1. Family: Phyllanthaceae Martinov
    1. Antidesma L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World.

    [FZ]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. Radcliffe-Smith. Flora Zambesiaca 9:4. 1996

    Habit
    Dioecious trees or shrubs with a simple indumentum.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, shortly petiolate, stipulate, simple, entire, penninerved and usually brochidodromous, acarodomatiiferous, eglandular; stipules entire and deciduous (or laciniate and persistent, but not so in Flora Zambesiaca area).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, leaf-opposed, terminal or cauliflorous, solitary or few-fascicled, spicate, racemose or subpaniculate, shortly pedunculate, densely flowered; bracts small, 1-flowered; flowers small, sessile or subsessile.
    Flowers
    Female flowers: calyx as in the male; petals absent; disk hypogynous, annular or cupular; ovary 1(2)-locular, with 2 pendulous ovules per locule; styles (2)3(5), very short, united at the base, terminal or lateral, usually 2-lobed, often persistent. Male flowers: calyx 3–5(8)-lobed, lobes imbricate; petals absent; disk extrastaminal, the glands free or connate; stamens (2)3–5(10), opposite the sepals; filaments free, exserted; anthers inflexed in bud, later erect, apicifixed, connective thick, thecae distinct, divergent, basally and longitudinally dehiscent; pistillode small, often cylindric, sometimes absent.
    Fruits
    Fruit drupaceous, unilocular, small, often oblique, laterally compressed, indehiscent, often red or black; mesocarp fleshy; endocarp hardened, reticulate-foveolate.
    Seeds
    Seeds 1(2) per fruit, ecarunculate; albumen fleshy, not copious; cotyledons broad, flat.
    [FTEA]

    Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    Dioecious shrubs or small trees with a simple indumentum
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, shortly petiolate, stipulate, simple, entire, penninerved, usually brochidodromous, provided with acarodomatia, eglandular
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, leaf-opposed, terminal or cauliflorous, shortly pedunculate, simple or compoundly spicate or racemose, solitary or subfasciculate, usually densely flowered; bracts small, 1-flowered
    Flowers
    Male flowers: calyx ± cupular, 3–5(–8)-toothed or -lobed, the lobes imbricate; petals 0; disc-glands free or ± connate, extrastaminal or covering the receptacle; stamens (2–)3–5(–10), episepalous, filaments free, long-exserted, arising from within or from among the disc-glands, anthers inflexed in bud, apicifixed, bilobate, thecae ± divergent, almost free, basally dehiscent, connective thick; pistillode small, often ± cylindric Female flowers: calyx ± as in ♂; disc hypogynous, annular or cupular; ovary 1(–2)-locular, with 2 apical pendulous anatropous ovules per locule; styles (2–)3(–5), very short, usually bilobed, terminal or lateral
    Male
    Male flowers: calyx ± cupular, 3–5(–8)-toothed or -lobed, the lobes imbricate; petals 0; disc-glands free or ± connate, extrastaminal or covering the receptacle; stamens (2–)3–5(–10), episepalous, filaments free, long-exserted, arising from within or from among the disc-glands, anthers inflexed in bud, apicifixed, bilobate, thecae ± divergent, almost free, basally dehiscent, connective thick; pistillode small, often ± cylindric
    Female
    Female flowers: calyx ± as in ♂; disc hypogynous, annular or cupular; ovary 1(–2)-locular, with 2 apical pendulous anatropous ovules per locule; styles (2–)3(–5), very short, usually bilobed, terminal or lateral
    Fruits
    Fruit a small, often oblique and compressed-ellipsoid red or black indehiscent drupe; endocarp hardened, laxly reticulate-foveolate
    Seeds
    Seed solitary by abortion (very rarely 2 developed), ecarunculate; albumen fleshy; cotyledons broad, flat.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Comoros, Congo, East Himalaya, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Hawaii, India, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Qinghai, Queensland, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Western Australia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Society Is., Trinidad-Tobago

    Antidesma L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1955 Maitland, T.D. [451], Cameroon K000180676
    Jan 1, 1955 Maitland, T.D. [191], Cameroon K000180678
    Coode, M. [4481], Mauritius 35411.000
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8569], Malaysia K001125877
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8569], Malaysia K001125878
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8569], Malaysia K001125879
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8577] K001125890
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8577] K001125891
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8579], Myanmar K001125893
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8579], Myanmar K001125895
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8580], Myanmar K001125896
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8583], Singapore K001125900
    Porter, G. [Cat. no. 8576], Malaysia K001125889
    Porter, G. [Cat. no. 8582], Malaysia K001125898
    Porter, G. [Cat. no. 8582], Malaysia K001125899
    Porter, G. [Cat. no. 8584], Malaysia K001125901
    Porter, G. [Cat. no. 8584], Malaysia K001125902
    Porter, G. [Cat. no. 8584], Malaysia K001125903
    Porter, G. [Cat. no. 8584], Malaysia K001125904
    Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 8578], Myanmar K001125892
    Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 8579], Myanmar K001125894
    Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 9145], Myanmar K001132270
    Heyne, B. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132814
    Buchanan-Hamilton, F. [Cat. no. s.n.], India K001132937
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8570], India K001125881
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8570], India K001125882
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8573], India K001125885
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8574] K001125886
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8575] K001125887
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8575] K001125888
    Elad, M. [134], Cameroon K000746320
    s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.], Peninsular Malaysia K001132804
    s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.], Singapore K001132778
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8568] K001125876
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8570], India K001125880
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8571], India K001125883
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8572], Nepal K001125884
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 9144] K001132269

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 1027 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Pax & K. Hoffm. in Engl. Pflanzenr. Euph. 15: 107 (1922).
    • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 642
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • J. Léonard in Bull. Jard. Bot. Belg. 58, 1/2: 4 (1988).
    • Müller Argoviensis in De Candolle, Prodr. 15, 2: 247 (1866).
    • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 451 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl.: 1027 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Pax in E.P. IV. 147 (15): 107 (1922)
    • Hutch. in F.T.A. 6(1): 642 (1912)
    • G.P. 3(1): 284 (1880)
    • Muell. Arg. in DC., Prodr. 15(2): 247 (1866)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5, 451 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 1027 (1753)

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0