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  1. Family: Elatinaceae Dumort.
    1. Elatine L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cosmopolitan.


    Elatinaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Small glabrous herbs, aquatic or found in damp situations.
    Leaves opposite or more rarely verticillate; stipules present.
    Flowers minute, solitary in the leaf axils.
    Sepals 2–4 shortly connate at the base, obtuse.
    Petals 2–4, free, white or pink.
    Stamens as many as the petals or twice the number.
    Ovary globose, 3–4-locular; styles minute, 3–4, spreading.
    Fruit globose; somewhat depressed at the apex, wall membranous; seeds numerous, straight or curved; testa with a scalariform reticulation.



    Native to:

    Alabama, Albania, Alberta, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil Southeast, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, California, Central European Rus, Chile Central, Chile South, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Ecuador, Falkland Is., Fiji, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, India, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Jawa, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Khabarovsk, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Labrador, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Louisiana, Madagascar, Maine, Mali, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Morocco, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Palestine, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Sicilia, South Australia, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sumatera, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Transcaucasus, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Siberia, Western Australia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yugoslavia

    Extinct in:


    Introduced into:

    Azores, Botswana, Chad, Haiti, KwaZulu-Natal, Namibia, Niger, North Dakota, Senegal, Yukon, Zimbabwe

    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Elatine L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Thomas, D.W. [2998], Cameroon K000106292
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 7454] K001127355


    First published in Sp. Pl.: 367 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.


    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • —Niedenzu in Engl. Pflanzenfam. 21: 274 (1925).

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 172 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 367 (1753)


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.