1. Family: Capparaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Maerua Forssk.
      1. Maerua acuminata Oliv.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tanzania to N. Mozambique.

    [FZ]

    Capparidaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Small shrub, glabrous except for the sepal margins; branches slender, finely striate.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets 4–6.4 x 1.5–3 cm., lateral leaflets somewhat smaller, narrowly ovate to ovate, apex acuminate, mucronate, base rounded or obtuse, nerves in 6–7 pairs, not prominent; petiole up to 3.3 cm. long; petiolules up to 5.5 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of axillary, corymbose racemes collected towards the ends of the branches; peduncles 1–2 cm. long, slender; pedicels up to 2 cm. long, slender; bracts trifid, c. 1 mm. long, subulate.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle 3.5 mm. long, 1.5 mm. wide at the mouth, cylindric, with a denticulate-undulate rim 0.5 mm. wide at its lip within.
    Calyx
    Sepals c. 8 x 3.5 mm., oblong-elliptic, rounded at the apex, mucronulate, densely papillose at the margin.
    Corolla
    Petals 0.
    Androgynophore
    Androgynophore the same length as the receptacle.
    Stamens
    Stamens 25–30; anthers 1.5 x 0.75 mm., oblong.
    Pistil
    Ovary on a gynophore c. 1.75 cm. long, oblong-cylindric; ovules c. 20 on 2 placentas; stigma sessile, capitate.
    Fruits
    Fruit not so far known.
    [FTEA]

    Capparidaceae, J. Elffers, R. A. Graham & G. P. Dewolf. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1964

    Habit
    Shrub with brittle twigs, glabrous but for the margin of the sepals.
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate, simple or 3-foliolate; blade ovate, 3–6.5 cm. long, 1–2.6 cm. wide, acuminate, the midrib excurrent as a mucro, basally broadly cuneate to rounded, papery, coppery-green above, paler beneath; petiole up to 3.5 cm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a short lateral or terminal corymbose raceme; pedicels slender, stiffly spreading, ± 1.5–2 cm. long.
    Calyx
    Sepals ± 6–7 mm. long, marginally tomentellous; receptacle narrowly cylindrical, ± 3 mm. long; disk with a free rim up to 0.75 mm. long, unevenly dentate.
    Corolla
    Petals 0.
    Stamens
    Stamens about 25; filaments 1–2 cm. long.
    Ovary
    Ovary ellipsoid-cylindrical, ± 2 mm. long at anthesis; stigma capitate.
    Fruits
    Fruits unknown.
    Habitat
    Deciduous bushland or riverine forest, often on sandy soil; 550–660 m.
    Distribution
    T8

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Mozambique, Tanzania

    Maerua acuminata Oliv. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1914 Kirk, J. [s.n.], Tanzania K000230750 holotype

    First published in Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 85 (1868)

    Accepted by

    • Elffers, J., Graham, R.A. & Dewolf, G.P. (1964). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Capparidaceae: 1-88.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Elffers, J., Graham, R.A. & Dewolf, G.P. (1964). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Capparidaceae: 1-88.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 1: 219 (1960).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 117 (1949).
    • Gilg in A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(1): 250 (1915).
    • Gilg & Bened. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 53: 246 (1915).
    • Gilg in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 186 (1895).
    • Oliv. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 85 (1868).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0