1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Anthaenantiopsis Mez ex Pilg.
      1. Anthaenantiopsis perforata (Nees) Parodi

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Bolivia to Brazil and Paraguay.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short. Culms erect; 17-95 cm long. Culm-internodes terete; 15-17 cm long; distally glabrous, or hirsute. Culm-nodes pubescent. Lateral branches lacking. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheaths 6-10.5 cm long; mostly shorter than adjacent culm internode; hirsute to hispid. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.3-0.7 mm long; truncate. Collar pilose. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; 4-22 cm long; 3-8 mm wide. Leaf-blade midrib conspicuous. Leaf-blade surface hirsute. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Peduncle hispid above. Racemes 7; borne along a central axis; closely spaced; in a multilateral false spike; erect; unilateral; 1-2.5 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 3.5-10 cm long; hirsute. Rhachis semiterete; hirsute on surface. Spikelet packing contiguous. Spikelets solitary, or in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels linear; angular; unequal; ciliate.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; 2.7-3.6 mm long; 1.1-1.5 mm wide; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; 2.7-3.6 mm long; 1.1-1.5 mm wide; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.3-1.2 mm long; 0.1-0.33 length of spikelet; hyaline; 0-1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface hirsute. Upper glume oblong; 2.7-3.3 mm long; 0.9-0.95 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins ribbed. Upper glume surface hirsute. Upper glume margins ciliate. Upper glume apex obtuse, or acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; oblong; 2.7-3 mm long; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5-7 -veined; ribbed; hirsute. Palea of lower sterile floret 2.4-3.1 mm long; 1 length of lemma. Fertile lemma elliptic; 2.4-3 mm long; 1-1.3 mm wide; coriaceous; yellow; without keel. Lemma surface papillose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute; scabrous and pubescent. Palea gaping; 1 length of lemma; coriaceous.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; 0.4 mm long; truncate. Anthers 3; 2 mm long; purple.
    Distribution
    South America: western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Fl Paraguay 1997.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Paraguay

    Anthaenantiopsis perforata (Nees) Parodi appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Irwin, H.S. [6729], Mato Grosso Anthaenantiopsis perforata var. camporum K000643642

    First published in Notas Mus. La Plata, Bot. 8: 91 (1943)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0