1. Family: Capparaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Capparis L.
      1. Capparis fascicularis DC.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Capparidaceae, J. Elffers, R. A. Graham & G. P. Dewolf. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1964

    Habit
    Scrambling shrub, up to 3–4 m. tall, sometimes with branches to 10 m. long.
    Stem
    Twigs densely appressed-pubescent, at least when young.
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate; blade generally narrowly lanceolate or elliptic, sometimes broadly so, 0.7–6 cm. long, 0.4–3.2 cm. wide, rounded, emarginate, sometimes mucronulate, cuneate, rounded or subcordate at the base, rather thick, appressed-pubescent or rarely subglabrous; petiole 3–7 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers in few–many-flowered axillary fascicles; pedicels 5–30 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Sepals 3–5 mm. long, pubescent.
    Corolla
    Petals 4–7 mm. long, glabrous or pubescent.
    Stamens
    Stamens 5–21; filaments 2–10 mm. long.
    Gynophore
    Gynophore about as long as the stamens; ovary ovoid, attenuate above.
    Fruits
    Fruits subglobose or irregular in shape when dried, up to 2 cm. in diameter, orange or red, 1–several-seeded.
    [FWTA]

    Capparidaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Habit
    Scrambling shrub, to 20 ft. high, similar to the preceding (Capparis corymbosa), but calyx silky pubescent
    Flowers
    Petals and filaments white.
    [FZ]

    Capparidaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Thorny, scrambling shrub up to 4 m. tall, often climbing over other shrubs and trees; branches rather zigzag, fulvous-pubescent at least when young; bark green or greenish-black; spines sometimes absent on the young branches.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 2.2–6.0 x 0.7–2.2 cm., coriaceous, narrowly oblong to elliptic-oblong, rounded or subacute and often emarginate at the apex, broadly cuneate or rounded at the base, sparsely pubescent especially near the midrib or glabrescent; petiole up to 6 mm. long, pubescent or glabrescent.
    Flowers
    Flowers in aphyllous racemes borne terminally on side branches or in the upper leaf-axils, or the lower flowers in the axils of reduced leaves; pedicels up to 8 mm. long, densely fulvous-pubescent.
    Calyx
    Sepals 4–6 mm. long, broadly elliptic to rotund, concave, rounded at the apex, densely fulvous-pilose outside.
    Corolla
    Petals whitish, 5–8 x 2–3.5 mm., obovate-oblong to elliptic, rounded at the apex, villous outside and towards the base inside.
    Stamens
    Stamens c. 8 on filaments up to 1.0 cm. long.
    Gynophore
    Gynophore c. 1 cm. long.
    Ovary
    Ovary ovoid, narrowing into a short conical style; stigma minutely capitate, not wider than the style.
    Fruits
    Ripe fruit not known.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burkina, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Chad, Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Uganda

    Capparis fascicularis DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hall, J.B. [2716], Ghana K000354921
    Meikle, R.D. [1366], Nigeria Capparis rothii 16178.000

    First published in Prodr. 1: 248 (1824)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Berhaut, J. (1974). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 2: 1-695. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 119 (1961).
    • DC., Prodr. 1: 248 (1824).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0