1. Family: Capparaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Crateva L.
      1. Crateva adansonii DC.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Capparidaceae, J. Elffers, R. A. Graham & G. P. Dewolf. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1964

    Habit
    Small deciduous tree or shrub, unarmed, round-crowned, 6–15 m. tall, glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate; leaflets shortly petiolulate, elliptic or elliptic-lanceolate, 3–12.5 cm. long, 1–4.8 cm. wide, acuminate at the apex, cuneate at the base and somewhat decurrent into the petiolule, slightly unequal sided; petiole 2.5–8.5 cm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence-axis l–2.5(–7.5) cm. long; pedicels 1.5–4 cm. long; flowers appearing before or just after the flush of new leaves.
    Calyx
    Sepals 4, deltoid or lanceolate, up to 4 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Petals 4, ovate, eventually up to 30 mm. long, 17 mm. wide, the 2 adaxial ones generally somewhat the larger, clawed, white or yellowish.
    Stamens
    Stamens 2–3.5(–5) cm. long, white with purplish anthers.
    Gynophore
    Gynophore stout, 2.5– 5 cm. long or reduced and the gynoecium ? non-functional.
    Fruits
    Fruits globose, 4–5 cm. in diameter, yellowish.
    Figures
    Fig. 4, p. 19.
    Habitat
    Scattered-tree grassland, riverine forest and old termite-mounds; 600–1400 m.
    Distribution
    Northern Rhodesia, Rwanda, Congo and Sudan Republics to Senegal, also Ethiopia and Eritrea. In the area of this Flora the species is almost entirely confined to the R. Nile drainage area. K1 K2 K3 T1 T4 U1 U2 U3 U4

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Crateva adansonii DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1983 Chapman, J.D. [5293], Nigeria K000354945
    Jan 1, 1980 Ern, H. [3063], Togo K000354938
    Milne-Redhead, E. [5020], Nigeria 23697.000
    Bally, P.R.O. [57], Ghana K000354936
    Onochie, C.F.A. [40860], Nigeria K000354939
    Dalziel, J.M. [1149], Nigeria K000354940
    Meikle, R.D. [708], Nigeria K000354941
    Pobéguin, M. [643], Guinea K000354933
    Heudelot, D. [s.n.], Senegal K000354931
    Irvine, F.R. [1975], Ghana K000354937
    Chevalier, A.J.B. [567], Guinea K000354934
    Saunders, D.H. [58], Gambia K000354932
    Davey, J.T. [506], Mali K000354935
    Ryan, J.D. [62], Nigeria K000354943
    Mar, H.V.L. [185], Nigeria K000354944

    First published in Prodr. 1: 243 (1824)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Elffers, J., Graham, R.A. & Dewolf, G.P. (1964). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Capparidaceae: 1-88.

    Not accepted by

    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828. [Cited as Crateva religiosa.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 121, fig. 23 (1961).
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 73, photo. 11, fig. 18 (1952).
    • F. W. Andr., Fl. Pl. A.-E. Sudan 1: 47, fig. 36 (1950).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 115 (1949).
    • Hutch. & Dalz., Flora of West Tropical Africa 1: 86 (1927).
    • DC., Prodr. 1: 243 (1824).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0