1. Family: Cleomaceae Airy Shaw
    1. Genus: Cleome L.
      1. Cleome rutidosperma DC.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Verde, Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Capparidaceae, J. Elffers, R. A. Graham & G. P. Dewolf. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1964

    Habit
    Annual herb, branched, rather weak but erect, up to 5 dm.
    Stem
    Stem with few or more rarely many eglandular hairs or stalked glands on the upper part.
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate, 3-foliolate; leaflets elliptic, obovate-elliptic or practically rhombic, 1–6 cm. long, 0.4–1.8 cm. wide, glabrous or sparsely setulose-pubescent; petiole up to 7 cm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence lax and not clearly demarcated, very short or up to 20 cm. long; bracts usually similar in size to the leaves.
    Calyx
    Sepals linear to linear-lanceolate, (2–)3–4.5 mm. long, glandular-puberulent.
    Corolla
    Petals pink or magenta, ± 1 cm. long.
    Stamens
    Stamens 6.
    Gynophore
    Gynophore 5–8(–13) mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsules 3–6 cm. long, glabrous or subglabrous.
    Seeds
    Seeds ±1.8 mm. in diameter, orange to brown, with fine longitudinal striations and low irregular transverse ridges.
    Figures
    Fig. 2/18.
    Habitat
    Cultivated and disturbed ground, usually of rather damp situations; 900–1150 m.
    Distribution
    Sudan and Congo Republics, west to Guinée Republic, also Northern Rhodesia and Angolaadventive in Malaysia and the New World T4 T6 U3
    [FZ]

    Capparidaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Annual herb up to about 1 m. tall, usually with spreading branches or sometimes procumbent; stems greenish, striate and sparsely setulose-pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate or rarely 5-foliolate, petiolate; leaflets 0.75–4.0 x 0.4–1.75 cm. rhomboid-elliptic to lanceolate, acute or acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base, minutely and sparsely setulose-pubescent on both sides or glabrescent, decreasing in size up the stem and becoming gradually more nearly sessile.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a rather lax terminal raceme; bracts usually 3-foliolate, sessile at the top of the stem, passing imperceptibly into the leaves; pedicels up to 2.5 cm. long or up to 3 cm. in fruit, very slender, puberulous.
    Calyx
    Sepals c. 5 mm. long, linear-lanceolate or linear-subulate, caudate at the apex, somewhat keeled, sparsely puberulous on the back and margins.
    Corolla
    Petals up to 1.2 x 0.2 cm., pinkish- or bluish-purple, with a lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, mucronate lamina and a basal claw about 1/3 the length of the lamina.
    Stamens
    Stamens 6, filaments slender, slightly shorter than the petals, the two lower slightly longer than the rest, anther-thecae up to 2.5 mm. long, narrowly linear, connective minutely apiculate.
    Pistil
    Ovary linear, subsessile, glandular-puberulous; style very short; stigma capitate.
    Fruits
    Capsule up to 7 x 0.4 cm., linear, tapering to both ends, on a glabrous gynophore c. 6 mm. long; valves glabrous or with a few scattered subsessile glands, with about 8 longitudinal anastomosing nerves; style persistent and elongating to 2–3 mm.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 1.5 mm. in diam., brown, transversely ridged.
    [FWTA]

    Capparidaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Habit
    Annual weed of waste places and fields, 2–3 ft. high
    Flowers
    Flowers white, lilac or pink.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Brazil North, Cambodia, Chagos Archipelago, Christmas I., Cuba, Dominican Republic, Florida, French Guiana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Mexico Northwest, Nauru, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Panamá, Puerto Rico, South Carolina, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Windward Is.

    Cleome rutidosperma DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [1779], Cameroon K000008514
    Jan 1, 1994 Cheek, M. [5205], Cameroon K000510909
    Jan 1, 1993 Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [396], Cameroon K000510903
    Jan 1, 1993 Kwangue, A. [15], Cameroon K000510906
    Jan 1, 1978 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [8528], Cameroon K000105676
    Olorunfemi, J. [FHI 30525], Cameroon K000105673
    Olorunfemi, J. [FHI 30744], Cameroon K000105674
    Maitland, T.D. [0s.n.17], Cameroon K000105675
    Migeod, F. [263], Cameroon K000094625
    Thompson, S.A. [1498], Cameroon K000105677

    First published in Prodr. 1: 241 (1824)

    Accepted by

    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Velayos, M., Barberá, P., Cabezas, F.J., de la Estrella, M., Fero, M. & Aedo, C. (2014). Checklist of the vascular plants of Annobón (Equatorial Guinea) Phytotaxa 171: 1-78.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Leti, M., Hul, S., Fouché, J.-G., Cheng, S.K. & David, B. (2013). Flore photographique du Cambodge: 1-589. Éditions Privat, Toulouse.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Pandey, R.P. (2009). Floristic diversity of Ferrargunj forest area in South Andaman Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33: 747-768.
    • Buragohain, S. & Sarma, G.C. (2009). The exotic weeds of Guwahati, Assam and their role in employment generation Pleione 3(1): 45-49.
    • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India Pleione 3: 190-200.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Thaman, R.R., Fosberg, F.R., Manner, H.I. & Hassall, D.C. (1994). The Flora of Nauru Atoll Research Bulletin 392: 1-223.
    • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
    • Elffers, J., Graham, R.A. & Dewolf, G.P. (1964). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Capparidaceae: 1-88.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Leti, M., Hul, S., Fouché, J.-G., Cheng, S.K. & David, B. (2013). Flore photographique du Cambodge: 1-589. Éditions Privat, Toulouse.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2010). Flora of North America North of Mexico 7: 1-797. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Pandey, R.P. (2009). Floristic diversity of Ferrargunj forest area in South Andaman Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33: 747-768.
    • Buragohain, S. & Sarma, G.C. (2009). The exotic weeds of Guwahati, Assam and their role in employment generation Pleione 3(1): 45-49.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Thaman, R.R., Fosberg, F.R., Manner, H.I. & Hassall, D.C. (1994). The Flora of Nauru Atoll Research Bulletin 392: 1-223.
    • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 1: 565 (1961).
    • Iltis in Brittonia 12: 290, fig. 1 (1960).
    • DC., Prodr. 1: 241 (1824).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0