1. Family: Onagraceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Ludwigia L.
      1. Ludwigia octovalvis (Jacq.) P.H.Raven

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America.

    [FZ]

    Onagraceae, P. H. Raven. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Robust well-branched herb, sometimes woody at the base or even shrubby, up to 4 m. tall, subglabrous, puberulent, or densely villous.
    Leaves
    Leaves 0·7–14·5 × 0·1–4 cm., linear to subovate, narrowly or broadly cuneate at base, the apex attenuate; main veins 11–20 on each side of the midrib; petioles up to 10 mm. long.
    Bracteoles
    Bracteoles reduced or up to 1 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Sepals 4, 3–15 × 1–7·5 mm., ovate or lanceolate.
    Corolla
    Petals 3–17 × 2–17 mm., broadly obovate or cuneate, emarginate.
    Stamens
    Stamens 8, the epipetalous ones shorter; filaments 1–4 mm. long; anthers 0·5–4 mm. long, extrorse but soon crumbling and shedding pollen directly on the stigma.
    Pollen
    Pollen shed in tetrads.
    Disc
    Disk slightly raised, with a white-hairy sunken nectary surrounding the base of each epipetalous stamen.
    Style
    Style 1·5–3·5 mm. long; stigma 1·2–3 mm. across, subglobose, shallowly 4-lobed.
    Fruits
    Capsule 17–45 × 2–8 mm., thin-walled, terete, pale brown with 8 darker ribs, readily and irregularly loculicidal; pedicel up to 10 mm. long.
    Seeds
    Seeds 0·6–0·75 × 0·5–0·7 mm., pluriseriate in each locule of the capsule, free, brown, rounded, including the raphe which is equal in size to the body of the seed and evenly transversely ridged.
    Cytology
    Chromosome number n=16 (in F.Z. area).
    [FTEA]

    Onagraceae, J. P. M. Brenan. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1953

    Note
    Excessively polymorphic and variable.
    Habit
    Herb or shrub up to 3.6 m. high, puberulous and subglabrous to densely spreading-hairy.
    Leaves
    Leaves linear to lanceolate or ovate- or obovate-elliptic, variable in size, normally acute to subacuminate at apex; petiole of upper and median leaves normally short, 0–4 mm. long, sometimes longer in lower cauline leaves.
    Calyx
    Sepals 4, 3–19 mm. long, 1–10 mm. wide.
    Corolla
    Petals yellow, 3.5–28 mm. long, 2–28 mm. wide.
    Stamens
    Stamens twice as many as sepals.
    Pistil
    Apex of ovary, supporting the 1.5–3.5 mm. long style, flat or slightly raised (to about 1 mm. high).
    Fruits
    Capsules thin-walled, puberulous to hairy, 2–5.5 cm. long, 2–6 mm. wide; pedicels 0–20 (or more) mm. long, in Africa normally less than 7 mm. long.
    Seeds
    Seeds pluriseriate in each cell, free, each with an enlarged raphe almost as big as the body of the seed, together forming a more or less round brown body 0.5–0.75 mm. in diameter, with a marked furrow running up its middle.
    Habitat
    (for species as a whole). Damp and swampy places by streams, rivers, lakes, etc.; 0–1280 m.
    Distribution
    Widespread in the tropics and subtropics of the Old and New Worlds.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cayman Is., Chile North, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is., Yemen

