1. Family: Capparaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Capparis Tourn. ex L.
      1. Capparis brassii DC.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa, S. Mozambique to E. Cape Prov.

    [FZ]

    Capparidaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    A thorny climber or trailing bush with the young branches flexuous and pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 2.5–6.0 x 0.4–1.7 cm., narrowly oblong-lanceolate, blunt and minutely emarginate at the apex, rounded at the base, glabrous on both sides or the midrib downy; midrib immersed above, prominent below, lateral nerves inconspicuous; petiole up to 5 mm. long, somewhat channelled and pubescent on the upper side.
    Flowers
    Flowers sweet-scented, in axillary 4–10-flowered racemes as long as the leaves or shorter, or the uppermost in leafless panicles; pedicels up to 8 mm. long, slender, pubescent; bracts up to 1.5 mm. long, pubescent, linear.
    Calyx
    Sepals up to 5 mm. long, rotund-ovate, rounded at the apex, glabrous.
    Corolla
    Petals yellow, as long as the sepals, broadly oblong, rounded at the apex, sparsely pubescent towards the base within.
    Stamens
    Stamens up to c. 30 with filaments c. 6 mm. long; plants often with staminate flowers only, fertile flowers usually with fewer stamens and these caducous.
    Gynophore
    Gynophore up to 6 mm. long.
    Ovary
    Ovary ovoid; stigma capitate on a very short style.
    Fruits
    Fruit orange or red, up to 1.7 cm. in diam., globose, several-seeded.
    [FWTA]

    Capparidaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Habit
    A prickly scrambling or climbing shrub
    Leaves
    Dark-green leaves
    Flowers
    White fragrant flowers
    Fruits
    Fruit orange or red, globose or shortly cylindrical, 1/2-3/4 in. diam.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Cape Provinces, Ghana, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Togo

    Capparis brassii DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1959 unknown [26], KwaZulu-Natal K000230811
    Jan 1, 1959 Gerrard, W.T. [413], KwaZulu-Natal K000230810
    Morton, J.K. [A1603], Ghana K000040208
    Milne-Redhead, E. [5077], Ghana Capparis thonningii 11926.000
    Milne-Redhead, E. [5161], Ghana Capparis thonningii 16176.000
    Hall, J.B. [1848], Ghana Capparis thonningii K000040207

    First published in Prodr. 1: 248 (1824)

    Accepted by

    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0