla
    Corolla 3.2–16 mm. long, blue to pale pink, split to 0.6–2 mm. from the base on the back, shortly pubescent to sparsely papillose inside, glabrous or pubescent on the lobes outside.
    Filaments
    Filaments, at least the 2 lower, pubescent below, rarely all subglabrous, all attached to the corolla-tube at the base.
    Anthers
    Anther-tube 0.6–1.6(–2) mm. long, shortly pubescent at least on the back, or glabrous; 2 lower anthers each with a tuft of hairs and a hyaline appendage at the apex.
    Ovary
    Ovary subsuperior to semisuperior.
    Fruits
    Capsule ± obovoid, glabrous or pubescent, with prominent valves 1.5–3.2 mm. long, ± as long as or usually longer than the inferior part of the capsule.
    Seeds
    Seeds elliptic to broadly elliptic in outline, ± compressed, 0.3–0.5 mm. long, very finely striate, brown.
    [FZ]

    Lobeliaceae, M. Thulin. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Annual or short–lived perennial, erect to decumbent herb, 4–60 cm. tall, often purplish tinged towards the base.
    Stem
    Stem usually much branched, very narrowly winged or ribbed, sparsely to densely pubescent or occasionally glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves up to 5–40 x 4–30 mm., ovate to subreniform or rarely narrowly elliptic, narrowing upwards, obtuse to subacute at the apex, cuneate to cordate or rarely attenuate at the base, with a petiole up to 1·5–10(15) mm. long, ± crenate to pinnatifid, densely pubescent to glabrous on both sides or only the upper side pubescent.
    Flowers
    Flowers in lax leafy racemes or rarely scattered in the upper leaf–axils; pedicels (10)20–45 mm. long, filiform, glabrous or pubescent; upper bracts linear to elliptic or rarely ovate, usually much shorter than the pedicels; bracteoles 0·1–0·8 mm. long, at or near the base of the pedicel, rarely absent.
    Hypanthium
    Hypanthium broadly obconical, usually very short, glabrous or pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx–lobes very narrowly triangular, ± erect or spreading, (1·5)2–5(7) mm. long, entire, ciliate, ciliate–pubescent or rarely glabrous.
    Corolla
    Corolla 3·2–16 mm. long, blue to pale pink, split to 0·6–2 mm, from the base on the back, short pubescent to sparsely papillose inside, glabrous or pubescent on the lobes outside.
    Filaments
    Filaments linear, at least the two lower pubescent below, rarely all subglabrous, all attached to the corolla–tube at the base.
    Anthers
    Anther–tube 0·6–1 6(2) mm. long, short pubescent at least on the back, or glabrous; the two lower anthers each with a tuft of hairs and a hyaline appendage at the apex.
    Ovary
    Ovary subsuperior to semisuperior.
    Fruits
    Capsule ± obovoid, glabrous or pubescent with prominent valves 1·5–3·2 mm. long, about as long as or usually longer than the inferior part of the capsule.
    Seeds
    Seeds elliptic to broadly elliptic in outline, ± compressed, 0·3–0·5 mm. long, very finely striate, brown.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia

    Lobelia trullifolia Hemsl. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 3: 466 (1877)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lammers, T.G. (2007). World checklist and bibliography of Campanulaceae: 1-675. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Thulin in Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 126 (1983)
    • Thulin in Nord. Journ. Bot. 3: 374 (1983).
    • E. Wimmer in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV.276 c: 861 (1968).
    • Brenan in Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 8: 490 (1954).
    • E. Wimmer in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV.276 b: 490, fig. 80/gl (1953).
    • Hemsl. in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 466 (1877).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0