    Introduced into:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Botswana, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Congo, Cook Is., East Himalaya, Fiji, Gabon, Gilbert Is., Gulf of Guinea Is., India, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malawi, Malaya, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nicobar Is., Northern Provinces, Ogasawara-shoto, Samoa, Solomon Is., Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Ludwigia octovalvis (Jacq.) P.H.Raven appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2017 Rodal, M.J.N. [283], Brazil K001077417
    Oct 12, 2007 Philcox, D. [3834], Brazil K001077408
    Oct 11, 2007 Ratter, J.A. [4130], Brazil K001077421
    Feb 1, 1997 Pott, V.J. [863], Brazil K001077418
    Jan 1, 1993 Nee, M.H. [42906], Brazil K001077420
    Jan 1, 1991 Oldenburger, F.H.F. [1688], Brazil K001077425
    Jan 1, 1987 Davidson, C. [CD 10670], Brazil K001077419
    Jan 1, 1986 Pirani, J.R. [152], Brazil K001077422
    Jan 1, 1978 Harley, R.M. [11113], Brazil K001077410
    Jan 1, 1978 Gardner, G. [3711], Brazil K001077409
    Jan 1, 1971 Silva, M. [2597], Brazil K001077413
    Jan 1, 1965 Irwin, H.S. [55405], Suriname K001077411
    Oct 6, 1930 Royle, J.F. [s.n.], India K000357866 Unknown type material
    Harley, R.M. [20033], Brazil K001077416
    Philcox, D. [4469], Brazil K001077406
    Philcox, D. [4473], Brazil K001077407
    Maitland, T.D. [55], Cameroon K000050350
    Maitland, T.D. [0s.n.34], Cameroon K000050353
    Trail, J.W.H. [324], Brazil K001077399
    Hooker [s.n.], Brazil K001077362
    Rico, L. [1489], Bolivia K000295438
    Spruce, R. [6253], Ecuador K000006285
    Spruce, R. [s.n.], Ecuador K000006286
    Irwin, H.S. [17584], Brazil K001077412
    Preston, T.A. [s.n.], Brazil K001077426
    Anderson, W.R. [36010], Brazil K001077424
    Wright, C. [159], Cuba K000975307 syntype
    Wright, C. [159], Cuba K000975308
    Salzmann, P. [s.n.], Brazil K001077387
    Salzmann, P. [s.n.], Brazil K001077367
    Riedel, L. [537], Brazil K001077372
    Gardner, G. [997], Brazil K001077388
    Gardner, G. [997], Brazil K001077391
    Gardner, G. [31], Brazil K001077366
    Gay, J. [484], Brazil K001077381
    Gay, J. [s.n.], Brazil K001077364
    Burchell, W.J. [933], Brazil K001077356
    Burchell, W.J. [2376], Brazil K001077376
    Burchell, W.J. [1176], Brazil K001077396
    Burchell, W.J. [8709], Brazil K001077397
    Burchell, W.J. [2593], Brazil K001077398
    Burchell, W.J. [1734], Brazil K001077400
    Burchell, W.J. [1620], Brazil K001077403
    Burchell, W.J. [6023], Brazil K001077404
    Burchell, W.J. [7679], Brazil K001077405
    Burchell, W.J. [1595], Brazil K001077369
    Burchell, W.J. [1738], Brazil K001077370
    Burchell, W.J. [1067], Brazil K001077371
    Blanchet, J.S. [s.n.], Brazil K001077359
    Miers, J. [3631], Brazil K001077365
    W. [s.n.] K001077385
    McGillivray, J. [321], Brazil K001077375
    Prance, G.T. [4237], Brazil K001077414
    Argent, G.C.G. [6367], Brazil K001077415
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [12670], Brazil K001077357
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [12669], Brazil K001077358
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [8673], Brazil K001077383
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [12670], Brazil K001077386
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [6710], Brazil K001077392
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [8347], Brazil K001077373
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [8346], Brazil K001077374
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [10745], Brazil K001077360
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [13817], Brazil K001077361
    Swainson, W. [s.n.], Brazil K001077379
    Pohl, J.B.E. [949], Brazil K001077395
    Pohl, J.B.E. [949], Brazil K001077402
    Boog, W. [s.n.], Brazil K001077382
    Boog, W. [s.n.], Brazil K001077368
    Boog, W. [s.n.], Brazil K001077363
    Barros, F. de [758], Brazil K001077423
    Taubert, P.H.W. [s.n.], Brazil K001077390
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001077377
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001077378
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001077380
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001077384
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001077393
    Martius [992], Brazil K001077355
    Martius [408], Brazil K001077389
    Spruce, R. [2413], Brazil K001077394
    Spruce, R. [2413], Brazil K001077401
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 6332], Myanmar Jussiaea decumbens K001123587
    Bruce, H. [Cat. no. 6334], Bangladesh Jussiaea suffruticosa K001123606
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6334] Jussiaea suffruticosa K001123602
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6334] Jussiaea suffruticosa K001123603
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6334] Jussiaea suffruticosa K001123604
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6334] Jussiaea suffruticosa K001123605
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 6333], Myanmar Jussiaea exaltata K001123599
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 6333], Myanmar Jussiaea exaltata K001123600
    Porter, G. [Cat. no. 6333], Malaysia Jussiaea exaltata K001123593
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 6333] Jussiaea exaltata K001123597
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 6333] Jussiaea exaltata K001123598
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6333] Jussiaea exaltata K001123588
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6333], India Jussiaea exaltata K001123589
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6333], India Jussiaea exaltata K001123590
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6333], India Jussiaea exaltata K001123591
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6333], India Jussiaea exaltata K001123592
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6333] Jussiaea exaltata K001123594
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6333] Jussiaea exaltata K001123595
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6333] Jussiaea exaltata K001123596
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6333] Jussiaea exaltata K001123601
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6333], India Jussiaea exaltata K001123869

