1. Family: Capparaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Capparis Tourn. ex L.
      1. Capparis sepiaria L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is India to China (S. Guangxi, S. Guangdong) and N. Australia.

    [FZ]

    Capparidaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Thorny, much branched or subscandent shrub to 6 m. tall or sometimes climbing over tall trees; young branches green and smooth, glabrous or with an appressed pubescence on the young parts.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 1.2–5 x 0.4–2.8 cm., lanceolate, oblong-elliptic or elliptic, rounded or emarginate at the apex, rounded or slightly cordate at the base, appressed-pubescent on both sides; petiole up to 5 mm. long, appressed-pubescent.
    Flowers
    Flowers 4–6 which are together in condensed racemes, terminal or often on short side branches 2–4 cm. long, or single in the axils of the upper leaves; pedicels up to 2 cm. long, slender, glabrescent.
    Buds
    Buds globose.
    Calyx
    Sepals 4–6 mm. long, concave, orbicular, membranous-margined, glabrous or almost so, sometimes minutely ciliolate on the margins.
    Corolla
    Petals up to 8 mm. long, spathulate, rounded at the apex, pilose within and at the margins, more densely so towards the base.
    Stamens
    Stamens 40–50, with slender filaments c. 1.3 cm. long.
    Gynophore
    Gynophore about the same length as the stamens.
    Ovary
    Ovary ovoid, sometimes oblique, with an apiculate stigma.
    Fruits
    Fruit yellowish, 1–1.3 cm. in diam., globose.
    Seeds
    Seed usually single, c. 6 mm. in diam., discoid, brown, smooth.
    [FTEA]

    Capparidaceae, J. Elffers, R. A. Graham & G. P. Dewolf. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1964

    Habit
    Spreading or scrambling, much branched shrub, 3–4 m. tall with branches to 10 m. long.
    Stem
    Young twigs glabrous or appressed- to spreading-pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate; blade elliptic, ovate, oblanceolate to obovate or suborbicular, 1.2–7 cm. long, 0.7–4 cm. wide, generally rounded, emarginate, with the midrib frequently terminating in a minute mucro, rounded to subcordate at the base; petiole 2–6 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers in racemose often corymbose clusters of 2–20 or more, terminal on the main and short reduced lateral shoots, sometimes solitary in the leaf-axils below; pedicels 4–25 mm. long, glabrous or pubescent.
    Calyx
    Sepals 4–8 mm. long, glabrous or variously pubescent with a scarious or ciliate margin.
    Corolla
    Petals oblong or oblong-spathulate, 5–8 mm. long, pubescent at the base, with the upper part usually glabrous outside and pubescent within.
    Stamens
    Stamens 30–40, 7–14 mm. long.
    Gynophore
    Gynophore 8–15 mm. long in flower, up to 9–15 mm. long, 1–2 mm. thick in fruit.
    Fruits
    Fruits globose, 9–12 mm. in diameter, crustaceous.
    Distribution
    Widespread in Africa and extending to China and Australia (New South Wales).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China Southeast, Hainan, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Northern Territory, Philippines, Queensland, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Thailand, Vietnam, Western Australia

    Capparis sepiaria L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 1, 1961 Collett, H. [538], Burma K000247335 Unknown type material
    Oct 1, 1961 Collet, H. [538], Burma K000247336 Unknown type material
    Jul 1, 1599 Escritor, L. [s.n.], Philippines K000643992
    McWhite, J. [137], Madagascar 32200.000
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 6993], India K001126525
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6993] K001126517
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6993] K001126518
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6993] K001126519
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6993] K001126520
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6993] K001126521
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6993] K001126522
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6993], India K001126523
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6993], India K001126524
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6993] K001126526 Unknown type material
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6993] K001126527 Unknown type material
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6993] K001126528
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 7005], Myanmar Capparis glauca K001126549
    May 1, 1961 Brown, R. [4931], Australia Capparis umbellata K000651069 isotype
    May 1, 1961 Brown, R. [s.n.], Australia Capparis umbellata K000651070 isotype
    Brown, R. [s.n.], Australia Capparis umbellata K000651072
    illegible [s.n.], Australia Capparis umbellata K000651071
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6994] Capparis incanescens K001126529

    First published in Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 1071 (1759)

    Accepted by

    • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
    • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.
    • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2008). Flora of China 7: 1-499. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
    • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Turner, I.M. (1995). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(1): 1-346.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 119 (1961).
    • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 1: 237, t. 37C (1960).
    • DC., Prodr. 1: 247 (1824).
    • L., Sp. Pl., ed. 2, 1: 720 (1762).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0