1. Family: Capparaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cladostemon A.Braun & Vatke
      1. Cladostemon kirkii (Oliv.) Pax & Gilg

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya toKwaZulu-Natal.

    [FZ]

    Capparidaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Glabrous bush or small tree not more than 6 m. tall in our area; young branches rather soft and green becoming pale brown.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets 3.5–13 x 0.5–7 cm., membranous, elliptic or narrowly ovate, acute or acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, the lateral leaflets often asymmetric, undulate and crisped at the margin at least when young; petiole slender, up to 12 cm. long; petiolules up to 4 mm. long, articulate at the base.
    Flowers
    Flowers in lax, terminal or axillary, corymbose racemes; pedicels up to 7.5 cm. long; bracts similar to the leaves but smaller.
    Calyx
    Sepals c. 1.5 x 0.4 cm., free or almost free, lanceolate, acuminate, with a strong mid-nerve.
    Corolla
    Petals pale yellowish, yellowish-green or almost white, the two upper larger, up to 6 x 3 cm., elliptic, attenuate-acuminate at the apex, cuneate with a short claw at the base, undulate and crisped at the margins, with a distinct midrib, lower petals markedly smaller and narrower, 2–3 cm. long.
    Gynophore
    Appendage diverging from the base of the gynophore, equalling or exceeding the sepals and divided into 5–6 filiform segments each terminating in an oblong appendage. Gynophore up to 12 cm. long with the 5–9 stamens adherent for 2/3–8/9 of its length; free portion of filaments up to 2.5 cm. long, slender, arising irregularly from the gynophore; anthers c. 0.9 mm. long, linear.
    Ovary
    Ovary c. 5 x 3.5 mm., ovoid.
    Fruits
    Fruit up to 9 cm. in diam., with a tough coriaceous pericarp, pale brown, globose above, narrowing abruptly below into a stalk 10–20 cm. long, which is thicker for the first 3–4 cm. below the globose portion.
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, 1–1.3 cm. in diam., subglobose, brown, irregularly compressed.
    [FTEA]

    Capparidaceae, J. Elffers, R. A. Graham & G. P. Dewolf. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1964

    Habit
    Small sparingly branched tree or a shrub, rarely a scrambler, to 10 m. tall.
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate, 3-foliolate; leaflets shortly petiolulate, 4–11.5 cm. long, 2–4.5 cm. wide, acuminate, rounded or acute at the apex, cuneate or slightly decurrent on the petiolule; petiole 3–14 cm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence pseudo-terminal or terminal, the axis sometimes apparently growing forward into a leafy shoot, which may again produce an inflorescence; pedicels 2.5–6.5 cm. long.
    Calyx
    Sepals lanceolate, 16–20 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Adaxial petals ovate, strongly clawed, up to 7 cm. long, 3 cm. wide; abaxial petals linear-oblong or linear-lanceolate, up to 5 mm. long, chartaceous or fleshy, green turning reddish.
    Androphore
    Androphore 4–10 cm. long, longer or shorter than the gynophore; fertile stamens 6–8; staminode arises adaxially at the base of the androphore, short, cylindrical, surmounted by a number of usually well-developed stamens, the whole 0.5–3 cm. or more long.
    Gynophore
    Gynophore arises from the androphore below the insertion of the filaments, much thickened in fruit.
    Fruits
    Fruits large, globose, up to 10 cm. in diameter.
    Figures
    Fig. 12.
    Habitat
    Lowland dry evergreen forest, deciduous thicket and secondary scrub; 0–800 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K7 T3 T6 T8

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Cladostemon kirkii (Oliv.) Pax & Gilg appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Kirk [26], Mozambique K000669272
    Hildebrandt, J.M. [1993], Tanzania K000669275
    Fetso [2562], Kenya K000449454

    First published in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 185 (1895)

    Accepted by

    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Elffers, J., Graham, R.A. & Dewolf, G.P. (1964). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Capparidaceae: 1-88.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 61 (1962).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 120 (1961).
    • Wild in Flora ZambesiacaI: 211, t. 33 A (1960).
    • Hauman & Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 2: 483 (1951).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 114 (1949).
    • Milne-Redh. in Kew Bulletin 3: 449 (1949).
    • Gilg in A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3 (1): 233 (1915).
    • Gilg & Bened. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 53: 183 (1915).
    • Pax & Gilg in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 185 (1895).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0