    First published in Kew Bull. 15: 476 (1961 publ. 1962)

    Accepted by

    • Kiew, R., Chung, R.C.K., Shaw, L.G. & Soepadmo, E. (eds.) (2017). Flora of Peninsular Malaysia Series II: Seed Plants, volume 6 Malayan Forest Records 49: 1-231.
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • de Moura Júnior, E.G. & al. (2015). Updated checklist of aquatic macrophytes from Northern Brazil Acta Amazonica 45: 111-132.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.
    • Santisuk, T. & Balslev, H. (eds.) in T. Smitinand & K. Larsen, eds. (2014). Flora of Thailand 11(4): 499-666. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Goodwin, Z.A. & al. (2013). A checklist of the vascular plants of the lowland savannas of Belize, Central America Phytotaxa 101: 1-119.
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Pérez-Farrera, M.Á., Martínez-Camilo, R., Martínez-Meléndez, N., Farrera-Sarmiento, O. & Maza-Villalobos, S. (2012). Listado florístico del Cerro Quetzal (Polígono III) de la reserva de la biosfera El Triunfo, Chiapas, México Botanical Sciences 90: 113-142.
    • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
    • Choudhary, R.K., Srivastava, R.C., Das, A.K. & Lee, J. (2012). Floristic diversity assessment and vegetation analysis of Upper Siang district of eastern Himalaya in North East India Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy 42: 222-246.
    • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
    • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • van Proosdij, A.S.J. (2012). Arnoldo's Zakflora, ed. 4: 1-318. Walburg Pers, Zutphen.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
    • Cumana Campos, L.J. (2010). Clave para especies de Ludwigia L. (Onagraceae) de la región nor-oriental e insular de Venezuela depositadas en el herbario IRBR Acta botanica Venezuelica 33: 299-327.
    • Barua, I.C. (2010). The genus Ludwigia (Onagraceae) in India Rheedea 20: 59-70.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Barua, K.N. & Khatry, P.K. (2009). Alien forest weeds in upper Brahmaputra valler and hill zones of Assam Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33: 414-422.
    • Pandey, R.P. (2009). Floristic diversity of Ferrargunj forest area in South Andaman Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33: 747-768.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Hammel, B.E. & al. (eds.) (2007). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica, volumen VI, Dicotyledóneas (Haloragaceae-Phytolaccaceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 111: 1-933. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Correa A., Mireya D. Galdames, Carmen Correa A., M. D., C. Galdames & M. S. de Stapf (2004). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá: 1-599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Balick, M. J., M. H. Nee & D.E. Atha (2000). Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 85: 1-246.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Thaman, R.R., Fosberg, F.R., Manner, H.I. & Hassall, D.C. (1994). The Flora of Nauru Atoll Research Bulletin 392: 1-223.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Hancock, I.R. & Henderson, C.P. (1988). Flora of the Solomon Islands Research Bulletin Dodo Creek Research Station 7: 1-203.
    • Fosberg, F.R. & Sachet, M.-H. (1987). Flora of the Gilbert Island, Kiribati, Checklist Atoll Research Bulletin 295: 1-33.
    • Kobayashi, S. & Ono, M. (1987). A Revised List of Vascular Plants Indigenous and Introduced to the Bonin (Ogasawara) and the Volcano (Kazan) Islands Ogasawara Research 13: 1-55.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Woodroffe, C.D. (1985). Vegetation and flora of Nui Atoll, Tuvalu Atoll Research Bulletin 283: 1-18.
    • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.
    • Smith, A.C. (1985). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 3: 1-758. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
