1. Family: Ebenaceae Gürke
    1. Euclea L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Egypt to S. Africa, Comoros, S. Arabian Peninsula.

    [FZ]

    Ebenaceae, F. White. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Trees, shrubs or suffrutices, usually evergreen.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, subopposite or siibverticillate, coriaceous, margin sometimes crenulate, otherwise entire.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a simple or branched false raceme, or rarely (not in our area) flowers solitary.
    Flowers
    Flowers dioecious, the male usually larger than the female.
    Calyx
    Calyx 4–5–lobed shallowly cyathiform or patelliform, not accrescent.
    Corolla
    Corolla campanulate, 4–5–lobed, usually to beyond the middle.
    Stamens
    Stamens 10–30, basically 2 opposite to and 2 alternating with each corolla lobe, but there are many modifications of this arrangement; anthers slightly exserted or at least clearly visible at the throat, lanceolate or narrowly oblong, usually strigulose, often dehiscing at first by large ellipsoidal apical pores which later become longitudinal slits; filaments usually shorter than the anthers.
    Pistil
    Pistillode usually very reduced, with or without stylodes.
    Disc
    Disk fleshy, fimbriate, sometimes undulate.
    Staminodes
    Staminodes absent or very reduced.
    Ovary
    Ovary globose, hairy or covered with peltate scales, locules usually 4–6 and uniovulate, occasionally 2–3 and incompletely septate and biovulate.
    Style
    Styles 2–3, free or united in lower half, often as long as ovary, usually glabrous, ending in a slightly expanded bilobed stigmatic surface.
    Fruits
    Fruit a small, globose, 1 (3)–seeded berry up to 1 cm. diameter; mesocarp exiguous.
    Seeds
    Seed subglobose, with 3 radiating lines from the apex; embryo with cotyledons flexed at right–angles to the radicle; radicle entirely surrounded by an invagination of the testa.
    [FTEA]

    Ebenaceae, F. White and B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Trees, shrubs or subshrubs, dioecious,usually evergreen
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, subopposite or subverticillate, coriaceous, entire or margin sometimes crenulate, often with scales beneath
    Flowers
    Flowers usually in simple or branched raceme-like inflorescences or rarely solitary (not in our area), the male usually larger than the female
    Calyx
    Calyx 4-5-lobed, shallowly cyathiform or patelliform, not accrescent
    Corolla
    Corolla campanulate, 4-5- lobed (very shallowly 5-8-lobed in subgen. Rymia ) usually to beyond the middle
    Stamens
    Stamens 10-30, basically 2 opposing and 2 alternating with each corolla-lobe but there are many modifications of this arrangement; anthers slightly exserted or at least clearly visible at the throat, lanceolate or narrowly oblong, usually strigulose, often dehiscing at first by large elliptical apical pores which later become longitudinal slits; filaments usually shorter than the anthers; rudimentary ovary usually very reduced, with or without styles
    Disc
    Disk fleshy, fimbriate, sometimes undulate
    Staminodes
    Staminodes absent or very reduced in female flowers
    Pistil
    Ovary globose, hairy or covered with peltate scales; locules usually 4-6 and 1-ovulate or occasionally 2-3, incompletely septate and 2-ovulate; styles 2-3, free or united below, often equalling the ovary, usually glabrous, ending in a slightly expanded bilobed stigmatic surface
    Fruits
    Fruit a 1(-3)-seeded globose berry up to 1 cm. diameter, mostly smaller, with thin mesocarp
    Seeds
    Seed subglobose with 3 radiating lines from the apex; embryo with cotyledons bent at right-angles to the radicle which is entirely surrounded by an invagination of the testa.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Oman, Rwanda, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Euclea L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Eyles, F. [8840], Zimbabwe 2510.000

    First published in J.A.Murray (ed.), Syst. Veg. ed. 13: 747 (1774)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Syst. Veg. ed. 13: 747 (1774).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Syst. Veg., ed. 13: 747 (1774)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0