1. Family: Capparaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cladostemon A.Braun & Vatke
      1. Cladostemon kirkii (Oliv.) Pax & Gilg

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya toKwaZulu-Natal.


    Capparidaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Glabrous bush or small tree not more than 6 m. tall in our area; young branches rather soft and green becoming pale brown.
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets 3.5–13 x 0.5–7 cm., membranous, elliptic or narrowly ovate, acute or acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, the lateral leaflets often asymmetric, undulate and crisped at the margin at least when young; petiole slender, up to 12 cm. long; petiolules up to 4 mm. long, articulate at the base.
    Flowers in lax, terminal or axillary, corymbose racemes; pedicels up to 7.5 cm. long; bracts similar to the leaves but smaller.
    Sepals c. 1.5 x 0.4 cm., free or almost free, lanceolate, acuminate, with a strong mid-nerve.
    Petals pale yellowish, yellowish-green or almost white, the two upper larger, up to 6 x 3 cm., elliptic, attenuate-acuminate at the apex, cuneate with a short claw at the base, undulate and crisped at the margins, with a distinct midrib, lower petals markedly smaller and narrower, 2–3 cm. long.
    Appendage diverging from the base of the gynophore, equalling or exceeding the sepals and divided into 5–6 filiform segments each terminating in an oblong appendage. Gynophore up to 12 cm. long with the 5–9 stamens adherent for 2/3–8/9 of its length; free portion of filaments up to 2.5 cm. long, slender, arising irregularly from the gynophore; anthers c. 0.9 mm. long, linear.
    Ovary c. 5 x 3.5 mm., ovoid.
    Fruit up to 9 cm. in diam., with a tough coriaceous pericarp, pale brown, globose above, narrowing abruptly below into a stalk 10–20 cm. long, which is thicker for the first 3–4 cm. below the globose portion.
    Seeds numerous, 1–1.3 cm. in diam., subglobose, brown, irregularly compressed.

    Capparidaceae, J. Elffers, R. A. Graham & G. P. Dewolf. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1964

    Small sparingly branched tree or a shrub, rarely a scrambler, to 10 m. tall.
    Leaves petiolate, 3-foliolate; leaflets shortly petiolulate, 4–11.5 cm. long, 2–4.5 cm. wide, acuminate, rounded or acute at the apex, cuneate or slightly decurrent on the petiolule; petiole 3–14 cm. long.
    Inflorescence pseudo-terminal or terminal, the axis sometimes apparently growing forward into a leafy shoot, which may again produce an inflorescence; pedicels 2.5–6.5 cm. long.
    Sepals lanceolate, 16–20 mm. long.
    Adaxial petals ovate, strongly clawed, up to 7 cm. long, 3 cm. wide; abaxial petals linear-oblong or linear-lanceolate, up to 5 mm. long, chartaceous or fleshy, green turning reddish.
    Androphore 4–10 cm. long, longer or shorter than the gynophore; fertile stamens 6–8; staminode arises adaxially at the base of the androphore, short, cylindrical, surmounted by a number of usually well-developed stamens, the whole 0.5–3 cm. or more long.
    Gynophore arises from the androphore below the insertion of the filaments, much thickened in fruit.
    Fruits large, globose, up to 10 cm. in diameter.
    Fig. 12.
    Lowland dry evergreen forest, deciduous thicket and secondary scrub; 0–800 m.
    K1 K7 T3 T6 T8



    Native to:

    Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Cladostemon kirkii (Oliv.) Pax & Gilg appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Kirk [26], Mozambique K000669272
    Hildebrandt, J.M. [1993], Tanzania K000669275
    Fetso [2562], Kenya K000449454

    First published in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 185 (1895)

    Accepted by

    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Elffers, J., Graham, R.A. & Dewolf, G.P. (1964). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Capparidaceae: 1-88.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.


    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 61 (1962).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 120 (1961).
    • Wild in Flora ZambesiacaI: 211, t. 33 A (1960).
    • Hauman & Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 2: 483 (1951).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 114 (1949).
    • Milne-Redh. in Kew Bulletin 3: 449 (1949).
    • Gilg in A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3 (1): 233 (1915).
    • Gilg & Bened. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 53: 183 (1915).
    • Pax & Gilg in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 185 (1895).


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0