    • Banks, R.C. (ed.) (1982). Wildlife and wildlife habitat of American Samoa 2: 1-151. U.S. Fisch and Wildlife services, Washington.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Parham, B.E.V. (1971). The Vegetation of the Tokelau Islands with special reference to the plants of Nukunonu Atoll New Zealand Journal of Botany 9: 576-609.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Taton, A. (1967). Flore du Congo du Rwanda et du Burundi, Onagraceae: 1-25. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Bruxelles.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Kiew, R., Chung, R.C.K., Shaw, L.G. & Soepadmo, E. (eds.) (2017). Flora of Peninsular Malaysia Series II: Seed Plants, volume 6 Malayan Forest Records 49: 1-231.
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
    • de Moura Júnior, E.G. & al. (2015). Updated checklist of aquatic macrophytes from Northern Brazil Acta Amazonica 45: 111-132.
    • Santisuk, T. & Balslev, H. (eds.) in T. Smitinand & K. Larsen, eds. (2014). Flora of Thailand 11(4): 499-666. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Goodwin, Z.A. & al. (2013). A checklist of the vascular plants of the lowland savannas of Belize, Central America Phytotaxa 101: 1-119.
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Pérez-Farrera, M.Á., Martínez-Camilo, R., Martínez-Meléndez, N., Farrera-Sarmiento, O. & Maza-Villalobos, S. (2012). Listado florístico del Cerro Quetzal (Polígono III) de la reserva de la biosfera El Triunfo, Chiapas, México Botanical Sciences 90: 113-142.
    • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
    • Choudhary, R.K., Srivastava, R.C., Das, A.K. & Lee, J. (2012). Floristic diversity assessment and vegetation analysis of Upper Siang district of eastern Himalaya in North East India Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy 42: 222-246.
    • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • van Proosdij, A.S.J. (2012). Arnoldo's Zakflora, ed. 4: 1-318. Walburg Pers, Zutphen.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
    • Cumana Campos, L.J. (2010). Clave para especies de Ludwigia L. (Onagraceae) de la región nor-oriental e insular de Venezuela depositadas en el herbario IRBR Acta botanica Venezuelica 33: 299-327.
    • Barua, I.C. (2010). The genus Ludwigia (Onagraceae) in India Rheedea 20: 59-70.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Pandey, R.P. (2009). Floristic diversity of Ferrargunj forest area in South Andaman Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33: 747-768.
    • GBIF (2008-continuously updated). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Hammel, B.E. & al. (eds.) (2007). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica, volumen VI, Dicotyledóneas (Haloragaceae-Phytolaccaceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 111: 1-933. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Correa A., Mireya D. Galdames, Carmen Correa A., M. D., C. Galdames & M. S. de Stapf (2004). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá: 1-599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Thaman, R.R., Fosberg, F.R., Manner, H.I. & Hassall, D.C. (1994). The Flora of Nauru Atoll Research Bulletin 392: 1-223.
    • Hancock, I.R. & Henderson, C.P. (1988). Flora of the Solomon Islands Research Bulletin Dodo Creek Research Station 7: 1-203.
    • Fosberg, F.R. & Sachet, M.-H. (1987). Flora of the Gilbert Island, Kiribati, Checklist Atoll Research Bulletin 295: 1-33.
    • Kobayashi, S. & Ono, M. (1987). A Revised List of Vascular Plants Indigenous and Introduced to the Bonin (Ogasawara) and the Volcano (Kazan) Islands Ogasawara Research 13: 1-55.
    • Woodroffe, C.D. (1985). Vegetation and flora of Nui Atoll, Tuvalu Atoll Research Bulletin 283: 1-18.
    • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.
    • Smith, A.C. (1985). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 3: 1-758. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
    • Banks, R.C. (ed.) (1982). Wildlife and wildlife habitat of American Samoa 2: 1-151. U.S. Fisch and Wildlife services, Washington.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1978). Flora Zambesiaca 4: 1-658. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Fosberg, F.R. (1975). Vascular plants of Aitutaki Atoll Research Bulletin 190: 73-84.
    • Parham, B.E.V. (1971). The Vegetation of the Tokelau Islands with special reference to the plants of Nukunonu Atoll New Zealand Journal of Botany 9: 576-609.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0