Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Sahara to Tropical Africa, Arabian Peninsula, Pakistan to India.
Cadaba farinosa

[FTEA]

Capparidaceae, J. Elffers, R. A. Graham & G. P. Dewolf. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1964

Morphology General Habit
Slender much branched and rather densely twiggy and tangled shrub with arching branches, up to 5 m. tall, or more rarely a tree to 8 m.
Morphology Stem
Young twigs farinaceous with small white sessile scales or with stalked scales or spreading glandular or eglandular hairs, sometimes all intermixed, becoming glabrous with age.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blade elliptic to roundly elliptic, sometimes obovate or obovate-oblong, 5–50 mm. long, 3–30 mm. wide, apically mucronulate, sometimes minutely so, rounded, emarginate or obtuse, farinaceous, especially when young; petiole up to 3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a rather dense but few-flowered shortly subcorymbose raceme; pedicels 5–15 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Outer sepals 5–14 mm. long, strongly concave, acute and apiculate, covered with sessile scales, sometimes with stalked glands or with glandular hairs only; inner sepals much more obtuse and flatter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 10–13 mm. long, creamy-yellow or dirty pink; blade narrowly lanceolate-elliptic, long-clawed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androphore
Androphore up to 5–8 mm. long; appendage of similar length and arising practically at right angles; stamens 4–5; filaments 1–2 cm. long, glabrous; anthers 2.75–4 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynophore
Gynophore usually densely covered with stalked scales.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits narrowly cylindrical, up to 40 mm. long, 4 mm. across, obscurely torulose, farinaceous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds surrounded by a red or orange membrane or flesh.

[FWTA]

Capparidaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Morphology General Habit
A hoary shrub, branched from the base, erect or scrambling amongst other shrubs and trees
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits subtorulose, 11/2-21/2 in. long.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Slender shrub
Morphology Twigs
Young twigs densely covered with sessile or subsessile scales, sometimes mixed with stiff glandular and eglandular hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate on young shoots, clustered on older wood; blade elliptic to obovate, 4–40 x 3–25(–30) mm, apically rounded or retuse, mucronulate, basally rounded or cuneate, farinose on both surfaces or glabrescent; petiole up to 3–4 mm long, densely farinose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Raceme few-flowered, with farinose rhachis 0.8–3(–4.5) cm long; bracts trifid, with reduced central segment; pedicels 0.7–1.5 cm long, farinose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4, ovate-elliptic, commonly 5–12 x 4 mm, farinose outside, puberulous at margins
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4, with claw 6–7 mm long and oblanceolate blade, 4–5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androphore
Androphore 7–9 mm long; appendage tubular, apically enlarged, 6–7 mm long; stamens 5; filaments 1–1.4 cm long; anthers 3.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynophore
Gynophore 0.8–1.2 cm long, sparsely covered with subsessile or short-stalked glands; ovary cylindrical, 4–4.5 x 0.5–0.8 mm, farinose, with flattened sessile stigma
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit cylindrical, ± torulose, 2.2–4 x 0.2–0.3 cm, densely farinose.
Vernacular
Anamice, caanamacays, ditab, dornai, mnioca-pala, qalaanqal (Somali).

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, India, Kenya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Western Sahara, Yemen, Zaïre

Cadaba farinosa Forssk. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2012 Congdon, T.C.E. [776], Tanzania K000787995
Troupin, G. [4140], Congo, DRC 9007.000
Tweedie [1028], Kenya 9009.000

First published in Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 68 (1775)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Miller, A.G. & Cope, T.A. (1996). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 1: 1-586. Edinburgh university press.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Nasir, E. & Ali, S.I. (eds.) (1970-1995). Flora of West Pakistan 1-131.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Chev. Fl. Viv. 1: 178.
  • Gilg & Benedict in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 53: 225 (1915)
  • —F.T.A. 1: 89

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by S. Fici [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Pickering, H. & Awale, A. I. (2018). Introduction to plants in Central Somaliland. Ponte Invisibile, Redsea Cultural Foundation.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Battiscombe & Dale, Trees and Shrubs of Kenya Colony p. 11 (1936).
  • Chiov., Fl. Somala 2: 7 (1932).
  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 115 (1961).
  • E. Lind & A. Tallantire, Some Common Flowering Plants of Uganda p. 49 (1962).
  • F. W. Andr., Fl. Pl. A.-E. Sudan 1: 35, fig. 28 (1950).
  • Forsk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 68 (1775).
  • Gilg & Bened. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 53: 225 (1915).
  • Gilg in A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(1): 246, fig. 162 (1915).
  • Gilg in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 186 (1895).
  • Hauman & Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 2: 484 (1951).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 110 (1949).
  • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 90 (1954).
  • Oliv. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 89 (1868).

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/