1. Family: Capparaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Capparis L.
      1. Capparis tomentosa Lam.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Mauritius.

    [FTEA]

    Capparidaceae, J. Elffers, R. A. Graham & G. P. Dewolf. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1964

    Habit
    Scrambling shrub or small tree up to 10 m. high or long.
    Stem
    Young twigs appressed-pubescent, frequently glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate; blade elliptic-lanceolate, elliptic, oblong-elliptic, ovate or obovate, 1.5–9 cm. long, 1–5.5 cm. wide, acute or rounded, generally slightly emarginate, frequently glabrous or glabrescent; petiole 4–12 mm. long, frequently appressed-pubescent.
    Flowers
    Flowers generally borne in clusters, terminal on the primary branches or on short leafy lateral branchlets, occasionally scattered in the upper leaf-axils; pedicels 1.5–5 cm. long, densely appressed-pubescent.
    Calyx
    Sepals boat-shaped, 8–10 mm. long, densely appressed-pubescent outside,with a scarious margin.
    Corolla
    Petals oblong-obdeltoid, 1.5–2.5 cm. long, 0.7–1 cm. wide, rounded, frequently broadly emarginate, whitish, with a long ciliate and pubescent base.
    Stamens
    Stamens 2–3.5 cm. long, whitish or pinkish, or with a crimson base.
    Gynophore
    Gynophore 2.5–5 cm. long, stout in fruit.
    Fruits
    Fruits globose, up to 5 cm. in diameter, reddish or yellowish.
    Seeds
    Seeds several, embedded in a pinkish flesh.
    Habitat
    Deciduous bushland and thicket, grassland with scattered trees, riverine vegetation, sometimes on termite-hills; 0–2500 m.
    Distribution
    widespread through tropical Africa, from Senegal to Eritrea and southwards to Natal K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7
    [FZ]

    Capparidaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    A spiny, erect or scrambling shrub 1–3 m. tall or climbing over other vegetation to 6 m. or perhaps more; young branches covered with a dense, greyish or brownish pubescence; shorter side-branches often at right angles to the main stems.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 3–6 x 1.5–3 cm., oblong or elliptic, rounded and mucronulate or slightly emarginate at the apex, rounded or broadly cuneate at the base, tomentose, thinly hairy or glabrescent above, ± tomentose below; petioles 5–10 mm. long, densely pubescent.
    Flowers
    Flowers scented, in terminal corymbs of 3–15 flowers, the lower pedicels solitary in the axils of the upper leaves, the upper with linear tomentose bracts c. 3 mm. long; pedicels up to 3 cm. long, densely pubescent.
    Buds
    Buds globose.
    Calyx
    Sepals 8–10 mm. long, orbicular, with a caducous greyish or brownish tomentum outside.
    Corolla
    Petals pale yellowish-green, spathulate or cuneiform-truncate at the apex, with white hairs at the base within.
    Stamens
    Stamens c. 80 with white or pinkish slender filaments up to 4 cm. long.
    Gynophore
    Gynophore up to 4 cm. long, slender.
    Ovary
    Ovary ovoid, bluntly apiculate at the apex.
    Fruits
    Fruit up to 5 cm. in diam., globose, reddish-orange, on a very stout gynophore.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 1.4 x 0.8 cm. when mature, ovoid, smooth, embedded in a pinkish flesh.
    [FWTA]

    Capparidaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Habit
    A thorny climbing shrub
    Flowers
    Flowers sweet-scented, petals white, stamens pink
    Fruits
    Fruit orange-yellow.
    [FWTA]

    Capparidaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Habit
    A prickly woody climber
    Flowers
    Flowers conspicuous, pink and white.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Common Names

    English
    Woolly Caper Bush

    Capparis tomentosa Lam. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 6, 1987 Koning, J de [7657], Mozambique K000282763
    Jun 16, 1978 Daramola, B.O. [62992], Nigeria K000354923
    Dec 1, 1959 Maitland, T.D. [241], Cameroon K000105776
    Dec 1, 1959 Maitland, T.D. [241], Cameroon K000105777
    Jan 1, 1959 Fox, R.H. [29], Gambia K000354927
    Jan 1, 1959 Kitson, A. [967], Ghana K000354926
    Jan 1, 1957 Atherstone, D. [27], Botswana K000282759
    Feb 2, 1859 [Richacy, A.] [s.n.], Eritrea K000669362
    Milne-Redhead, E. [4524], Zambia 16177.000
    Brenan, J.P.M. [7754], Zambia 4932.000
    Tweedie, E.M. [1948], Kenya 3164.000
    Tweedie, E.M. [4108], Kenya 36231.000
    Robson, N.K.B. [1407], Malawi 18921.000
    Dalziel, J.M. [137], Nigeria K000354922
    Richards, H.M. [17578], Tanzania 26555.000
    Richards, H.M. [18282], Tanzania 26588.000
    Codd, L.E. [7406], Zambia K000282760
    Tuley, P. [2268], Nigeria K000354924
    Headley, P.M. [227], Ethiopia 7505.000
    Robertson, N.F. [40], Ghana K000354928
    Hagerup, O. [7], Senegal K000354929
    Lugard, E.J. [18], Botswana K000282758
    Heudelot, D. [s.n.], Senegal K000354930
    Smith, P.A. [2499], Botswana K000282756
    Smith, P.A. [133], Botswana K000282761
    Smith, P.A. [2499], Botswana K000282762
    Maui, S. [1123], Botswana K000282757
    Bergen, V. [11], Senegal K000354925

    First published in Encycl. 1: 606 (1785)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Fl. Seneg. 23
    • Chev. Fl. Viv. 1: 175, partly.
    • Gilg & Benedict in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 53: 189, partly
    • F.T.A. 1: 96, partly (var. α )
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • E. Lind & A. Tallantire, Some Common Flowering Plants of Uganda p. 49 (1962).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 61 (1962).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 120 (1961).
    • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 1: 236 (1960).
    • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 90 (1954).
    • Milne-Redh. in Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 8: 216 (1953).
    • Hauman & Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 2: 460, t. 46 (1951).
    • F. W. Andr., Fl. Pl. A.-E. Sudan 1: 41, fig. 33 (1950).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 114 (1949).
    • Exell & Mendonça in Consp. Fl. Angol. 1: 62 (1937).
    • Battiscombe & Dale, Trees and Shrubs of Kenya Colony p. 12 (1936).
    • Gilg in A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(1): 235, fig. 149 (1915).
    • Gilg & Bened. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 53: 189 (1915).
    • Gilg in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 185 (1895).
    • Engl., Hochgeb. Trop. Afr.: 227 (1892).
    • Oliv. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 96 (1868).
    • Lam., Encycl. 1: 606 (1785).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
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