1. Family: Capparaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Maerua Forssk.
      1. Maerua oblongifolia (Forssk.) A.Rich.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to Djibouti and Kenya, India.

    [FTEA]

    Capparidaceae, J. Elffers, R. A. Graham & G. P. Dewolf. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1964

    Habit
    Scrambling shrub up to 3 m. tall, or suffrutescent with lax sometimes decumbent or short erect branches.
    Stem
    Young twigs glabrous or minutely scabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves shortly petiolate, simple; blade narrowly to broadly oblong, 1.5–4 cm. long, 0.6–2 cm. wide, rounded to shortly attenuate at each end or subacute at the apex, sometimes emarginate, rigidly mucronate, leathery, pale green, glabrous, with the midrib prominent beneath.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a dense terminal or short axillary corymbose raceme or the flowers single in the upper leaf-axils; pedicels 3–17 mm. long, glabrous to densely pubescent.
    Calyx
    Sepals (4–)6–14 mm. long, the margin and sometimes the external surface puberulous; receptacle 4–12 mm. long; disk with the free rim scarcely apparent.
    Corolla
    Petals 5–9 mm. long, greenish-yellow.
    Stamens
    Stamens 30–80; filaments 1.5–3 cm. long, white; anthers 1–2.5 mm. long.
    Ovary
    Ovary cylindrical, 2–4 mm. long, glabrous.
    Fruits
    Fruits cylindrical, 2–3 cm. long, divided into 2–3, somewhat alternating rows of globular sections parallel to the axis, sometimes markedly constricted between, verruculose, usually glabrous.
    Habitat
    Grassland with scattered trees (Acacia), deciduous bushland and semi-desert scrub in dry, stony and sandy places; 300–1350 m.
    Distribution
    Sudan and Congo Republics west to Senegal and Mali, also Ethiopia, Eritrea and Somali Republic to Arabia K1 K2 K4 U1 U2 U3
    [FWTA]

    Capparidaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Habit
    Low shrub, to 3 ft. high with thick rootstock
    Branches
    Stiff branches
    Leaves
    Rather thick leaves
    Flowers
    Flowers white, fragrant.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Djibouti, Ghana, India, Kenya, Mali, Mauritania, Nigeria, Oman, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Uganda, Yemen, Zaïre

    Maerua oblongifolia (Forssk.) A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hildebrandt, J.M. [1361], Somalia K000230754 isotype
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6976], India Niebuhria oblongifolia K001126445
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6976] Niebuhria oblongifolia K001126446
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6976] Niebuhria oblongifolia K001126447
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6976] Niebuhria oblongifolia K001126448
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6976] Niebuhria oblongifolia K001126449
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6976] Niebuhria oblongifolia K001126450
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6976] Niebuhria oblongifolia K001126451

    First published in Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 32 (1847)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Marhold, K. (ed.) (2012). IAPT/IOPB chromosome data 14 Taxon 61: 1336-1345.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Elffers, J., Graham, R.A. & Dewolf, G.P. (1964). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Capparidaceae: 1-88.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Chev. Fl. Viv. 1: 166.
    • Gilg & Benedict in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 53: 260
    • —F.T.A. 1: 85
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Marhold, K. (ed.) (2012). IAPT/IOPB chromosome data 14 Taxon 61: 1336-1345.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Keay, Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 89 (1954).
    • F. W. Andr., Fl. Pl. A.-E. Sudan 1: 52 (1950).
    • Chiov., Fl. Somala 2: 9 (1932).
    • Gilg in A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(1): 253 (1915).
    • Gilg & Bened. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 53: 260 (1915).
    • Gilg in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 187 (1895).
    • Oliv. in Flora of Tropical Africa 1: 85 (1868).
    • A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 32, t. 6 (1847).

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0