1. Family: Euphorbiaceae Juss.
    1. Aleurites J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Asia to NE. Australia.

    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    Monoecious trees
    Indumentum
    Indumentum stellate
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, simple, entire or palmati-lobed, petiolate, stipulate, the stipules minute and fugacious
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal, thyrsiform, androgynous, protogynous, with a solitary ♀ flower terminating each major axis, lateral cymules ♂; bracts subulate, readily caducous
    Flowers
    Male flowers: calyx closed in bud, later valvately rupturing into 2–3 lobes; petals 5, free, imbricate; disc 5-lobed; stamens 4-verticillate, ± 20, the outer free, the inner ± united, borne on a conical receptacle, anthers introrse; pistillode 0 Female flowers: calyx, petals and disc as in the ♂ flowers; ovary 2–3-locular, with 1 ovule per locule; styles 2–3, thick, bilobed
    Male
    Male flowers: calyx closed in bud, later valvately rupturing into 2–3 lobes; petals 5, free, imbricate; disc 5-lobed; stamens 4-verticillate, ± 20, the outer free, the inner ± united, borne on a conical receptacle, anthers introrse; pistillode 0
    Female
    Female flowers: calyx, petals and disc as in the ♂ flowers; ovary 2–3-locular, with 1 ovule per locule; styles 2–3, thick, bilobed
    Fruits
    Fruits large, drupaceous, indehiscent; exocarp fleshy; endocarp woody, 2–3-locular or 1-locular by abortion
    Seeds
    Seeds ovoid, ecarunculate; testa thick, woody; albumen hard; embryo straight; cotyledons broad, flat.
    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    Monoecious trees.
    Indumentum
    Indumentum stellate.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, stipulate, long-petiolate, simple, entire or palmately lobed, palminerved.
    Stipules
    Stipules minute, fugacious.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal, thyrsiform, androgynous, protogynous, some cymules with terminal female flowers, others all male; bracts subulate, readily caducous.
    Flowers
    Male flowers: calyx closed in bud, valvately rupturing into 2–3 lobes; petals 5, free, imbricate; disk glands 5, free, alternating with the petals; stamens c. 20, 4-verticillate, the outer free, the inner united into a column, anthers basifixed, introrse, longitudinally dehiscent; receptacle conical; pistillode absent. Female flowers: calyx calyptrate, 2-lobed, splitting down one side; petals resembling those of the male flowers; disk shallowly 5-lobed; ovary 2-locular, with 1 ovule per loculus; styles 2, bipartite, erect.
    Fruits
    Fruit usually 2-lobed, drupaceous, indehiscent; exocarp fleshy; endocarp thinly woody, 2-locular or 1-locular by abortion.
    Seeds
    Seeds broadly ovoid, ecarunculate; testa thick, woody; albumen hard; embryo straight; cotyledons broad, flat.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, Hainan, India, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Queensland, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam

    Introduced into:

    Argentina Northeast, Bahamas, Brazil Northeast, Cayman Is., Christmas I., Cook Is., Cuba, Dominican Republic, Fiji, Florida, Haiti, Hawaii, Jamaica, Kermadec Is., Leeward Is., Madagascar, Marquesas, Mozambique, New Caledonia, Niue, Paraguay, Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Rwanda, Samoa, Society Is., Swaziland, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Wallis-Futuna Is., Windward Is., Zimbabwe

    Aleurites J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Char. Gen. Pl.: 111 (1776)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Char. Gen. Pl.: 111, t. 56 (1775).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Hutch. in F.T.A. 6(1): 813 (1912), pro parte
    • Pax in E.P. IV. 147(1): 128 (1910), pro parte
    • G.P. 3(1): 292 (1880), pro parte
    • Muell. Arg. in DC., Prodr. 15(2): 722 (1866), pro parte
    • Char. Gen. Pl.: 111, t. 56 (1776)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0